Jam.py documentation contents

Jam.py documentation

How the documentation is organized

Here is an overview of how the documentation is organized, that will help you know where to look for certain things:

Getting started topics describe how to install the framework, create a new project, take you through a series of steps to develop a Web application and explains how to deploy it.

Programming guides discuss key topics and concepts at a fairly high level and provide useful background information and explanation.

Business application builder is a detailed description of the Application Builder used for application development and database administration.

Class reference guides contain technical reference for Jam.py classes APIs

FAQ topics covers most frequently asked questions.

How to contains code examples that can be useful to quickly accomplish common tasks

Or you can go to the table of contents

Video Tutorials

If you are new to Jam.py, we highly recommend that you watch these video tutorials

It is recommended to watch these videos with a resolution of 1080p

Tutorial 1 - Working with files and images

Tutorial 2 - Working with details

Tutorial 3 - Users, roles, audit trail/change history

Tutorial 4 - Task tree

Tutorial 5 - Forms

Tutorial 6 - Form events

Tutorial 7 - Data aware controls

Tutorial 8 - Datasets

Tutorial 9 - Datasets Part 2

Tutorial 10 - Fields and filters

Tutorial 11 - Client-server interactions

Tutorial 12 - Working with data on the server

Getting started

Here you can learn how to install the framework, create a new project, develop a web application and deploy it.

Installation

Install python

Jam.py requires python. If it is not installed you can get the latest version of Python at https://www.python.org/download/

You can use the following versions of Python with Jam.py:

Python 2

  • Python 2.7

Python 3

  • Python 3.4

  • Python 3.5

  • Python 3.6

You can verify that Python is installed by typing python from your shell; you should see something like:

Python 2.7.12 (default, Nov 19 2016, 06:48:10)
[GCC 5.4.0 20160609] on linux2
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

If Python 2 and Python 3 are installed try to type python3:

Python 3.5.2 (default, Nov 17 2016, 17:05:23)
[GCC 5.4.0 20160609] on linux
Type "help", "copyright", "credits" or "license" for more information.
>>>

Install Jam.py

Installing an official release with pip

This is the recommended way to install Jam.py.

  1. Install pip. The easiest is to use the standalone pip installer. If your distribution already has pip installed, you might need to update it if it’s outdated. (If it’s outdated, you’ll know because installation won’t work.)

  2. If you’re using Linux, Mac OS X or some other flavour of Unix, enter the command

    sudo pip install jam.py
    

    at the shell prompt.

    If you’re using Windows, start a command shell with administrator privileges and run the command

    pip install jam.py
    

    This will install Jam.py in your Python installation’s site-packages directory.

Installing an official release manually
  1. Download the package archive.

  2. Create a new directory and unpack the archive there.

  3. Go into the directory and run the setup command from command line

$ python setup.py install

This will install Jam.py in your Python installation’s site-packages directory.

Note

on some unix like systems you may need to switch to root or run: sudo python setup.py install

Creating a project

Create a new directory.

Go into the directory and run from command line:

$ jam-project.py

The following files and folders will be created in the directory:

/
    css/
    js/
    img/
    reports/
    static/
    admin.sqlite
    server.py
    index.html
    wsgi.py

To start Jam.py web server run server.py script.

$ ./server.py

Note

You can specify a port as parameter, for example

$ ./server.py 8081.

By default, the port is 8080. If you will specify another port, you need to use it in a browser in the next steps.

Open a Web browser and go to “/builder.html” on your local domain – e.g., http://127.0.0.1:8080/builder.html. You should see the select language dialog.

127.0.0.1:8080/builder.html

In the dialog that will appear, select the language and press OK button.

Jam.py language dialog

In the New project dialog box fill in:

  • Caption - the project name that appears to users

  • Name - name of project (task) that will be used in programming code to get access to the task object. Should be a short valid python identifier. This name is used as a prefix when creating a table in the project database.

  • DB type — select database type. If database is not Sqlite, it must be created in advance and its attributes should be entered in the corresponding form fields. To see examples of Database setup, follow the link.

New project setup

When you press OK, the connection to the database will be checked, and in case of failure an error message will be displayed.

Note

Please note the following requirements:

  • to use FireBird database, the python fdb library must be installed

  • PostgreSQL requires psycopg2 library

  • MySQL requires MySQLdb library

  • Oracle requires cx_Oracle library

  • MSSQL requires pymssql library

  • to generate reports LibreOffice must be installed

Note

For SQLite database, when an item field is deleted or renamed, or foreign key is created, Application builder, creates a new table and copies records from the old one into it.

For SQLite database, Jam.py doesn’t support importing of metadata into an existing project (project with tables in the database). You can only import metadata into a new project.

If all goes well, a new project will be created and the project tree will appear in the Application builder.

Jam.py Application builder

Now, to see the project itself, create a new page in the browser and type in the address bar:

127.0.0.1:8080
Jam.py project

Demo project

The framework has a full fledged demo application that demonstrates programming techniques used in the framework.

The demo is located in the demo folder of the Jam.py package downloaded from Github. There is also a stand alone or an portable application for Windows x64 provided here.

The portable application depends on LibreOffice for Reports and nothing more. Just run it and point the browser as per below.

To start the demo application go to the demo folder and run server.py script.

$ ./server.py

Open a Web browser and enter 127.0.0.1:8080 in the address bar.

To see Application builder open a new page in a browser and enter 127.0.0.1:8080/builder.html

Demo application Application builder of demo project

Tutorial. Part 1. First project

Now, we’ll walk you through the creation of a basic CRM application. Please follow the steps below:

New project

We’ll assume that jam.py is already installed. If not, see Installation guide how to do it.

First we create a folder for the new project and in this folder we execute the jam-project.py script to create the project structures.

$ jam-project.py

After that we run server.py script that jam-project.py have created:

$ ./server.py

Now, to complete the creation of the project, open the web browser and go to 127.0.0.1:8080/builder.html to open the Application Builder. You should see the language selection dialog.

Select language dialog

Select English and click OK button. The project parameters dialog box appears.

Project params

Fill out the form and click “OK”. Now you should see the project tree in the left panel.

Project Application builder

Open a new page, type 127.0.0.1:8080 in the address bar and press Enter. A new project appears with an empty menu.

Empty project

New catalog

Let’s go back to the Application builder page and create a “Customers” catalog.

Now we select the “Catalogs” group in the project tree and and click the New button at the bottom right corner of the page

Catalogs

In the Item Editor dialog, fill in the caption and name of the new catalog

New customes catalog

and click the New button in the bottom right corner of the dialog to add a new field. The Field Editor dialog appears. Type the caption and name of the “Firstname” field, select its type and click OK button.

New journal tasks

Similarly, we added the “Lastname” and “Phone” fields. When adding the “Lastname” field, we checked the Required attribute.

Customers fields

Now, to save the changes, click the OK button. When saving, the Application builder created the CRM_CUSTOMERS table in the ctm.sqlite database:

Table created

Go to the Project page, refresh it and click the New button and then OK button:

Customers page

Lookup fields

Now we will create the “Contacts” item.

Select the “Journals” group in the project task tree and add a new journal in the same way that we created the “Customers” catalog.

First we add the “Contact date” field of the “datetime” type and then “Notes” fields of the “text” type.

Let’s add the lookup field “Customer” field that will store a reference to a record in the “Customers” catalog.

Adding Customer field

To create a lookup field, after specifying its caption and name, we need to select a lookup item. Select Lookup tab and click the button to the right of the Lookup item input

Cutomer lookup tab

and double click the record to select it.

Selecting Customer lookup item

The same way specify a lookup field.

Lastname lookup field

In the same way we add the “Firstname” and “Phone” lookup fields. For this fields we specify the “Customer” field as their Master field attribute.

contacts_firstname.png Phone lookup field

Click the “OK” button to save the “Contacts” item.

Contacts sql

As you can see, there are no “FIRSTNAME” and “PHONE” fields in the “CRM_CONTACTS” table. This is due to the fact that we have set Master field attribute of these fields to “Customer”. The “Customer” field will store a reference to a record in the “Customers” catalog and that record have the “Firstname” and “Phone” fields.

When we refresh the project page and click the New button we’ll see that there is a small button to the right of the “Customer” input.

Customer input

When we click on it and select a record in the “Customers” catalog the fields “Customer”, “Firstname” and “Phone” will be filled.

Customer input selected

Lookup lists

Now we create a lookup List “Status”.

Select the “Task” node in the project tree and click the Lookup lists button.

Lookup lists

Click the New button and specify the new lookup list name and add a list of integer-text pairs:

Lookup list entries

Save the Lookup Lists dialog and open the “Contacts” journal to add the “Status” field

Status field

and set the Lookup values attribute to the “Status” lookup list:

Status lookup field

And finally, before saving, open the “Customer” field and set the Required and Typeahead attributes. When the Typeahead is checked, typeahead is enabled for the lookup field,

Customer attributes Customer typeahead attribute

set Default value of the “Contact date” field to “CURRENT DATETIME”

Contact date field default value

and Default value of the “Status” field to “Contact” selecting them in the drop-down lists.

Status field default value

Customizing Forms

When we refresh the project page we’ll see that fields in the table and in the edit form of the “Contacts” journal are displayed in the order in which they were created.

Contacts new record

To change how fields are displayed in the table, click the View Form button to open the View Form Dialog Let’s change the displayed fields using left, right, up and down buttons

View contacts1

Let’s click on the button right to the Sort fields input and select the fields by which user can sort the contents of the table by clicking in the corresponding column header of the table.

view_contacts_order_by.png

To change the way the fields are displayed in the edit form click the Edit Form button to open the Edit Form Dialog

Edit contacts2

To see the result of our work, go to the project page, refresh it and click the New button.

Contacts view

Indexes

Let’s set the default sorting of records of the “Contacts” journal. To do so click the Order button:

Contacts order

And now we create a corresponding index for the “Contacts” journal database table. Click the Indices button to open Indices Dialog and then click the New button and specify the index:

New index

Filters

Filters are used to select records from the database table according to the specified criteria.

Click the Filters button to open Filters Dialog

Filters dialog

Now click the New button and fill out the following form:

New filter

Similarly, we created other filters:

All filters

When we refresh the project page, the Filters button will appear in the header of the “Contacts” form. Clicking this button opens the “Filters” dialog box:

Contacts filters

Tutorial. Part 2. File and image fields

In this part we will demonstrate how to work with files and images in Jam.py.

Adding Image field

Let’s select the “Customers” catalog, Double-click it to open the Item Editor Dialog and add an image field “Photo”:

image_field.png

Now refresh the project page, click the Customers menu item and open the edit form.

image_project1.png

Double-click the image in the editing form to select an image from the Open File dialog box.

select_image.png image_project2.png

Note

To clear an image, hold down the Ctrl key and double-click the image.

Let’s open the Field Editor Dialog in Application Builder and set View width to 120 and Edit width to 314 on the Interface tab.

image_field2.png

Note

You can set the image placehodler by double-clicking on it.

In the View Form Dialog we set Row lines to 4 and the width of the “Photo” field to 120.

image_view_form.png

Now on the project page we will have:

image_edit.png

Capturing image from camera

You can capture the image from the camera. To do so check the Capture from camera check box. In this case when the image is not set the video from camera will be displayed instead of the image placeholder.

Double-click the video to capture the image. To clear an image, hold down the Ctrl key and double-click the image, after that the video will be displayed.

Adding file field

Now we add a field that will store an appendix file to the “Contacts” journal.

file_field.png

This field will be displayed in the editing form as follows:

appendix_edit.png

The field input have three buttons on the right - to upload, to download and to open a file.

Let’s open the Field Editor Dialog in Application Builder and uncheck the Download btn check box and set Accept attribute to ‘.pdf’.

appendix_interface.png

Let’s refresh the project page, open the “Contacts” edit form and upload a file by clicking the upload button:

appendix_select.png

Now we can open a file in the browser by clicking on the open button.

appendix_field2.png appendix_pdf_open.png

Note

Files and images are stored in the static/files folder on the server.

You can limit the size of files that can be uploaded to the server by setting Max content length attribute in the project parameters.

Tutorial. Part 3. Details

In this part of the tutorial we will explain how to work with details.

Let’s select the “Details” group in the project tree and and click the New button at the bottom right corner of the page

detail_group.png

In the Item Editor dialog box, we will name the new item “To do list” and add the two fields “Created” and “To do” in the same way as in the previous tutorial:

new_detail.png

After saving the “To do list”, select the “Contacts” journal and click the Details button in the right pane to open the Details Dialog. Click the right arrow button to add the “To do list” to the “Contacts” details and the OK button to save changes.

details_dialog.png

A new “To do list” item will be created as a child of the “Contacts” journal.

contacts_to_do_list.png

Select the “Contacts” journal again and click the Edit form button to open the Edit Form Dialog. Select Form tab, click the button to the right of the Edit details input and select the “To do list” check box.

details_to_edit.png

Let’s update the project page and dblclick on the contact. Now we can add items to the to-do list of the contact.

new_to_do_item.png

Click the Groups node in the project tree, dblclick the Details row and set Visible attribute to true.

detail_group_visible.png

When we refresh the project page, we will see the “To do list” item in the main menu. Click on it to see the to do list of all contacts.

todo_all.png

Select the “Contacts” journal again and click the View form button to open the View Form Dialog. Select Form tab, click the button to the right of the View detail input and select the “To do list” check box.

contacts_view_detail.png

In the project page will see that the to-do list changes when the contact changes.

todo_completed.png

Jam.py deployment with Apache and mod_wsgi

Once you’ve got mod_wsgi installed and activated, edit your Apache server’s httpd.conf file and add the following. If you are using a version of Apache older than 2.4, replace Require all granted with Allow from all and also add the line Order deny,allow above it.

WSGIScriptAlias / /path/to/mysite.com/mysite/wsgi.py
WSGIPythonPath /path/to/mysite.com

<Directory /path/to/mysite.com/mysite>
<Files wsgi.py>
Require all granted
</Files>
</Directory>

Alias /static/ /path/to/mysite.com/static/

<Directory /path/to/mysite.com/static>
Require all granted
</Directory>

The first bit in the WSGIScriptAlias line is the base URL path you want to serve your application at (/ indicates the root url), and the second is the location of a “WSGI file” – see below – on your system, usually inside of your project package (mysite in this example). This tells Apache to serve any request below the given URL using the WSGI application defined in that file.

The WSGIPythonPath line ensures that your project package is available for import on the Python path; in other words, that import mysite works.

The <Directory> piece just ensures that Apache can access your wsgi.py file.

The next lines ensure that anything in the /static/ URL space is explicitly served as a static files.

See also

See the additional information on the deployment in the How to deploy

Jam.py programming

Here, the basic concepts of Jam.py programming will be explained.

Task tree

All objects of the framework represent a tree of objects. These object are called items.

All items of the tree have common ancestor class AbstractItem ( client reference / server reference ) and common attributes:.

  • ID - unique in the framework ID of the item

  • owner - immediate parent and owner of the item

  • task - root of the task tree

  • items - list of child items

  • item_type - type of the item

  • item_name - the name of the item that will be used in programming code to get access to the item

  • item_caption - the item name that appears to users

At the root of the tree is the task item.

The task contains group items. There are three types of groups that have the following values of the item_type attribute:

  • “items” - these groups contain items with “item” item_type, that can have associated database table.

  • “details” - such groups also contain items that can have associated database tables, but they can be used to create details for other items (see Details ).

  • “reports” - these groups contain reports - items with “report” item_type, that are used to create reports.

You can create your own groups.

Items that can have associated database table can own details, that are used to store records that belong to a record of the master.

For example the task tree of the Demo project is:

/demo/
    catalogs/
       customers
       tracks
       albums
       artists
       genres
       media_types
    journals/
        invoices/
            invoice_table
    details/
        invoice_table
    reports/
        invoice
        purchases_report
        customers_report

At the root of the task tree is a task with the item_name demo. It has four groups: catalogs, journals, details and reports. The catalogs, journals groups have item_type “items”. The items they own are wrappers over the corresponding database tables. There is one detail item with item_name invoice_table, that also has it’s own database table, and three reports in the reports group.

The invoices journal has the invoice_table detail, which keeps a list of tracks in an customer’s invoice. So there are two items with the same name “invoice_table” (detail_item and detail). They share the same database table.

Every item is an attribute of its owner and all items, tables and reports are attributes the task as well (they all have a unique item_name).

A task is a global object on the client. To access it, just type task anywhere in the code.

On the server, the task is not global. Jam.py is an event-driven environment. Each event has as a parameter the item (or field) that triggered the event. Functions defined in the server module of an item that can be executed from the client module using the server method have the corresponding item as the first parameter as well.

Knowing an item, we can access any other item of the task tree. For example to get access to the customers catalog we can write

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
    customers = item.task.catalogs.customers.copy()

or just

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
    customers = item.task.customers.copy()

The hierarchical structure of the project is one of the bases of the DRY (don’t repeat yourself) principle of the framework.

For example, some methods of the items, when executed, successively generate events for the task, group and the item.

This way we can define a basic behavior for all items in the event handler of the task, that can be expanded in the event handler of the group, and finally, if necessary, can be specified in the event handler of the item itself. For more details see Form events

Video

The Task tree video tutorial demonstrates the task tree using Demo project

Workflow

In the Jam.py framework, two tasks work at the same time: the Application builder and the Project. Each of them represents a tree of objects - there is the Application builder task tree and the Project task tree. Therefore, before considering the Jam.py workflow, you need to familiarize yourself with the concept of the task tree.

The the Jam.py workflow is the following:

  • When server.py is run it creates WSGI application that, in its own turn, creates the Application builder task tree.

  • The Project task tree is created on the server by Application builder after the server receives first request from the Project client. To do so, the Application builder uses metadata stored in admin.sqlite database in the root folder of the project. After creating a task tree the server application triggers the on_created event, that can be used to initialize the server task tree.

  • When an application on the client (Application builder or Project) is first run in the browser (after builder.html or index.html have been loaded) the empty task object is built that sends to the server a request to initialize itself.

  • If the project safe mode parameter is set, the framework checks if a user is logged, before executing any request. If not, then the application on the client creates a login form, and after the user inputs its login and password, the client task sends the server a request to login.

  • After successful login or if the project safe mode parameter is not set, the server sends the client information about the requested task. The task on the client builds its tree, based on this information, assigns event handlers to its objects and executes on_page_loaded event handler.

  • In this event handler a developer should attach JQuery event handler functions to HTML elements of the DOM, defined in the index.html file. In these functions a developer can use methods of items of the task tree to perform some specific tasks. These methods, when executed, trigger different events in which other methods could be called and so on. See Client side programming.

  • Items of the task tree, that have corresponding database tables, have methods to read and write data in the server database. See Data programming.

  • The report items generate the reports on the server, based on the LibrOffice templates. See Programming reports.

  • All the items, whose methods generate a request to the server, do it the following way: they call the method of the task that sends to the server the ID of the task, the ID the item, the type of the request and its parameters. The server on receiving the request, based on passed IDs, finds the task (it can be Project task or Application builder task) and the item on the server, executes the corresponding method with passed parameters and returns the result of the execution to the client. These server methods could trigger their own events that can override the default behavior. See Server side programming

Video

Form events and Client-server interactions video tutorials illustrate the workflow of Jam.py project.

Working with modules

For every item of the project task tree a developer can write code that will be executed on the client or server. In Application builder for every item there is two upper-right buttons Client module and Server module. Clicking on these will open the code editor.

Every item has a predefined set of events that could be triggered by application. An event is a function defined in the module of an item that starts with the on_ prefix. All published events are listed in the Events tab of the information pane of the code editor

In the code editor the developer can write code for these events as well as define some functions.

For example the following code means that immediately after adding a new record to the Invoices journal of the Demo project, the value of the invoicedate field will be equal to the current date.

function on_after_append(item) {
    item.invoicedate.value = new Date();
}

Note

These events and functions became attributes of the item and could be accessed anywhere in the project code.

For example, the following code defined in the item client module will execute on_edit_form_created event handler defined in the Customers item for this item.

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    task.customers.on_edit_form_created(item);
}

Client side programming

Index.html

When user opens a Jam.py application in a Web browser, the browser first loads the index.html file. This file is located in the root directory of a project.

index.html

It is the usual html file containing links to css and js files, that client application is using. The files that start with jam are located in the jam folder of the Jam.py package directory on the server.

For example

<link href="jam/css/jam.css" rel="stylesheet">

If needed, other files can be added here. For example some charting library. It is better to place them in the js and css folders of the static directory of the project.

For example

<script src="static/js/Chart.min.js"></script>

The index.html body tag have a div with class templates, that contains html templates of the project forms. See Forms and Form templates. for details.

At the end of the file there is a following script:

<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    task.load()
  });
</script>

In this script the load method of the task, that has been created when jam.js file was loaded, is called that loads information about the task tree from the server and, based on this information, builds its tree, loads modules, assigns event handlers to its items and triggers on_page_loaded event. See Initializing application

Initializing application

The on_page_loaded event is the first event triggered by an application on the client.

The new project uses on_page_loaded event handler to dynamically build the application’s main menu and attach the on click event handler to menu items using JQuery.

function on_page_loaded(task) {

    $("title").text(task.item_caption);
    $("#title").text(task.item_caption);

    if (task.safe_mode) {
        $("#user-info").text(task.user_info.role_name + ' ' + task.user_info.user_name);
        $('#log-out')
        .show()
        .click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            task.logout();
        });
    }

    if (task.full_width) {
        $('#container').removeClass('container').addClass('container-fluid');
    }
    $('#container').show();

    task.create_menu($("#menu"), $("#content"), {view_first: true});

}

This event handler uses JQuery to select elements from the index.html to set their attributes and assign events.

<div id="container" class="container" style="display: none">
    <div class="row-fluid">
        <div class="span6">
            <h3 id="title" class="muted"></h3>
        </div>
        <div class="span6 logging-info">
            <span id="user-info"></span>
            <a id="log-out" href="#" style="display: none">Log out</a>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="container">
        <div id="taskmenu" class="navbar">
            <div class="navbar-inner">
                <ul id="menu" class="nav">
                </ul>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div id="content">
    </div>
</div>

Finally, the create_menu method of the task is called to dynamically create the main project menu.

Forms

One of the key concepts of the framework is the concept of form.

When the user clicks the menu item of the main menu, the view method of the corresponding item is executed, which creates the view form.

This view form can have the New and Edit buttons, clicking on which the insert_record and edit_record methods will be executed. These methods create an item edit form.

Forms are based on HTML form templates that determine their layout. Form templates are defined in the Index.html file, located in the root folder of the project.

The application already has default templates for viewing and editing data, for specifying filters and report parameters.

For example, all edit forms of the Demo project use the following html template:

<div class="default-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="edit-body"></div>
        <div class="edit-detail"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

You can define your own form templates to create your own custom forms. See Form templates

When some method creates a form the application finds corresponding html template.

If container (a Jquery object) parameter is specified, the method empties it and appends the html template to it, otherwise, it creates an empty modal form and appends the template to the form.

After this it assigns item’s prefix_form attribute to the template, triggers an on_prefix_form_created events, shows the form and triggers on_prefix_form_shown events, where prefix is a type of the form (view, edit, filter, param). See Form events for details.

Below is an example of the on_edit_form_created event handler of the task:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task', function() { item.apply_record() });
    item.edit_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click.task', function(e) { item.cancel_edit(e) });

    if (!item.master && item.owner.on_edit_form_created) {
        item.owner.on_edit_form_created(item);
    }
    if (item.on_edit_form_created) {
        item.on_edit_form_created(item);
    }

    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find(".edit-body"));
    item.create_detail_views(item.edit_form.find(".edit-detail"));

    return true;
}

In this example, the the find method of JQuery is used to to find elements on the form.

First, we assign a JQuery click event to OK and Cancel buttons, so cancel_edit and apply_record methods will be executed when user clicks on the buttons. This methods cancel or apply changes made to the record respectively and call the close_edit_form method to close the form.

Then, if item is not a detail and has an event handler on_edit_form_created, defined in the owner’s client module, this event handler is executed.

After that, if item has an event handler on_edit_form_created, defined in the item’s client module, this event handler is executed.

In these event handlers some additional actions could be executed. For example you can assign click events to buttons or some other elements contained in your edit form template, change edit_options, create tables using the create_table method and so on.

Then the create_inputs method is called to create inputs in the element with class “edit-body”

Finally, create_detail_views method is called to create details in the element with class “edit-detail”

Note

If some elements are missing in the form template, an exception will not be raised.

The close_prefix_form, where prefix is the type of the form, closes the form of this type. But before form is closed the on_prefix_form_close_query and on_prefix_form_closed events are triggered. After form is closed it is removed from the DOM.

Form templates

Form templates of the project are located in the div with the templates class inside the body tag in the Index.html file.

When load method is executed, it cuts out the div with templates class from the body and stores it in the templates attribute as a JQuery object.

To add a form template for an item you should add a div with the name-suffix class in the templates div, where name is the item_name of the item and suffix is the form type: view, edit, filter, param.

For example:

<div class="invoices-edit">
        ...
</div>

is an edit form template of the invoices item.

For a detail before its name there should be the name of its master, separated by a hyphen:

<div class="invoices-invoice_table-edit">
        ...
</div>

If an item doesn’t have a form template then the form template of its owner, if defined, will be used.

So the template

<div class="journals-edit">
        ...
</div>

will be used to create edit forms of items that Journals group owns and that do not have its own edit form template.

If, after searching this way, no template was found for an item, the template with the default-suffix class will be used to create a form.

So the template

<div class="default-edit">
        ...
</div>

will be used to create edit forms for items that have no templates defined for them and their owners.

When a new project is created the index.html already contains such templates.

Below is an example of default edit form template from index.html file:

<div class="default-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="edit-body"></div>
        <div class="edit-detail"></div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

There are more template examples in the Form examples section.

Form events

After the form is created and the HTML form template is added to the DOM, the application triggers the following form events during the life cycle of the form:

  • on_view_form_created - the event is triggered when the form has been created but not shown yet

  • on_view_form_shown -the event is triggered when the the form has been shown

  • on_view_form_close_query - the event is triggered when an attempt is made to close the form

  • on_view_form_closed - the event is triggered when the form has been closed

  • on_view_form_keydown - the event is triggered when the keydown event occurs for the form

  • on_view_form_keyup - the event is triggered when the keyup event occurs for the form

For other form types - edit, filter and param, replace ‘view’ with the form type, for example on_edit_form_created for edit form.

We will first explain how to use the on_view_form_created event.

When the user clicks on menu item the application executes the view method of corresponding task tree item, this method creates a form using its HTML form template and triggers first the on_view_form_created event of the task.

When you create a new project, the task client module already contains the code, including the on_view_form_created event handler. This event handler is executed each time the view form is created and defines the default behavior of view forms.

You can open the task client module to see this event handler. If you need to change the default behavior for all view forms of the project, you should do it here.

Below we describe the major steps it performs:

  • Initializes the view_form and table_options that are used by some methods when view form and table are created.

  • Assigns JQuery event handlers for default buttons to methods of the item, depending on the user rights. In the example below the delete button is. Initialized:

    if (item.can_delete()) {
        item.view_form.find("#delete-btn").on('click.task', function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            item.delete_record();
        });
    }
    else {
        item.view_form.find("#delete-btn").prop("disabled", true);
    }
    
  • Executes the on_view_form_created event handler of the item group and. on_view_form_created of the item if they are defined:

    if (!item.master && item.owner.on_view_form_created) {
        item.owner.on_view_form_created(item);
    }
    
    if (item.on_view_form_created) {
        item.on_view_form_created(item);
    }
    
  • Creates a table to display the item data and tables for details if they have been specified by calling create_view_tables method

  • Executes open method, that gets the item dataset from the server.

  • Finally returns true to prevent calling of the on_view_form_created of the owner group and the item because the were already called see the _process_event method below.

After we initialized buttons and before creating tables we call the on_view_form_created event handler of the item itself.

For example, in the client module of the tracks item of the demo app the following on_view_form_created event handler is defined. In it we change the height attribute of the table_options , create the copy of the invoice_table set its attributes and call its create_table method that creates a table to display its data.

function on_view_form_created(item) {
  item.table_options.height -= 200;
  item.invoice_table = task.invoice_table.copy();
  item.invoice_table.paginate = false;
  item.invoice_table.create_table(item.view_form.find('.view-detail'), {
      height: 200,
      summary_fields: ['date', 'total'],
  });
  item.alert('Double-click the record in the bottom table to see track sales.');
}

The module also has the on_after_scroll event handler that will be executed when the user moves to the other track and will get the sales of this track.

This example explains the principle of form events usage.

The order of triggering of events depends on the type of event.

There are three type of

The order in which events are generated depends on the type of event.

Close query events

When user tries to close the form the on_close_query event is first triggered (if defined) for the item.

If the event handler returns true the application closes the form, else if the event handler returns false the application leaves the form open, otherwise the on_close_query event is triggered (if defined) the same way for the item group and then for the task.

For example, by default there is the on_edit_form_close_query event handler in the task client module:

function on_edit_form_close_query(item) {
    var result = true;
    if (!item.virtual_table && item.is_changing()) {
        if (item.is_modified()) {
            item.yes_no_cancel(task.language.save_changes,
                function() {
                    item.apply_record();
                },
                function() {
                    item.cancel_edit();
                }
            );
            result = false;
        }
        else {
            item.cancel_edit();
        }
    }
    return result;
}

This code checks whether the record has been modified and then opens “Yes No Cancel” dialog.

If we want to close the form without this dialog we can defined the following event handler in the client module of the item:

function on_edit_form_close_query(item) {
    item.cancel()
    return true;
}
Keydown, keyup events

These events are triggered the same way as Close query events, starting from the item, but if the event handler returns true, the event handlers of the group and task are not executed.

For example, by default there is the on_edit_form_keyup event handler in the task client module:

function on_edit_form_keyup(item, event) {
    if (event.keyCode === 13 && event.ctrlKey === true){
        item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").focus();
        item.apply_record();
    }
}

This code saves the changes of the record to the database table when user presses Ctrl+Enter.

Suppose we want to save the changes when user presses Enter. Then we write the following event handler in the item client module:

function on_edit_form_keyup(item, event) {
    if (event.keyCode === 13){
        item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").focus();
        item.apply_record();
        return true;
    }
}

In this case the event handler of the task won’t be called when the user press Enter.

All other events

For other events, the event handler of the task is called first, if it doesn’t return true, the event handler of the group is executed if it doesn’t return true the event handler of the item is called.

This mechanism is implemented the _process_event method of the Item class in the jam.js module.

_process_event: function(form_type, event_type, e) {
  var event = 'on_' + form_type + '_form_' + event_type,
      can_close;
  if (event_type === 'close_query') {
      if (this[event]) {
          can_close = this[event].call(this, this);
      }
      if (!this.master && can_close === undefined && this.owner[event]) {
          can_close = this.owner[event].call(this, this);
      }
      if (can_close === undefined && this.task[event]) {
          can_close = this.task[event].call(this, this);
      }
      return can_close;
  }
  else if (event_type === 'keyup' || event_type === 'keydown') {
      if (this[event]) {
          if (this[event].call(this, this, e)) return;
      }
      if (!this.master && this.owner[event]) {
          if (this.owner[event].call(this, this, e)) return;
      }
      if (this.task[event]) {
          if (this.task[event].call(this, this, e)) return;
      }
  }
  else {
      if (this.task[event]) {
          if (this.task[event].call(this, this)) return;
      }
      if (!this.master && this.owner[event]) {
          if (this.owner[event].call(this, this)) return;
      }
      if (this[event]) {
          if (this[event].call(this, this)) return;
      }
  }
}

Form options

For each type of form an item has an attribute that controls the modal form behavior:

This is an object that has the following attributes, specifing parameters of the modal form:

  • width - the width of the modal form, the default value is 560 px,

  • title - the title of the modal form, the default value is the value of a item_caption attribute,

  • close_button - if true, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form, the default value is true,

  • close_caption - if true and close_button is true, will display ‘Close - [Esc]’ near the button

  • close_on_escape - if true, pressing on the Escape key will trigger the corresponding close_form method.

  • close_focusout - if true, the corresponding close_form method will be called when a form loses focus

  • template_class - if specified, the div with this class will be searched in the task templates attribute and used as a form html template when creating a form

The edit_options has a fields attribute, that specify a list of field names that the create_inputs method will use, if fields attribute of its options parameter is not specified, the default value is a list of field names set in the Edit Form Dialog in the Application builder.

The view_options has a fields attribute, that specify a list of field names that the create_table method will use, if fields attribute of its options parameter is not specified, the default value is a list of field names set in the View Form Dialog in the Application builder.

The width of the modal form, created in the following example, will be 700 px.

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_options.width = 700;
}

Form examples

Currently, the Framework uses Bootstrap 2 with a simple and easy to use grid system that uses 12 columns and allows you to create any kind of layouts. It is responsive and have many components, such as dropdowns, dropdown buttons, button groups, navs, navbars, tabs, breadcrumbs, badges, progress bars, etc.

Default edit form template

This template is used for creating edit forms, if an item and its owner don’t have their own edit form template

<div class="default-edit default-details-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="edit-body">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn btn-ary expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

The event below is located in the task client module and is triggered for any item whose edit form has just been created.

It uses the create_inputs method to create inputs in the div with class “edit-body”. But before that it checks if init_inputs function is defined in the item’s client module, that can be used to specify the options parameter of the method.

It uses the create_inputs method to create input controls in the div with the “edit-body” class. But before that, it checks whether the init_inputs function is defined in the client module of the element, which can be used to specify the method options.

It then assigns the jQuery events to the OK and Cancel buttons.

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    var options = {
            col_count: 1
        };

    if (item.init_inputs) {
        item.init_inputs(item, options);
    }

    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find(".edit-body"), options);

    item.edit_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click.task', function(e) {
        item.cancel_edit(e)
    });
    item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task', function() {
        item.apply_record()
    });
}

The edit form for Albums catalog looks as follows:

Default edit form template

Note

If there are no buttons with the corresponding ids, the code above does not generate exceptions.

If you want to overwrite JQuery events for buttons declared in the client module of the task, in the corresponding event of the client module of the item, you can do this using the jQuery off method:

item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn")
    .off('click.task')
    .on('click', function() { some_other_function(item) });

If there is no corresponding container in the form, the create_inputs method does nothing.

Edit form template with tabs

This example uses the Boostrap tabs:

<div class="customers-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <ul class="nav nav-tabs" id="customer-tabs">
            <li class="active"><a href="#cust-name">Customer</a></li>
            <li><a href="#cust-address">Address</a></li>
            <li><a href="#cust-contact">Contact</a></li>
        </ul>
        <div class="tab-content">
            <div class="tab-pane active" id="cust-name">
            </div>
            <div class="tab-pane" id="cust-address">
            </div>
            <div class="tab-pane" id="cust-contact">
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn btn-ary expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

The following event handler is declared in the Customers item client module. It creates input controls for panes, corresponding to tabs:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_form.find('#customer-tabs a').click(function (e) {
      e.preventDefault();
      $(this).tab('show');
    });
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#cust-name"),
        {fields: ['firstname', 'lastname', 'company', 'support_rep_id']}
    );
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#cust-address"),
        {fields: ['country', 'state', 'address', 'postalcode']}
    );
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#cust-contact"),
        {fields: ['phone', 'fax', 'email']}
    );
}
Edit form template with tabs
Edit form template using grid layout

This example uses the Boostrap grid system:

<div class="tracks-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="row-fluid">
            <div id="edit-top" class="span12 edit-border"></div>
        </div>
        <div class="row-fluid">
            <div id="edit-left" class="span6 edit-border"></div>
            <div id="edit-right" class="span6 edit-border"></div>
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn btn-ary expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_options.width = 900;
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#edit-top"), {fields: ['name']});
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#edit-left"), {
        fields: ['album', 'artist', 'composer', 'media_type'],
        label_width: 90
    });
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find("#edit-right"), {
        fields: ['genre', 'milliseconds', 'bytes', 'unitprice'],
        label_width: 90
    });
}
Edit form template using grid layout
Catalogs view form template

In this example there is a div with class “form-header”.

The element with id “form-title” is used in the on_view_form_created method of the task to display the caption of an item and assign to it a JQuery onclick event to execute view method to recreate the view form.

The elements with id “selected-div” and “search-form” are used in the on_view_form_created of the catalogs group to display current value of a lookup field when the right button is clicked to select a value and to implement search functionality of catalogs correspondingly

The div with class “view-table” is used in the on_view_form_created event handler of the task to create a table to display item’s data by using create_table method:

if (item.view_form.find(".view-table").length) {
    if (item.init_table) {
        item.init_table(item, table_options);
    }
    item.create_table(item.view_form.find(".view-table"), table_options);
    item.open(true);
}

The div with id “report-btn” is used in the on_view_form_created event handler of the task to fill dropdown button menu items with reports defined in the Reports Dialog of the item (if they exist).

<div class="catalogs-view">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="form-header">
            <h4 id="form-title" class="header-text"><a href="#"></a></h4>
            <h5 id="selected-div" class="header-text" style="display: none">
                <a id="selected-value" href="#"></a>
            </h5>
            <form id="search-form" class="form-inline pull-right">
                <label  class="control-label" for="search-input">Search by
                    <span class="label" id="search-fieldname"></span>
                </label>
                <input id="search-input" type="text" class="input-medium search-query" autocomplete="off">
                <a id="search-field-info" href="#" tabindex="-1">
                    <span class="badge">?</span>
                </a>
            </form>
        </div>
        <div class="view-table">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button id="delete-btn" class="btn expanded-btn pull-left" type="button">
            <i class="icon-trash"></i> Delete<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Del]</small>
        </button>
        <div id="report-btn" class="btn-group dropup">
            <a class="btn expanded-btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#">
                <i class="icon-print"></i> Reports
                <span class="caret"></span>
            </a>
            <ul class="dropdown-menu bottom-up">
            </ul>
        </div>
        <button id="edit-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
            <i class="icon-edit"></i> Edit
        </button>
        <button id="new-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
            <i class="icon-plus"></i> New<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Ins]</small>
        </button>
    </div>
</div>
Catalogs view form template
View form template with buttons at the top

In this example the form footer div is removed and buttons are placed to the form header div. The Actions dropdown button is created. The code is the same as in previous example.

<div class="customers-view">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="form-header">
            <h4 id="form-title" class="header-text"><a href="#"></a></h4>
            <h5 id="selected-div" class="header-text" style="display: none">
                <a id="selected-value" href="#"></a>
            </h5>
            <div class="btn-group">
                <a class="btn expanded-btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#">
                    Action
                    <span class="caret"></span>
                </a>
                <ul class="dropdown-menu">
                    <li><a id="new-btn" href="#">
                        <i class="icon-plus"></i> New<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Ins]</small>
                    </a></li>
                    <li><a id="edit-btn" href="#">
                        <i class="icon-edit"></i> Edit
                    </a></li>
                    <li class="divider"></li>
                    <li><a id="delete-btn" href="#">
                        <i class="icon-trash"></i> Delete<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Del]</small>
                    </a></li>
                </ul>
            </div>
            <div id="report-btn" class="btn-group dropup">
                <a class="btn expanded-btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#">
                    <i class="icon-print"></i> Reports
                    <span class="caret"></span>
                </a>
                <ul class="dropdown-menu bottom-up">
                </ul>
            </div>
            <button style="display: none" id="email-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
                <i class="icon-pencil"></i> Send email
            </button>
            <button style="display: none" id="print-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
                <i class="icon-print"></i> Print
            </button>
            <form id="search-form" class="form-inline pull-right">
                <label  class="control-label" for="search-input">Search by
                    <span class="label" id="search-fieldname"></span>
                </label>
                <input id="search-input" type="text" class="input-medium search-query" autocomplete="off">
                <a id="search-field-info" href="#" tabindex="-1">
                    <span class="badge">?</span>
                </a>
            </form>
        </div>
        <div class="view-table">
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
View form template with buttons at the top
View form template with detail

In this example the div with class “view-table” is removed and added two divs “view-master” and “view-detail” tables for master and detail items are created in the on_view_form_created event handler declared in the client module of Invoices journal:

function on_view_form_created(item) {
    var height = $(window).height() - $('body').height() - 200 - 10;

    if (height < 200) {
        height = 200;
    }

    item.filters.invoicedate1.value = new Date(new Date().setYear(new Date().getFullYear() - 1));

    item.create_table(item.view_form.find(".view-master"), {
        height: height,
        sortable: true,
        show_footer: true,
        row_callback: function(row, it) {
            var font_weight = 'normal';
            if (it.total.value > 10) {
                font_weight = 'bold';
            }
            row.find('td.total').css('font-weight', font_weight);
        }
    });

    item.invoice_table.create_table(item.view_form.find(".view-detail"), {
            height: 200 - 4,
            dblclick_edit: false,
            column_width: {'track': '25%', 'album': '25%', 'artists': '10%'}
    });

    item.open(true);
}
<div class="invoices-view">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="form-header">
            <h4 id="form-title" class="header-text"><a href="#"></a></h4>
            <h5 id="filter-text" class="header-text pull-right"></h5>
        </div>
        <div class="view-master">
        </div>
        <div class="view-detail" style="margin-top: 4px; margin-bottom: 4px">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button id="delete-btn" class="btn expanded-btn pull-left" type="button">
            <i class="icon-trash"></i> Delete<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Del]</small>
        </button>
        <div id="report-btn" class="btn-group dropup">
            <a class="btn expanded-btn dropdown-toggle" data-toggle="dropdown" href="#">
                <i class="icon-print"></i> Reports
                <span class="caret"></span>
            </a>
            <ul class="dropdown-menu bottom-up">
            </ul>
        </div>
        <button id="filter-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
            <i class="icon-filter"></i> Filter
        </button>
        <button id="edit-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
            <i class="icon-edit"></i> Edit
        </button>
        <button id="new-btn" class="btn expanded-btn" type="button">
            <i class="icon-plus"></i> New<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Ins]</small>
        </button>
    </div>
</div>
Invoices view form template

Data-aware controls

To create a table to display an item’s dataset use create_table method:

item.create_table(item.view_form.find(".view-table"), table_options);

To create data controls to edit fields of the of the dataset use create_inputs method:

item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find(".edit-body"), input_options);

These methods have two parameters - container and options. The first parameter is a JQuery container in which the controls will be placed. The second - options, satisfying the way the data will be displayed. For detailed information see their API reference.

The methods are usually used in the on_view_form_created and on_edit_form_created event handlers.

All visual controls (tables, inputs, checkboxes), created by this methods are data-aware. This means that they immediately reflect any changes of the item dataset.

Sometimes it is necessary to disable this interaction. To do so use the disable_controls and enable_controls methods respectively.

Videos

Data aware controls

Data programming

Dataset

Jam.py framework uses a dataset concept that is very close to datasets of Embarcadero Delphi.

Note

There are other ways to read and modify the database data. You can use the connect method of the task to get a connection from the connection pool and use the connection to get access to the database using Python Database API.

All items with item_type “item” or “table” as well as their details (see Task tree) can access data from associated tables from the project database and write changes to it. They all are objects of the Item class

Both of these classes have the same attributes, methods, and events associated with the data handling.

To get a dataset (a set of records) from the project dataset table, use the open method. This method, based on parameters, generates an SQL query to get a dataset.

After dataset is opened, the application can navigate it, change its records or insert new ones and write changes to the item’s database table.

For example, the following functions will set support_rep_id field values to the values of the id field on the client and server respectively:

function set_support_id(customers) {
    customers.open();
    while (!customers.eof()) {
        customers.edit();
        customers.support_rep_id.value = customers.id.value;
        customers.post();
        customers.next();
    }
    customers.apply();
}
def set_support_id(customers):
    customers.open()
    while not customers.eof():
        customers.edit()
        customers.support_rep_id.value = customers.id.value
        customers.post()
        customers.next()
    customers.apply();

These functions get the customers item as a parameter. Then the open method is used to get a list of records from the customers table and each record is modified. In the end the changes are saved in the database table, using the apply method (see Modifying datasets ).

Note

There is a shorter way to navigate a dataset (see Navigating datasets ). For example, in python, the following loops are equivalent:

while not customers.eof():
    print customers.firstname.value
    customers.next()

for c in customers:
    print c.firstname.value
Videos

Datasets and Datasets Part 2 demonstrate almost all methods of working with datasets on specific examples

Modifying datasets

When an application opens an item dataset, the dataset automatically enters browse state. Browsing enables you to view records in a dataset, but you cannot edit records or insert new records. You mainly use browse state to scroll from record to record in a dataset.

For more information about scrolling from record to record, see Navigating datasets.

From browse state all other dataset states can be set. For example, calling the insert or append methods changes its state from browse to insert.

Two methods can return a dataset to browse state. Cancel ends the current edit, insert, and returns a dataset to browse state. Post writes changes to the dataset, and if successful, also returns a dataset to browse state. If this operations fail, the current state remains unchanged.

To check an item dataset state use item_state attribute or is_new is_edited or is_changing methods:

Client

Server

Description

item_state

item_state

Indicates the current operating state of the item dataset.

is_new

is_new

Returns true if the item dataset is in insert state.

is_edited

is_edited

Returns true if the item dataset is in edit state.

is_changing

is_changing

Returns true if the item dataset is in insert or edit state.

You can use the following item methods to insert, update, and delete data in dataset:

Client

Server

Description

edit

edit

Puts the item dataset into edit state.

append

append

Appends a record to the end of the dataset, and puts the dataset in insert state.

insert

insert

Inserts a record at the beginning of the dataset, and puts the dataset in insert state.

post

post

Saves the new or altered record, and puts the dataset in browse state.

cancel

cancel

Cancels the current operation and puts the dataset in browse state.

delete

delete

Deletes the current record and puts the dataset in browse state.

All changes made to the dataset are stored in memory, the item records changes to change log. Thus, after all the changes have been made, they can be stored in the associated database table by calling the apply method. The apply method generates and executes SQL query to save changes to the database.

Client

Server

Description

log_changes

log_changes

Indicates whether to log data changes.

apply

apply

Sends all updated, inserted, and deleted records from the item dataset to the server for writing to the database.

Fields

All items, working with database table data have a fields attribute - a list of field objects, which are used to represent fields in item’s table records.

Every field have the following attributes:

Client

Server

Description

owner

owner

The item that owns this field.

field_name

field_name

The name of the field that will be used in programming code to get access to the field object.

field_caption

field_caption

The name of the field that appears to users.

field_type

field_type

Type of the field, one of the following values: text, integer, float, currency, date, datetime, boolean, blob.

field_size

field_size

A size of the field with type text

required

required

Specifies whether a nonblank value for a field is required.

To get access to the item dataset data, the Field class have the following properties:

Client

Server

Description

value

value

Use this property to get or set the field’s value of the current record. When reading the value is converted to the type of the field. So for fields of type integer, float and currency, if value for this field in database table record is NULL, value of this property is 0. To get unconverted value use the raw_value property.

text

text

Use this property to get or set the value of the field as text.

lookup_value

lookup_value

Use this property to get or set lookup value, see Lookup fields.

lookup_text

lookup_text

Use this property to get or set the lookup value of the field as text, see Lookup fields.

display_text

display_text

Represents the field’s value as it is displayed in data-aware controls. When the field is a lookup field it’s value is the lookup_text value, otherwise it is the text value, with regard of project locale parameters. This behavior can be overridden by the on_field_get_text event handler of the item that owns the field.

raw_value

raw_value

Use this property to get field value of the current record as it is stored in database. No conversion is used.

In addition every field is an attribute of the item that owns it. So, to get access to a field of an item use the following syntax: item.field_name

invoices.total.value

invoices.total is the reference to the Total field of the Invoices item and the invoices.total.value is the value of this field

Below are the values of the attributes of the fields of the invoices item in the Demo project

customer integer
   value:  2
   text:  2
   lookup_value:  Köhler
   lookup_text:  Köhler
   display_text:  Leonie Köhler
firstname integer
   value:  2
   text:  2
   lookup_value:  Leonie
   lookup_text:  Leonie
   display_text:  Leonie
billing_address integer
   value:  2
   text:  2
   lookup_value:  Theodor-Heuss-Straße 34
   lookup_text:  Theodor-Heuss-Straße 34
   display_text:  Theodor-Heuss-Straße 34
id integer
   value:  1
   text:  1
   lookup_value:  None
   lookup_text:
   display_text:  1
date date
   value:  2014-01-01
   text:  01/01/2014
   lookup_value:  None
   lookup_text:
   display_text:  01/01/2014
total currency
   value:  2.08
   text:  $2.08
   lookup_value:  None
   lookup_text:
   display_text:  $2.08

Common fields

Items that have access to the database data can have common fields. They are defined in the group they belong to:

Common fields

Here two fields are defined: id and deleted.

The id field is set as a primary key and will store a unique identifier for each record in the database table. This value is automatically generated by the framework when inserting a new record into the table.

The deleted field is set as a deletion flag. When the ‘Soft delete’ check-box is checked in the Item Editor Dialog, the delete method does not erase a record physically from the table, but uses this field to mark the record as deleted. The open method takes this into account when an SQL query is generated to get records from the database table.

For detail groups two more fields could be defined — master_id and master_rec_id. They are used to link detail records to the a record in master table, see Details.

Lookup fields

A lookup field can display a user friendly value that is bound to another value in the another table or value list. For example, the lookup field can display a customer name that is bound to a respective customer ID number in another item’s table or list.

When entering a value in the lookup field the user chooses from a list of values. This can make data entry quicker and more accurate.

The two types of lookup fields that you can create are a lookup field, based on lookup item, and a value list.

Lookup item based lookup field

In the framework you can add a field to an item to look up information in another item’s table. For example in the Demo application Albums catalog there is the Artist lookup field.

albums_edit_form.png

To set the value of the field the user must click on the button to the right of the field input and select a record from the ‘’Artists’’ catalog that will appear. Then the value of this field will be the id of the record. The other way to set value of the field is to use typeahead, if Typeahead flag is set in the Field Editor Dialog:

Lookup field

For such fields Lookup item and Lookup field must be specified in the Field Editor Dialog:

The SQL query that is generated on the server, when the open method is called and expanded parameter is set to true (default), uses JOIN clause to get lookup values for such fields. Thus each such field has a pair of values: the first value stores a reference to a record in the lookup item table (the value of its primary key field), and the second value have the value of the lookup field in this record.

To get access to this values use the following properties of lookup fields:

Client

Server

Description

value

value

A value, that is stored in the item table, that is a reference to a record in the lookup item table.

lookup_value

lookup_value

A value of the lookup field in the lookup item table.

Sometimes there is a need to have two or more values from the same record in the lookup item table. For example, the “”Invoices” journal in Demo has several lookup fields (“Customer”, “Billing Address”, “Billing City”, and so on) that have information about a customer, all stored in one record in the “Customers” item table, describing that customer. In order to avoid creating unnecessary fields in the “Invoices” item table, storing the same reference to a record, and creating JOIN s for each such field, all lookup fields except “Customers” have Master field value pointing to the “Customers” field. These fields don’t have corresponding fields in the items’ underlying database table. Their value property is always equal to the value property of the master field and the SQL query that is generated on the server, when the open method is called, uses one JOIN clause for all this fields.

Master field example

When user clicks on the button to the right of the field input or uses typeahead, the application creates a copy of the lookup item of the field, sets its lookup_field attribute to the field. and triggers on_field_select_value event. Write this event handler to specify fields that will be displayed, set up filters for the lookup item, before it will be opened and displayed for a user to select a value for the field.

The lookup field in the lookup item can also be a lookup field, for example:

tracks_lookup_field.png

To set up such a field use Lookup field 2 and Lookup field 3 attributes.

Value list

Sometimes a source of a lookup field can be defined as a value list. For example, a MediaType field in the Tracks catalog of the Demo project has a Lookup value list attribute set to the MediaTypes lookup list:

MediaType field definition

Use the Lookup List Dialog of the task to define such lookup lists.

See also

Lookup fields

Lookup lists

Filtering records

There are three ways to define what records an item dataset will get from the database table when the open method is called:

  • to specify where parameter (option) of the open method,

  • call the set_where method, before calling the open method,

  • or use filters.

When where parameter is specified, it is always used even if the set_where method was called or item has filters whose values have been set.

When where parameter is omitted the parameter passed to the set_where method are used.

For example on the client in the following code in the first call of the open method the where option will be used to filter records, in the second call the parameters passed to set_where and only the third time the value of invoicedate1 filter will be used

function test(invoices) {
    var date = new Date(new Date().setYear(new Date().getFullYear() - 1));

    invoices.clear_filters();
    invoices.filters.invoicedate1.value = date;

    invoices.open({where: {invoicedate__ge: date}});

    invoices.set_where({invoicedate__ge: date});
    invoices.open();

    invoices.open();
}


date = datetime.datetime.now() - datetime.timedelta(days=3*365)

The same code on the server looks the following way:

from datetime import datetime

def test(invoices):
    date = datetime.now()
    date = date.replace(year=date.year-1)

    invoices.clear_filters()
    invoices.filters.invoicedate1.value = date

    invoices.open(where={'invoicedate__ge': date})

    invoices.set_where(invoicedate__ge=date)
    invoices.open()

    invoices.open()

In the framework, the following symbols and corresponding constants are defined to filter records:

Filter type

Filter symbol

Constant

SQL Operator

EQ

‘eq’

FILTER_EQ

=

NE

‘ne’

FILTER_NE

<>

LT

‘lt’

FILTER_LT

<

LE

‘le’

FILTER_LE

<=

GT

‘gt’

FILTER_GT

>

GE

‘ge’

FILTER_GE

>=

IN

‘in’

FILTER_IN

IN

NOT IN

‘not_in’

FILTER_NOT_IN

NOT IN

RANGE

‘range’

FILTER_RANGE

BETWEEN

ISNULL

‘isnull’

FILTER_ISNULL

IS NULL

EXACT

‘exact’

FILTER_EXACT

=

CONTAINS

‘contains’

FILTER_CONTAINS

uses LIKE with the “%” sign to find records where field value contains a search string

STARTWITH

‘startwith’

FILTER_STARTWITH

uses LIKE with the “%” sign to find records where field value starts with a search string

ENDWITH

‘endwith’

FILTER_ENDWITH

uses LIKE with the “%” sign to find records where field value ends with a search string

CONTAINS ALL

‘contains_all’

FILTER_CONTAINS_ALL

uses LIKE with the “%” sign to find records where field value contains all words of a search string

The where the parameter of the open method is a dictionary, whose keys are the names of the fields that are followed, after double underscore, by a filter symbol. For EQ filter the filtering symbol ‘__eq’ can be omitted. For example {'id': 100} is equivalent to {'id__eq': 100}.

See also

Dataset

Filters

Client

open

set_where

Server

open

set_where

Filters

For each item that have access to a database table a list of filter objects can be created.

To create filters use an Filters Dialog of the Application builder.

Filters provide a convenient way for users to visually specify parameters of the request made by the application to the project database

Each filter has the following attributes:

  • owner – an item that owners this filter,

  • filter_name — the name of the filter that can be used in programming code

  • filter_caption - the name of the filter used in the visual representation in the client application,

  • filter_type — type of the filter, see Filtering records,

  • visible — if the value of this attribute is true, a visual representation of this filter will be created by the create_filter_inputs method, when a filters option is not specified,

  • value — a value of the filter,

All filters of the item are attributes of the filters of its object. By using filter_name we can get access to the filter object:

invoices.filters.invoicedate1.value = new Date()

Another way to get access to the filter is to use filter_by_name method:

invoices.filter_by_name('invoicedate').value = new Date()
See also

Dataset

Filtering records

Client

filters

Filter class

assign_filters

clear_filters

each_filter

filter_by_name

Server

filters

Filter class

clear_filters

filter_by_name

Details

Details are used in the framework to work with tabular data, pertaining to a record in an item’s table.

For example, the Invoices journal in the Demo application has the InvoiceTable detail, which keeps a list of tracks in an customer’s invoice.

Details and detail items share the same underlying database table.

To create a detail, you must first create a detail item (select Details group of the project tree and click on New button) and then use the Details Dialog (select item in the project tree and click on Details button) to add a detail to an item.

For example the following code

def on_created(task):
    task.invoice_table.open()
    print  task.invoice_table.record_count()

    task.invoices.open(limit=1)
        task.invoices.invoice_table.open()
    print task.invoices.invoice_table.record_count()

will print:

2259
6

Details have two common fields - master_id and master_rec_id, that are used to store information about the ID of the master (each item have its own unique ID) and the value of the primary field of the record of its master. This way each table can be linked to several items. As well as each item can have several details. To get access to details of an item use its details attribute. To get access to the master of the detail use its master attribute.

Detail class, used to create details, is an ancestor of the Item class and inherits all its attributes, methods and events.

Note

The apply method of the Detail class does nothing. To write changes made to a detail use apply method of its master.

To work with a detail its muster must be active

To make any changes to a detail its master must be in an edit or insert mode

Examples

In this example from the client module of the Invoices item of Demo project, the Invoice_table detail is reopened every time the cursor of its master moves to another record.

var ScrollTimeOut;

function on_after_scroll(item) {
    clearTimeout(ScrollTimeOut);
    ScrollTimeOut = setTimeout(
        function() {
            item.invoice_table.open(function() {});
        },
        100
    );
}

And just as an example:

from datetime import datetime, timedelta

def on_created(task):
    invoices = task.invoices.copy()
    invoices.set_where(invoicedate__gt=datetime.now()-timedelta(days=1))
    invoices.open()
    for i in invoices:
        i.invoice_table.open()
        i.edit()
        for t in i.invoice_table:
            t.edit()
            t.sales_id.value = '101010'
            t.post()
        i.post()
    invoices.apply()

The same code on the client will be as follows:

function on_page_loaded(task) {
    var date = new Date(),
        invoices = task.invoices.copy();

    invoices.set_where({invoicedate__gt: date.setDate(date.getDate() - 1)});
    invoices.open();
    invoices.each(function(i) {
        i.invoice_table.open();
        i.edit();
        i.invoice_table.each(function(t) {
            t.edit();
            t.sales_id.value = '101010';
            t.post();
        });
        i.post();
    });
    invoices.apply();
}

Server side programming

In most cases, the client sends a request to the server when following methods of an item are executed:

In these cases the client sends to the server the ID of the item’s task, the ID of the item, the type of the request and its parameters.

The server on receiving the request, based on passed IDs, finds the task (it can be Project task or Application builder task) and the item on the server, executes the corresponding method with passed parameters and returns the result of the execution to the client. The server method can trigger events that can modify its default behavior.

Every item of the task tree have the environ and session attributes that store context of the current request.

The most common server events are:

  • on_created - The event is triggered by the task when it has just been created by the server application. It can be used to initialize the project.

  • on_apply events - These events are triggered when the apply method of the item is called on the client or the server

  • on_open_events - These events are triggered when the open method of the item is called on the client or the server

  • on_generate - “The event is triggered when the print method of a report is called on the client.

Note

Note that the task tree on the server is immutable, you can not change the attributes of the items in the task tree.

You must use the copy method to create a copy of an item. This copy is an exact copy of an item at the time of creating of the task tree. It is not added to the task tree and will be destroyed by Python garbage collector when no longer needed.

on_apply events

When the apply method of the item is called on the client or the server, the server application, by default, generates SQL query, based on changes made to the dataset and executes it.

This behavior can be changed by writing an on_apply event handler in the item server module.

Sometimes it becomes necessary to execute some code, when changes are saved, for all items. In this case the on_apply event handler of the task (declared in the task server module) can be used.

The following code describes how these events are handled:

#...
result = None
if self.task.on_apply:
    result = self.task.on_apply(self, delta, params, connection)
if result is None and self.on_apply:
    result = self.on_apply(self, delta, params, connection)
if result is None:
    result = self.apply_delta(delta, params, connection)
#...
return result

It checks if the task has an on_apply event handler. If the on_apply event handler is declared in the task server module, it is executed.

If the on_apply event handler of the task is not declared or the result of the event handler returns None, the method checks whether the item has an on_apply event handler. If it is declared in the item server module, it is executed.

If the result returned by the item event handler is None, the apply_delta method of the item is called that generates SQL query, execute it and returns the result

Example

Here is an example how on_apply can be used

on_open_events

When the open method of the item is called on the client or the server, the server application executes the following code:

result = None
if self.task.on_open:
    result = self.task.on_open(self, params)
if result is None and self.on_open:
    result = self.on_open(self, params)
if result is None:
    result = self.execute_open(params)

It checks if the task has an on_open event handler. If the on_open event handler is declared in the task server module, it is executed.

If the on_open event handler of the task is not declared or the result of the event handler returns None, the method checks whether the item has an on_open event handler. If it is declared in the item server module, it is executed.

If the result returned by the item event handler is None, the execute_open method of the item is called that generates SQL query, execute it and returns the result

Example

Here is an example how on_open can be used

Programming reports

Report templates

To create a report, you must first prepare a report template in LibreOffice Calc.

The template files are located in the report folder of the project directory.

The following figure shows a template of the Invoice report.

Invoice report template

Reports in Jam.py are band-oriented.

Each report template is divided into bands. To set bands use the leftmost column of a template spreadsheet.

In the Invoice report template there are three bands: title, detail and summary.

In addition, templates can have programmable cells.

For example, in the template of Invoice report the I7 cell contains the text %(date)s.

Programmable cell begins with %, then follows the name of the cell in the parenthesis which is followed by character s.

Creating a report

To add a new report to Jam.py project, choose the Reports node in the project tree, the click the New button and fill in the caption, name and the template file name of the report.

Creating a report

If a visible checkbox is set, the default code adds the report to the Reports menu of the project.

Report parameters

You can specify the parameters of the report. For example, the Customer purchases report of the Demo project have three parameters.

Report parameters

To add or change a report parameter click Report params button in the left panel of the Application builder. A form will appear displaying the list of existing parameters. Then click New or Edit button of the form to add or change the parameter.

Report param

In the dialog box fill in:

  • Caption - the name of the parameter that appears to users

  • Name - the name of the parameter will be used in programming code to get access to the parameter object.

  • Type - the data type of the parameter

  • Visible - the client application creates a form to specify the parameters before printing the report. If this checkbox is checked, the input element for this parameter will appear in the form

  • Required - if this checkbox is checked and Visible attribute is set, the client application will require a users to specify the parameter value before printing the report

  • Align - specifies how a value of the parameter will be aligned in the input element

You can create a lookup parameter, For example, the Customer purchases report has a Customer parameter that can be selected from Customers catalog:

Lookup parameter

In this case you should specify

  • Lookup item - the item to select the parameter value from

  • Lookup field - the field in the lookup item

Form for setting the parameters of Customer purchases report is as follows:

Customer purchases parameters example

Client-side report programming

To print a report on the client use the print method.

As a result of calling this function, the client calls create_param_form method to create a form for editing the report parameters, based on the html template defined in the index.html file (see Forms).

This method, after creating the form, triggers the following events:

The default code has the on_param_form_created event handler, defined for the task. In this event, the click on the Print button is connected to the report’s process_report method.

function on_param_form_created(item) {
    item.create_param_inputs(item.param_form.find(".edit-body"));
    item.param_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task', function() {
        item.process_report()
    });
    item.param_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click.task', function() {
        item.close_param_form()
    });
}

In its turn the process_report method triggers

In this event handlers developer can define some common (report group event handler) or specific (report event handler) attributes of the report.

For example, in the default code, there is the on_before_print_report event handler of the report group, in which report’s extension attribute is defined:

function on_before_print_report(report) {
    var select;
    report.extension = 'pdf';
    if (report.param_form) {
        select = report.param_form.find('select');
        if (select && select.val()) {
            report.extension = select.val();
        }
    }
}

In the following event handler, defined in the client module of the invoice report of the Demo application, the value of the report id parameter is set:

function on_before_print_report(report) {
    report.id.value = report.task.invoices.id.value;
}

After that the process_report method sends asynchronous request to the server to generate the report (see Server-side programming).

The server returns to the method an url to a file with generated report.

The method then checks if the on_open_report event handler of the report group is defined. If this events handler if defined calls it, otherwise checks the on_open_report of the report. If it is defined then calls it.

If none of this events are defined, it (depending on the report extension attribute) opens the report in the browser or saves it to disc.

Server-side report programming

When a server gets a request from a client to generate report, it first of all creates a copy of the report and then this copy calls the generate method.

This method triggers the on_before_generate event. In this event handler developer should write a code that generates the content of the report.

For example for the invoice report of the Demo application this event is as follows:

def on_generate(report):
    invoices = report.task.invoices.copy()
    invoices.set_where(id=report.id.value)
    invoices.open()

    customer = invoices.firstname.display_text + ' ' + invoices.customer.display_text
    address = invoices.billing_address.display_text
    city = invoices.billing_city.display_text + ' ' + invoices.billing_state.display_text + ' ' + \
        invoices.billing_country.display_text
    date = invoices.invoicedate.display_text
    shipped = invoices.billing_address.display_text + ' ' + invoices.billing_city.display_text + ' ' + \
        invoices.billing_state.display_text + ' ' + invoices.billing_country.display_text
    taxrate = invoices.taxrate.display_text
    report.print_band('title', locals())

    tracks = invoices.invoice_table
    tracks.open()
    for t in tracks:
        quantity = t.quantity.display_text
        track = t.track.display_text
        unitprice = t.unitprice.display_text
        sum = t.amount.display_text
        report.print_band('detail', locals())

    subtotal = invoices.subtotal.display_text
    tax = invoices.tax.display_text
    total = invoices.total.display_text
    report.print_band('summary', locals())

First, we use the copy method to create a copy of the invoices journal.

invoices = report.task.invoices.copy()

We create the copiy because multiple users can simultaneously generate the same report in parallel threads.

Then we call the set_where method of the copy:

invoices.set_where(id=report.id.value)

where report.id.value is report id parameter, the value of which we set in the on_before_print_report event handler on the client and which is equal to the current id field value of the invoice journal.

Then, using the open method, we obtain the records on the server. After that the print_band method is used to print title band:

report.print_band('title', locals())

But before that we assign values to four local variables: customer, address, city and date that correspond to programmable cells in the title band in the report template.

Then the same way we generate detail and summary bands.

When the report is generated and the value of report extension attribute, set on the client, is not equals ‘pdf’ the server converts the ods file using LibreOffice.

Once the report is generated it is stored in a report folder of the static directory and the server sends the client the report file url.

Jam.py FAQ

What is the difference between catalogs and journals

When a new project is created, its task tree has the following groups: Catalogs, Journals, Details and Reports.

Catalogs and Journals belong to the Item Group type and have the same functional purpose. See Groups.

We created them to distinguish between two types of data items:

  • data items that contain information of catalog type such as customers, organizations, tracks, etc. - Catalogs

  • data items that store information about events recorded in some documents, such as invoices, purchase orders, etc. - Journals

Howto upgrade an already created project to a new version of jampy?

To upgrade an existing project to a new package you must update the package.

You can do it using pip.

If you’re using Linux, Mac OS X or some other flavour of Unix, enter the command:

sudo pip install --upgrade jam.py

If you’re using Windows, start a command shell with administrator privileges and run the command

pip install --upgrade jam.py

What are foreign keys used for?

Foreign keys that you can create in the Application Builder prevent deletion of a record in the lookup table if a reference to it is stored in the lookup field.

For example, when a foreign key is created on the “Customer” field for “Invoices” item, user won’t be able to delete a customer in “Customers” catalog if a reference to it is stored in “Invoices”.

The soft delete attribute of the lookup item must be set to false (see Item Editor Dialog ) for the lookup field to appear in the Foreign Keys Dialog

Can I use other libraries in my application

You can add javascript libraries to use them for programming on the client side.

It is better to place them in the js folders of the static directory of the project. And refer to them using the src attribute in the <script> tag of the Index.html file.

For example, Demo project uses Chart.js library to create a dashboard:

<script src="/static/js/Chart.min.js"></script>

On the server side you can import python libraries to your modules.

For exapmple the mail item server module import smtplib library to send emails:

import smtplib

When printing a report I get an ods file instead of pdf

When a report is generated the server application first creates an ods file.

If extension attribute of the report is set to ‘pdf’ or any other format except ‘ods’, the application first creates an ods file and then uses LibreOffice in “headless” mode to convert the ods file to that format.

If LibreOffice is currently running on the server this conversion may not happen. You must close LibreOffice on the server for the conversion to take place.

How to

Here is a useful code that you can use in your applications:

How to implement a many-to-many relationship

How to migrate development to production

Migrating development to production is very simple in Jam.py due to the ability to export and import its metadata.

To understand the concept of metadata and the process of exporting and importing metadata, please read the topic Export/import metadata. The process of importing metadata depends on the type of project database.

New project migration

  • Create an empty database in the production enviroment

  • Run jam-project.py script to create a new project

  • Set up the server. See

  • In the browser start the Application Builder and finish the creation of the project with an empty database.

  • open Parameters dialog to set up the project. Setup the following parameters:

    • Production to true

    • Safe mode

    • Debugging to false

  • Export the metadata of the development project to a zip file in the Application Builder by clicking the Export button.

  • Import the metadata to the new project.

Note

For projects with SQLite database you can simply copy the development project folder to the production enviroment.

Existing project migration

  • Export the metadata of the development project to a zip file.

  • Import the metadata to the production project.

Note

For SQLite database, Jam.py doesn’t support importing of metadata into an existing project (project with tables in the database). You can only import metadata into a new project.

Importing metadata with server shutdown

Stop the server and copy the metadata zip file to migration folder in the project directory. If the folder doesn’t exist, create it.

Start the server. The web application, while initializing itself, will import the metadata file. You can see the information on how the file was imported in the log file in the logs folder of the project directory. If the import is successful, the zip file will be deleted.

Importing metadata without server shutdown

Click the Import button in the Application Builder.

Note

By default the web application in the process that imports the metadata waits for 5 minutes or until all previous request to the application in this process will be processed before it starts to change the database. For projects that run on multiple processes you can set the Import delay parameter in the Parameters to delay the change the database or use Importing metadata with server shutdown.

How to migrate to another database

You can mirgate your data to another database.

For example, you developed your project with SQLite database amd want to move to Postgress.

To do this, follow these steps:

  1. Create an empty Postgress database

  2. Create a new project with this database

  3. Export the metadata of the SQLite project to a zip file in the Application Builder by clicking the Export button.

  4. Import the metadata to the new project. The web application with create database structures in the Postgress database.

  5. copy data from SQlite to Postgress database using the copy_database method of the task:

    • create in the sever module of the task the following function:

      from jam.db.db_modules import SQLITE
      
      def copy_db(task):
          task.copy_database(SQLITE, '/home/work/demo/demo.sqlite')
      
    • then you can execute it one of the following ways:

      • call this function in the on_created event handler:

        from jam.db.db_modules import SQLITE
        
        def copy_db(task):
            task.copy_database(SQLITE, '/home/work/demo/demo.sqlite')
        
        def on_created(task):
          copy_db(task)
        
      • create a button in some form and use the task server method to execute it

        function on_view_form_created(item) {
          item.add_view_button('Copy DB').click(function() {
            task.server('copy_db')
          });
        }
        
      • or run from from debbuging console of the browser:

        task.server('copy_db')
        
  6. Remove the code that was used.

Note

You can not migrate to SQLite database of the current database has foreign keys

How to deploy

How to deploy project on PythonAnywhere

  • Use pip to install Jam.py. To do this, open the bash console and run the following command (for Python 3.7):

    pip3.7 install --user jam.py
    
  • Create a zip archive of your project folder, upload the archive in the Files tab and unzip it.

    We assume that you are registered as username and your project is now located in the /home/username/project_folder directory.

  • Open the Web Tab. Add a new web app. In the Code section specify

    • Source code: /home/username/project_folder

    • Working directory: /home/username/project_folder

    In the WSGI configuration file:/var/www/username_pythonanywhere_com_wsgi.py file add the following code

    import os
    import sys
    
    path = '/home/username/project_folder'
    if path not in sys.path:
        sys.path.append(path)
    
    from jam.wsgi import create_application
    application = create_application(path)
    
  • Reload the server.

A step-by-step guide to deploy a Jam.py on the AWS

This is adapted from https://devops.profitbricks.com/tutorials/install-and-configure-mod_wsgi-on-ubuntu-1604-1/

I hope someone finds it useful.

  • Create an AWS account and login

  • Go to EC2, create an instance (in this case an Ubuntu 16.04 t2.micro)

  • Download the private key when prompted

  • Convert pem to ppk using Puttygen (see: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/3190667/convert-pem-to-ppk-file-format)

  • Get EC2 instance public DNS from AWS dashboard

  • SSH into EC2 instance using Putty (pointed to the Public DNS and your ppk)

  • Username is ubuntu

  • Refresh package library:

    sudo apt-get update
    
  • Install pip:

    sudo apt-get install python3-pip
    
  • Install jam.py:

    sudo pip3 install jam.py
    
  • Install Apache:

    sudo apt-get install apache2 apache2-utils libexpat1 ssl-cert
    
  • Install mod-wsgi:

    sudo apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi-py3
    
  • Restart Apache:

    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    
  • Move here:

    cd /var/www/html/
    
  • Create directory:

    sudo mkdir [appname]
    
  • Move here:

    cd [appname]
    
  • Create app:

    sudo jam-project.py
    
  • Check it’s there:

    ls
    
  • Create the config:

    sudo nano /etc/apache2/conf-available/wsgi.conf
    
  • Paste the following

    WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/html/[appname]/wsgi.py
    WSGIPythonPath /var/www/html/[appname]
    
    <Directory /var/www/html/[appname]>
      <Files wsgi.py>
        Require all granted
      </Files>
    </Directory>
    
    Alias /static/ /var/www/html/[appname]/static/
    
    <Directory /var/www/html/[appname]/static>
      Require all granted
    </Directory>
    
  • Exit and save

  • Give file permissions to apache:

    sudo chmod 777 /var/www/html/[appname]
    
  • Give ownership to apache:

    sudo chown -R www-data:www-data /var/www
    
  • Enable wsgi:

    sudo a2enconf wsgi
    
  • Restart apache:

    sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 restart
    
  • Create security group on AWS to allow you to connect HTTP on port 80

  • Assign instance to security group

  • Test

  • If it’s not working, check the error logs to see what’s going on:

    nano /var/log/apache2/error.log
    

This was initialy published by Simon Cox on https://groups.google.com/forum/#!msg/jam-py/Zv5JfkLRFy4/22tolZ-hAQAJ

How to deploy jam-py app at Linux Apache http server?

So basically deploying straight into the ie an cloud server with open 22, 80 and 443 port. Prerequisite is a signed certificate for the DNS server name (YOUR_SERVER DNS entry from below). One can use a self signed, etc, not covering those. Also, Python installed and sudo access (or root for Linux). I have no idea at all about the MS Servers, sorry.

The App is in read only mode. You can access admin.html page, but can’t change anything. Took me some fiddling with Google Cloud server, this is a micro Ubuntu instance, plain apache2 install with apt-get.

  • Install wsgi module for Apache :

    apt-get install libapache2-mod-wsgi
    
  • Enable ssl, wsgi module for apache:

    a2enmod ssl wsgi
    
  • Create a custom file for jam-py app, ie /etc/apache2/sites-available/test.conf, for example (still wip):

    <IfModule mod_ssl.c>
      <VirtualHost YOUR_IP:443>
        ServerName YOUR_SERVER
        ServerAlias
        ServerAdmin YOUR_EMAIL
        ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/test-error-sec.log
        CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/test-access-sec.log combined
    
        #below is for cx_Oracle
        SetEnv LD_LIBRARY_PATH /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/lib
        SetEnv ORACLE_SID XE
        SetEnv ORACLE_HOME /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe
        #finish cx_Oracle
    
        DocumentRoot /var/www/html/simpleassets
    
        SSLEngine on
        SSLCertificateFile  "/etc/ssl/private/your.crt"
        SSLCertificateKeyFile  "/etc/ssl/private/your.key"
        SSLCertificateChainFile "/etc/ssl/private/your_chain.crt"
        SSLCACertificateFile   "/etc/ssl/private/your_CA.crt"
    
        WSGIDaemonProcess  web user=www-data group=www-data processes=1 threads=5
        WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/html/simpleassets/wsgi.py
    
        <Directory /var/www/html/simpleassets>
          Options +ExecCGI
          SetHandler wsgi-script
          AddHandler wsgi-script .py
    
          Order deny,allow
          Allow from all
          Require all granted
    
          <Files wsgi.py>
            Order deny,allow
            Allow from all
    
            # comment the following for ubuntu <13
            Require all granted
          </Files>
        </Directory>
    
        <Directory /var/www/html/simpleassets/static>
          # comment the following for ubuntu < 13
          Require all granted
        </Directory>
      </VirtualHost>
    </IfModule>
    

    The above file is using signed certificate your.crt with your.key, and CA, chain file obtained from CA. Please review resources on the net about certificates and the dns. You’ll need to obtain and copy those files in /etc/ssl/private folder. Change YOUR_xyz with your preference.

    The /var/www/html is the default Ubuntu folder for serving web pages.

  • Install jam-py as usual.

    I created the /var/www/html/simpleassets folder where unzipped jam-py SimpleAssets project. Follow procedure explained there how to deploy these:

    Basically, Export your project, save the zip file and copy it to your web hosting server desired folder. Copy admin.sqlite and your database as well (providing you’re using sqlite3 database). If using some other database ie mysql, you’ll need to export/import the database.

  • Enable test.conf (the above file name with no extension):

    a2ensite test; systemctl restart apache2
    

    That is it. At the moment, I’ve left port 80 as is, and jam-py is running only on https port. To debug problems, I would start with SeLinux or apparmor. With Ubuntu this might help:

    sudo /etc/init.d/apparmor stop
    

Now, here is the question of how to run TWO jam-py instances on one https server?

One possible answer to this problem is the DNS. You might decide to set your DNS to ie second_instance.YOUR_SERVER name (the above live example would be jam2.research…).

So the above test.conf file would be almost the same except YOUR_SERVER is now called second_instance.YOUR_SERVER

The /etc/apache2/sites-available/test3.conf file:

<IfModule mod_ssl.c>
  <VirtualHost YOUR_IP:443>
    ServerName second_instance.YOUR_SERVER
    ServerAlias
    ServerAdmin YOUR_EMAIL
    ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/test3-error-sec.log
    CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/test3-access-sec.log combined
    #below is for cx_Oracle
    SetEnv LD_LIBRARY_PATH /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe/lib
    SetEnv ORACLE_SID XE
    SetEnv ORACLE_HOME /u01/app/oracle/product/11.2.0/xe
    #finish cx_Oracle
    DocumentRoot /var/www/html/simpleassets3
    SSLEngine on
    SSLCertificateFile  "/etc/ssl/private/your.crt"
    SSLCertificateKeyFile  "/etc/ssl/private/your.key"
    SSLCertificateChainFile "/etc/ssl/private/your_chain.crt"
    SSLCACertificateFile   "/etc/ssl/private/your_CA.crt"

    WSGIDaemonProcess  assets3 user=www-data group=www-data processes=1 threads=5
    WSGIScriptAlias / /var/www/html/simpleassets3/wsgi.py

    <Directory /var/www/html/simpleassets3>
      Options +ExecCGI
      SetHandler wsgi-script
      AddHandler wsgi-script .py

      Order deny,allow
      Allow from all
      Require all granted

      <Files wsgi.py>
        Order deny,allow
        Allow from all

        # comment the following for ubuntu <13
        Require all granted
      </Files>
    </Directory>

    <Directory /var/www/html/simpleassets3/static>
      # comment the following for ubuntu < 13
      Require all granted
    </Directory>
  </VirtualHost>
</IfModule>

The jam-py application second_instance lives now in ie /var/www/html/simpleassets3, and WSGIDaemonProcess is adjusted to new daemon, called assets3. Everything else is almost the same.

This is possible because the SSL certificate is a * (star, or wildcard) certificate, enabling you to run multiple services on one DNS domain.

This was initialy published by Dražen Babić on https://github.com/jam-py/jam-py/issues/35

How to do with Nginx with Gunicorn?

Green Unicorn (gunicorn) is an HTTP/WSGI server designed to serve fast clients or sleepy applications. That is to say; behind a buffering front-end server such as nginx or lighttpd.

By default, gunicorn will listen on 127.0.0.1. Navigate to jam App folder, or use (ie in scripts, cron job, etc)

python /usr/bin/gunicorn --chdir /path/to/jam/App wsgi

or from /path/to/jam/App:

gunicorn wsgi
[2018-04-13 15:01:44 +0000] [8650] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.4.5
[2018-04-13 15:01:44 +0000] [8650] [INFO] Listening at: http://127.0.0.1:8000 (8650)
[2018-04-13 15:01:44 +0000] [8650] [INFO] Using worker: sync
[2018-04-13 15:01:44 +0000] [8654] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 8654
.
.

To start jam.py on all interfaces and port 8081:

gunicorn -b 0.0.0.0:8081 wsgi
[2018-04-13 15:03:34 +0000] [8680] [INFO] Starting gunicorn 19.4.5
[2018-04-13 15:03:34 +0000] [8680] [INFO] Listening at: http://0.0.0.0:8081 (8680)
[2018-04-13 15:03:34 +0000] [8680] [INFO] Using worker: sync
[2018-04-13 15:03:34 +0000] [8684] [INFO] Booting worker with pid: 8684
.
.

Spin up 5 workers if u like with –workers=5

Nginx:

comment out default location in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/default (Linux Mint):

      #location / {
              # First attempt to serve request as file, then
              # as directory, then fall back to displaying a 404.
#             try_files $uri $uri/ =404;
#     }

and add:

# Proxy connections to the application servers
 # app_servers
 location / {

     proxy_pass         http://app_servers;
     proxy_redirect     off;
     proxy_set_header   Host $host;
     proxy_set_header   X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
     proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
     proxy_set_header   X-Forwarded-Host $server_name;

 }

add in /etc/nginx/nginx.conf 127.0.0.1:8081 if this is your Gunicorn server address and port:

# Configuration containing list of application servers
upstream app_servers {
server 127.0.0.1:8081;
}

This also enables to have different App servers on different ports

Client Request ----> Nginx (Reverse-Proxy)
                        |
                       /|\
                      | | `-> App. Server I.   127.0.0.1:8081
                      |  `--> App. Server II.  127.0.0.1:8082
                       `----> App. Server III. 127.0.0.1:8083

Restart nginx and viola!

Congratulations! We can now test Nginx with Jam.py.

Now, certs:

in /etc/nginx/sites-enabled/jam we can have something like this to pass everything from http to https to 8001 port (or any other as per above):

server {
      listen 80;
      server_name YOUR_SERVER;

      access_log off;

      location /static/ {
              alias /path/to/jam/App/static/;
      }

      location / {
              proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8001;
              proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $server_name;
              proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
              add_header P3P 'CP="ALL DSP COR PSAa PSDa OUR NOR ONL UNI COM NAV"';
      }

      return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}
server {
      listen 443;
      server_name YOUR_SERVER_FQDN;

      access_log off;

      location /static/ {
              alias /path/to/jam/App/static/;
      }

      location = /favicon.ico {
              alias /path/to/jam/App/favicon.ico;
      }


      ssl on;
      ssl_certificate /etc/nginx/ssl/YOUR_SERVER.crt;
      ssl_certificate_key /etc/nginx/ssl/YOUR_SERVER.key;
      add_header Strict-Transport-Security "max-age=31536000";

      location / {
              client_max_body_size 10M;
              proxy_pass http://127.0.0.1:8001;
              proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-Host $server_name;
              proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
              add_header P3P 'CP="ALL DSP COR PSAa PSDa OUR NOR ONL UNI COM NAV"';
}

That’s it!

Congratulations! We can now test Nginx with Jam.py on https port!

This was initialy published by Dražen Babić on https://github.com/jam-py/jam-py/issues/67

How do I write functions which have a global scope

Each function defined in the server or client module of an item becomes an attribute of the item.

Thus, using the task tree, you can access any function declared in the client or server module in any project module.

For example, if we have a function some_func declared in the Customers client module, we can execute it in any module of the project. Note that the task is a global variable on the client.

task.customers.some_func()

On the server, the task is not global, but an item that triggered / called it is passed to each event handler and function called by the server method. Therefore, if the some_func function is declared in the Customers server module, it can be executed in a function or event handler as follows:

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
  item.task.customers.some_func()

Note that event handlers are just functions and can also be called from other modules.

How to validate field value

Write the on_field_validate event handler to validate field value.

For example, The event will triggered when the post method is called, that saves the record in memory or when the user leaves the input used to edit the unitprice field value.

function on_field_validate(field) {
     if (field.field_name === 'unitprice' && field.value <= 0) {
        return 'Unit price must be greater that 0';
    }
}

As an example, below is the code that doesn’t use the on_field_validate method and checks the value of the unitprice field and prevents the user from leaving the input when the value is less than or equal to zero:

function on_edit_form_shown(item) {
    item.each_field( function(field) {
        var input = item.edit_form.find('input.' + field.field_name);
        input.blur( function(e) {
            var err;
            if ($(e.relatedTarget).attr('id') !== "cancel-btn") {
                err = check_field_value(field);
                if (err) {
                    item.alert_error(err);
                    input.focus();
                }
            }
        });
    });
}

function check_field_value(field) {
    if (field.field_name === 'album' && !field.value) {
        return 'Album must be specified';
    }
    if (field.field_name === 'unitprice' && field.value <= 0) {
        return 'Unit price must be greater that 0';
    }
}

In the on_edit_form_shown event handler, we iterate through all the fields using the each_field method and find the input data for each field, if it exists.

In the on_edit_form_shown event handler we iterate through all the fields using the each_field method and find the input for each field, if it exists. Each input has a class with the name of the field (field_name).

Then we assign a jQuery blur event to it, in which we call the check_field_value function, and, if it returns text string, we warn the user and focus the input. Before calling the function, we check whether the “Cancel” button was pressed.

We declared the on_edit_form_shown event handler in the item’s module, so it will work in this module only.

We can declare the following event handler in the task client module so we can write check_field_value function in any module we need to enable this field validation. The on_edit_form_shown of the task is called first for every item when edit form is shown. See Form events.

function on_edit_form_shown(item) {
    if (item.check_field_value) {
        item.each_field( function(field) {
            var input = item.edit_form.find('input.' + field.field_name);
            input.blur( function(e) {
                var err;
                if ($(e.relatedTarget).attr('id') !== "cancel-btn") {
                    err = item.check_field_value(field);
                    if (err) {
                        item.alert_error(err);
                        input.focus();
                    }
                }
            });
        });
    }
}

In this event handler we check if the item has the check_field_value attribute. Each function declared in a module becomes an attribute of the item.

How to add a button to a form

The simplest way to add a button to an edit / view from is to use add_edit_button / add_view_button correspondinly. You can call this functions in the on_edit_form_created / on_view_form_created event handlers.

For example the Customers item uses this code in its client module to add buttons to a view form:

function on_view_form_created(item) {
    item.table_options.multiselect = false;
    if (!item.lookup_field) {
        var print_btn = item.add_view_button('Print', {image: 'icon-print'}),
            email_btn = item.add_view_button('Send email', {image: 'icon-pencil'});
        email_btn.click(function() { send_email() });
        print_btn.click(function() { print(item) });
        item.table_options.multiselect = true;
    }
}

In this code the item’s lookup_field attribute is checkув and if it is defined (the view form is not created to select a value for a lookup field) the two buttons are created and for them JQuery click events are assigned to send_email and print functions declared in that module.

How to execute script from client

You can use server method to send a request to the server to execute a function defined in the server module of an item.

En the example below we create the btn button that is a JQuery object. Then we use its click method to attach a function that calls the server method of the item to run the calculate function defined in the server module of the item.

The code in the client module:

function on_view_form_created(item) {
    var btn = item.add_view_button('Calculate', {type: 'primary'});
    btn.click(function() {
        item.server('calulate', [1, 2, 3], function(result, error) {
          if (error) {
            item.alert_error(error);
          }
          else {
            console.log(result);
          }
        })
    });
}

The code in the server module:

def calculate(item, a, b, c):
    return a + b + c

How to change style and attributes of form elements

You can access any DOM element on forms using jQuery.

In the following example, in the on_edit_form_created event handler defined the item client module we find the OK button, hide it, and change the text of the Cancel button to “Close” in the edit form:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").hide();
    item.edit_form.find("#cancel-btn").text('Close');
}

When an application creates input controls, it adds a class with a name that is the field_name attribute of the corresponding field to each input.

Thus, using the jQuery selectors, we can find the input of the customer field as follows (we select the input with the “customer” class in the edit form):

item.edit_form.find("input.customer")

Having found the element of the form you can use JQuery methods to change it.

As the field inputs are created by create_inputs after the on_edit_form_created event have been triggered (see the on_edit_form_created event handler in the task client module) you must write on_edit_form_shown event handler to change inputs.

For example this code

function on_edit_form_shown(item) {
  item.edit_form.find('input.name').css('color', 'red');
  item.edit_form.find('input.name').css('font-size', '24px');
  item.edit_form.find('input.tracks_sold').width(20);
  item.edit_form.find('input.genre').parent().width('40%');
  item.edit_form.find('input.composer').prop('type', 'password');
}

will change form inputs this way:

form_elements_style.png

Please, note that if you need to change the width of input with prepend or append buttons (inputs of date, datetime and lookup fields) set the width of the input parent:

item.edit_form.find('input.album').parent().width('50%');

Another way to change the style of DOM elements is to use CSS. When the task node is selected in the Application Builder, the “project css” button is located on the right pane. Click on it to open the project.css file, which is located in the project folder. You can use it to input CSS that defines the style of the DOM elements of the project.

Each item form created in the project has css classes that enable developer to identify the form.

Each form has a class identifying it’s type: ‘view-form’, ‘edit-form’, ‘filter-form’ or ‘param-form’.

For example, the following code will remove the images in the buttons at the bottom of the form:

.view-form .form-footer .btn i {
    display: none;
}

More edit form examples:

.edit-form #ok-btn {
    font-weight: bold;
    background-color: lightblue;
}

.edit-form.invoices input.total {
    color: red;
}

Also each form has a class with a name that is the item_name attribute of the item.

The following code will remove images in the buttons only in the Invoices view form:

.view-form.invoices .form-footer .btn i {
    display: none;
}

You can change the way tables are displayed. The tables that are created by the create_table method have a css class “dbtable” and a class with a name that is the item_name attribute of the item. each column of the table alse have a class with a name that is the field_name attribute of the corresponding field.

The example, the following code will display cells of the Invoices table Customer column bold:

.dbtable.invoices td.customer {
    font-weight: bold;
}

One more way to change the way the field colum is displayed is to write the on_field_get_html event handler.

For example:

function on_field_get_html(field) {
    if (field.field_name === 'total') {
        if (field.value > 10) {
            return '<strong>' + field.display_text + '</strong>';
        }
    }
}

How to append a record using an edit form without opening a view form?

You must first call the open method of the item to initiate its dataset. For example, if you want to add a new record to invoices in the Demo application, you can do so as follows:

var invoices = task.invoices.copy();
invoices.open({ open_empty: true });
invoices.append_record();

In this code, we create a copy of the item using the copy method so that this operation does not affect the Invoices view form if it is open in a tab.

You can also change the record, but before you do this, you must get it from the server. Below is the code that modifies the record with id 411. We check that the record exists using the rec_count property, otherwise we display a warning.

var invoices = task.invoices.copy();
invoices.open({ where: {id: 411} });
if (invoices.rec_count) {
    invoices.edit_record();
}
else {
    invoices.alert_error('Invoices: record not found.');
}

In the example above the open method is not executed syncroniously.

The code below does it asyncroniously:

var invoices = task.invoices.copy();
invoices.open({ where: {id: 411} }, function() {
    if (invoices.rec_count) {
        invoices.edit_record();
    }
    else {
        invoices.alert_error('Invoices: record not found.');
    }
});

Invoices has the Modeless attribute set in the Edit form dialog, so the the edit form with be opened in a tab. You can change it by setting modeless attribute of edit_options to make the edit form modal:

var invoices = task.invoices.copy();
invoices.edit_options.modeless = false;

How to prohibit changing record

Let’s assume that we have an item with a boolean field “posted”, and if the value of the field is true, we must prohibit changing or deleting the record.

We can do this by writing the on_after_scroll event handler and using permissions property:

function on_after_scroll(item) {
    if (item.rec_count) {
        item.permissions.can_edit = !item.posted.value;
        item.permissions.can_delete = !item.posted.value;
        if (item.view_form) {
            item.view_form.find("#delete-btn").prop("disabled", item.posted.value);
        }
    }
}

In this event handler we check the value of the “posted” field and set the permissions property attributes to true.

We can also write the on_apply event handler in the server module of the item:

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
  for d in delta:
      if d.posted.old_value:
          raise Exception('Document posted. No change allowed')

How change field value of selected records

In this example, we will show how to change the “Media Type” field of the “Tracks” catalog to the same value for the selected records.

set_media_type.png

First we set the multiselect attribute of the table_options to true to display the check box in the leftmost column of the “Tracks” table for the user to select the records and create the Set media type button in the on_view_form_created event handler in the client module of “Tracks”.

function on_view_form_created(item) {
  item.table_options.multiselect = true;
  item.add_view_button('Set media type').click(function() {
      set_media_type(item);
  });
}

When this button is pressed, the set_media_type function defined in the module is executed.

In this function we create a copy of the “Tracks” item. We pass to the copy method the handlers option equal to false. It means that all the settings to the item made in the Form Dialogs in the Application Builder and all the functions and events defined in the client module of the item will be unavailable to the copy.

Then we analyze the selections attribute that is the array of the values of primary key field of the records, selected by the user.

After it we initialize the dataset of the copy by calling the open method with open_empty option. We also set the fields options so that the dataset will have only one field media_type. We set the required attribute of that field to true.

And finally, before calling the append_record method, we dynamically assign the on_edit_form_created event handler to change the on click event of the OK button, that was defined in the client module of the task.

In the new on click event handler we, first, call the post method to check that the media type value is set, if exception is raised we call edit method to allow the user to set it.

function set_media_type(item) {
    var copy = item.copy({handlers: false}),
        selections = item.selections;
    if (selections.length > 1000) {
        item.alert('Too many records selected.');
    }
    else if (selections.length || item.rec_count) {
        if (selections.length === 0) {
            selections = [item.id.value];
        }

        copy.open({fields: ['media_type'], open_empty: true});

        copy.edit_options.title = 'Set media type to ' + selections.length +
          ' record(s)';
        copy.edit_options.history_button = false;
        copy.media_type.required = true;

        copy.on_edit_form_created = function(c) {
            c.edit_form.find('#ok-btn').off('click.task').on('click', function() {
                try {
                    c.post();
                    item.server('set_media_type', [c.media_type.value, selections],
                      function(res, error) {
                        if (error) {
                            item.alert_error(error);
                        }
                        if (res) {
                            item.selections = [];
                            item.refresh_page(true);
                            c.cancel_edit();
                            item.alert(selections.length + '
                              record(s) have been modified.');
                        }
                      }
                    );
                }
                finally {
                    c.edit();
                }
            });
        };
        copy.append_record();
    }
}

When the user clicks the OK button, the item’s server method executes the set_media_type function on the server, which changes the field value of the selected records.

After changing the records on the server we, on the client, unselect the records, refresh the data of the page, cancel editing by calling the cancel_edit method and inform the user of the results.

def set_media_type(item, media_type, selections):
    copy = item.copy()
    copy.set_where(id__in=selections)
    copy.open(fields=['id', 'media_type'])
    for c in copy:
        c.edit()
        c.media_type.value = media_type
        c.post()
    c.apply()
    return True

How to save edit form without closing it

You can do it by adding a button that will save the record without closing the edit form.

Below is examples for synchronous and asynchronous cases.

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    var save_btn = item.add_edit_button('Save and continue');
    save_btn.click(function() {
        if (item.is_changing()) {
            item.post();
            try {
              item.apply();
            }
            catch (e) {
              item.alert_error(error);
            }
            item.edit();
        }
    });
}
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    var save_btn = item.add_edit_button('Save and continue');
    save_btn.click(function() {
        if (item.is_changing()) {
            item.disable_edit_form();
            item.post();
            item.apply(function(error){
                if (error) {
                    item.alert_error(error);
                }
                item.edit();
                item.enable_edit_form();
            });
        }
    });
}

How to save changes to two tables in same transaction on the server

Below is two examples.

In the first example each apply method gets its own connection from connection pool and commits it after saveing changes to the database.

In the second example the connection is received from connection pool and passed to each apply method so changes are commited at the end.

import datetime

def change_invoice_date(item, invoice_id):
    now = datetime.datetime.now()

    invoices = item.task.invoices.copy(handlers=False)
    invoices.set_where(id=invoice_id)
    invoices.open()
    invoices.edit()
    invoices.invoice_date.value = now
    invoices.post()
    invoices.apply()

    customer_id = invoices.customer.value
    customers = item.task.customers.copy(handlers=False)
    customers.set_where(id=customer_id)
    customers.open()
    customers.edit()
    customers.last_modified.value = now
    customers.post()
    customers.apply()
import datetime

def change_invoice_date(item, invoice_id):
    now = datetime.datetime.now()

    con = item.task.connect()
    try:
        invoices = item.task.invoices.copy(handlers=False)
        invoices.set_where(id=invoice_id)
        invoices.open()
        invoices.edit()
        invoices.invoice_date.value = now
        invoices.post()
        invoices.apply(con)

        customer_id = invoices.customer.value
        customers = item.task.customers.copy(handlers=False)
        customers.set_where(id=customer_id)
        customers.open()
        customers.edit()
        customers.last_modified.value = now
        customers.post()
        customers.apply(con)

        con.commit()
    finally:
        con.close()

How to prevent duplicate values in a table field

One of the ways to do it is to write the on_apply event handler.

In the example below, the delta parameter is a dataset that contains the changes that will be stored in the users table.

We go through the records of changes and if the record was not deleted or the login field didn’t change we look for a record in the table with the same login and if it exists raise the exception. If the user is editing the record on the client using an edit form he won’t be able to save it and will see the corresponding alert message.

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    for d in delta:
        if not (d.rec_deleted() or d.rec_modified() and d.login.value == d.login.old_value):
            users = d.task.users.copy(handlers=False)
            users.set_where(login=d.login.value)
            users.open(fields=['login'])
            if users.rec_count:
                raise Exception('There is a user with this login - %s' % d.login.value)

How to implement some sort of basic multi-tenancy? For example, to have users with separate data.

You can implement a multi-tenancy using Jam.py.

For example, if some item have a user_id field, the following code in the server module of the item will do the job:

def on_open(item, params):
    if item.session:
        user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
        if user_id:
            params['__filters'].append(['user_id', item.task.consts.FILTER_EQ, user_id])

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    if item.session:
        user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
        if user_id:
            for d in delta:
                if d.rec_inserted():
                    d.edit()
                    d.user_id.value = user_id
                    d.post()
                elif d.rec_modified():
                    if d.user_id.old_value != user_id:
                        raise Exception('You are not allowed to change record.')
                elif d.rec_deleted():
                    if d.user_id.old_value != user_id:
                        raise Exception('You are not allowed to delete record.')

It uses a session attribute of the item to get a unique user id and on_open and on_apply event handlers.

The on_open event handler ensures that the sql select statement that applications generates will return only records where the user_id field will be the same as the ID of the user that sends the request.

And the on_apply event handler sets the user_id to the ID of the user that appended or modified the records.

You can use a more general approach and add the following code to the server module of the task. Then a multi-tenancy will be applied to every item that have a user_id field:

def on_open(item, params):
    if item.field_by_name('user_id'):
        if item.session:
            user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
            if user_id:
                params['__filters'].append(['user_id', item.task.consts.FILTER_EQ, user_id])

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    if item.field_by_name('user_id'):
        if item.session:
            user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
            if user_id:
                for d in delta:
                    if d.rec_inserted():
                        d.edit()
                        d.user_id.value = user_id
                        d.post()
                    elif d.rec_modified():
                        if d.user_id.old_value != user_id:
                            raise Exception('You are not allowed to change record.')
                    elif d.rec_deleted():
                        if d.user_id.old_value != user_id:
                            raise Exception('You are not allowed to delete record.')

Can I use Jam.py with existing database

Please read this: Intergation with existing database

How can I use data from other database tables

You can use data from other database tables.

First you must specify table name and fields information. You can do it the following way:

  • Select project node in the task tree and click Database button.

  • Set DB manual mode and specify the database connection attributes.

  • Import tables information as described in the Intergation with existing database

  • Select project node in the task tree, click Database button restore previos values.

Then in the server module of the new items you must add code to read and write the data to the database

Below is the code for MySQL database (auto increameted primary field):

import MySQLdb
from jam.db import mysql

def on_open(item, params):
    connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(mysql, database='demo', \
        user='root', password='111', host='localhost', encoding='UTF8')
    try:
        sql = item.get_select_query(params, mysql)
        rows = item.task.select(sql, connection, mysql)
    finally:
        connection.close()
    return rows, ''

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
    connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(mysql, database='demo', \
        user='root', password='111', host='localhost', encoding='UTF8')
    try:
        sql = delta.apply_sql(params, mysql)
        result = item.task.execute(sql, None, connection, mysql)
    finally:
        connection.close()
    return result

If database use generators to get primary field values you must specify them for new records (Firebird):

import fdb
from jam.db import firebird

def on_open(item, params):
    connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(firebird, database='demo.fdb', \
        user='SYSDBA', password='masterkey', encoding='UTF8')
    try:
        sql = item.get_select_query(params, firebird)
        rows = item.task.select(sql, connection, firebird)
    finally:
        connection.close()
    return rows, ''

def get_id(table_name, connection):
    cursor = connection.cursor()
    cursor.execute('SELECT NEXT VALUE FOR "%s" FROM RDB$DATABASE' % (table_name + '_SEQ'))
    r = cursor.fetchall()
    return r[0][0]

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
    connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(firebird, database='demo.fdb', \
        user='SYSDBA', password='masterkey', encoding='UTF8')
    for d in delta:
        if not d.id.value:
            d.edit()
            d.id.value = get_id(item.table_name, connection)
            for detail in d.details:
                for r in detail:
                    if not r.id.value:
                        r.edit()
                        r.id.value = get_id(r.table_name, connection)
                        r.post()
            d.post()
    try:
        sql = delta.apply_sql(params, firebird)
        result = item.task.execute(sql, None, connection, firebird)
    finally:
        connection.close()
    return result

You can use the task on_open and on_apply events. Below is the code from task client module:

import MySQLdb
from jam.db import mysql

def on_open(item, params):
    if item.item_name in ['table1', 'table2']: # or
    #if item.table_name in ['table1', 'table2']:
      connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(mysql, database='demo', \
          user='root', password='111', host='localhost', encoding='UTF8')
      try:
          sql = item.get_select_query(params, mysql)
          rows = item.task.select(sql, connection, mysql)
      finally:
          connection.close()
      return rows, ''

def on_apply(item, delta, params):
    if item.item_name in ['table1', 'table2']:
      connection = item.task.create_connection_ex(mysql, database='demo', \
          user='root', password='111', host='localhost', encoding='UTF8')
      try:
          sql = delta.apply_sql(params, mysql)
          result = item.task.execute(sql, None, connection, mysql)
      finally:
          connection.close()
      return result

Note

Do not set History attribute to True for this tables. If you do so you’ll get the exception. History table must be one for all databases that you use in the project. You can try to create the history table in the other database and write the on_open and on_apply event handlers for it.

How I can process a request or get some data from other application or service

You can access the data of your application for reading and writing by sending a post request that has ‘ext’ added to url. For example:

http://example.com/ext/edit

When an web app on the server receives such request it generates the on_ext_request event

How can I perform calculations in the background

You can use this code in the task server module to run a background thread in the web application once a 3 minutes (can be changed by setting interval) to perform some calculations:

import threading
import time
import traceback

def background(task):
    interval = 3 * 60
    time.sleep(interval)
    while True:
        if not time:
            return
        with task.lock('background'):
            try:
                print('background')
                # some code to execute in background for example:
                # tracks = task.tracks.copy()
                # tracks.open()
                # for t in tracks:
                #     t.edit()
                #     t.sold.value = #some value
                #     t.post()
                # tracks.apply()
            except Exception as e:
                traceback.print_exc()
        time.sleep(interval)

def on_created(task):
    bg = threading.Thread(target=background, args=(task,))
    bg.daemon = True
    bg.start()

Note

When multiple web applications are running in parallel processes, the background function will be executed in each process. To prevent simultaneous execution of this function, we use the lock method of the task.

Is it supported to have details inside details?

Yes, you can have details inside details.

Suppose we have three objects - “Polls”, “Questions” and “Answers.” “Answers” is a detail of “Questions”. We will make “Questions” a detail of “Polls”.

One way to do this is to add an integer field “poll” to the “Questions” and the following code to the “Poll” client module:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    var q = task.questions.copy();

    item.edit_form.find('.form-footer').hide();

    q.view_options.form_header = false;

    q.on_view_form_created = function(quest) {
        quest.paginate = false;
    };

    q.on_before_append = function(quest) {
        if (!item.id.value) {
            quest.alert_error('Poll is not specified.');
            quest.abort();
        }
    };

    q.on_before_post = function(quest) {
        quest.poll.value = item.id.value;
    };

    q.set_where({poll: item.id.value});
    q.view(item.edit_form.find('.edit-detail'));
}

function on_field_changed(field, lookup_item) {
    var item = field.owner;
    item.apply();
    item.edit();
}


function on_before_delete(item) {
    var q = task.questions.copy();
    q.set_where({poll: item.id.value});
    q.open();
    while (!q.eof()) {
        q.delete();
    }
    q.apply();
}
details.png

Export to / import from csv files

First, in the client module of the item we create two buttons that execute the corresponding functions when you click on them:

function on_view_form_created(item) {
  var csv_import_btn = item.add_view_button('Import csv file'),
      csv_export_btn = item.add_view_button('Export csv file');
  csv_import_btn.click(function() { csv_import(item) });
  csv_export_btn.click(function() { csv_export(item) });
}

function  csv_export(item) {
    item.server('export_scv', function(file_name, error) {
        if (error) {
            item.alert_error(error);
        }
        else {
            var url = [location.protocol, '//', location.host, location.pathname].join('');
            url += 'static/files/' + file_name;
            window.open(encodeURI(url));
        }
    });
}

function csv_import(item) {
    task.upload('static/files', {accept: '.csv', callback: function(file_name) {
        item.server('import_scv', [file_name], function(error) {
            if (error) {
                item.warning(error);
            }
            item.refresh_page(true);
        });
    }});
}

These functions execute the following functions defined in the server module. In this module we use the Python csv module. We do not export system fields - primary key field and deletion flag field.

Below is the code for Python 3:

import os
import csv

def export_scv(item):
    copy = item.copy()
    copy.open()
    file_name = item.item_name + '.csv'
    path = os.path.join(item.task.work_dir, 'static', 'files', file_name)
    with open(path, 'w', encoding='utf-8') as csvfile:
        fieldnames = []
        for field in copy.fields:
            if not field.system_field():
                fieldnames.append(field.field_name)
        writer = csv.DictWriter(csvfile, fieldnames=fieldnames)
        writer.writeheader()
        for c in copy:
            dic = {}
            for field in copy.fields:
                if not field.system_field():
                    dic[field.field_name] = field.text
            writer.writerow(dic)
    return file_name

def import_scv(item, file_name):
    copy = item.copy()
    path = os.path.join(item.task.work_dir, 'static', 'files', file_name)
    with open(path, 'r', encoding='utf-8') as csvfile:
        copy.open(open_empty=True)
        reader = csv.DictReader(csvfile)
        for row in reader:
            print(row)
            copy.append()
            for field in copy.fields:
                if not field.system_field():
                    field.text = row[field.field_name]
            copy.post()
        copy.apply()

For Python 2, this code looks like this:

import os
import csv

def export_scv2(item):
    copy = item.copy()
    copy.open()
    file_name = item.item_name + '.csv'
    path = os.path.join(item.task.work_dir, 'static', 'files', file_name)
    with open(path, 'wb') as csvfile:
        fieldnames = []
        for field in copy.fields:
            if not field.system_field():
                fieldnames.append(field.field_name.encode('utf8'))
        writer = csv.DictWriter(csvfile, fieldnames=fieldnames)
        writer.writeheader()
        for c in copy:
            dic = {}
            for field in copy.fields:
                if not field.system_field():
                    dic[field.field_name.encode('utf8')] = field.text.encode('utf8')
            writer.writerow(dic)
    return file_name

def import_scv2(item, file_name):
    copy = item.copy()
    path = os.path.join(item.task.work_dir, 'static', 'files', file_name)
    with open(path, 'rb') as csvfile:
        item.task.execute('delete from %s' % item.table_name)
        copy.open(open_empty=True)
        reader = csv.DictReader(csvfile)
        for row in reader:
            print(row)
            copy.append()
            for field in copy.fields:
                if not field.system_field():
                    field.text = row[field.field_name.encode('utf8')].decode('utf8')
            copy.post()
        copy.apply()

Authentication

In the Jam.py repository there is the “Authentication” project export file. This project demonstrates the first three topics of this section.

http://jam-py.com/repository/auth.zip

You can download it, create a new project and import this file.

How to authenticate from custom users table

By default, all user information is stored in a table in the admin.sqlite database. This table has a fixed structure that cannot be changed.

In this section, we describe how to authenticate a user using data from the custom users table.

First, we create an item group Authentication select it and add an item Users that has the following fields:

users_fields.png

We won’t store in the table the user password and use this field in the interface. We will store the password salted hash in the password_hash field.

We also created the lookup list “Roles” that we used in the “Roles” field definition.

We added to it the same roles (ids and names) as in the table Roles We ‘ll have to sycronize this roles in the future.

roles_lookup_list.png

In the Roles it is necessary to allow view the Users item only people that will be responsible for it

We removed password_hash field from field lists in the View Form Dialog and Edit Form Dialog

In the User server module we define the following on_apply event handler:

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    for d in delta:
        if not (d.rec_deleted() or d.rec_modified() and d.login.value == d.login.old_value):
            users = d.task.users.copy(handlers=False)
            users.set_where(login=d.login.value)
            users.open(fields=['login'])
            if users.rec_count:
                raise Exception('There is a user with this login - %s' % d.login.value)
        if d.password.value:
            d.edit();
            d.password_hash.value = delta.task.generate_password_hash(d.password.value)
            d.password.value = None
            d.post();

In this event handler we check if there is a users with the same login and raise the exception if such user exists, otherwise we generate hash using the generate_password_hash method of the task and set the password value to None.

In the client module we defined the following on_field_get_text event handler. It displays ‘******’ string insted of the password.

function on_field_get_text(field) {
    var item = field.owner;
    if (field.field_name === 'password') {
        if (item.id.value || field.value) {
            return '**********';
        }
    }
}

Finally, we define the on_login event handler in the task server module:

def on_login(task, form_data, info):
    users = task.users.copy(handlers=False)
    users.set_where(login=form_data['login'])
    users.open()
    if users.rec_count == 1:
        if task.check_password_hash(users.password_hash.value, form_data['password']):
            return {
                'user_id': users.id.value,
                'user_name': users.name.value,
                'role_id': users.role.value,
                'role_name': users.role.display_text
            }

Now we must add an admin to Users that has rights to work with users. After that we can set Safe mode in the project Parameters

How to create registration form

In this topic we’ll assume that you have created a Users item from the previous topic.

Now we create a register.html file.

It contains a registration form:

<form id="login-form" target="dummy" class="form-horizontal" style="margin: 0;">
    <div class="control-group">
        <label class="control-label" for="name">Name</label>
        <div class="controls">
            <input type="text" id="name" placeholder="Login">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="control-group">
        <label class="control-label" for="login">Login</label>
        <div class="controls">
            <input type="text" id="login" placeholder="Login">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="control-group">
        <label class="control-label" for="password1">Password</label>
        <div class="controls">
            <input type="password" id="password1"
            placeholder="Password" autocomplete="on">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="control-group">
        <label class="control-label" for="password2">Repeat password</label>
        <div class="controls">
            <input type="password" id="password2"
            placeholder="Repeat password" autocomplete="on">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-success" style="margin: 0; display: none">
        You have been successfuly registered.
    </div>
    <div class="alert alert-error" style="margin: 0; display: none">
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <input type="button" class="btn expanded-btn pull-right"
        id="register-btn" value="OK" tabindex="3">
    </div>
</form>

and a javascript code:

$(document).ready(function(){

    function register(name, login, password) {
        $.ajax({
            url: "ext/register",
            type: "POST",
            contentType: "application/json;charset=utf-8",
            data: JSON.stringify([name, login, password]),
            success: function(response, textStatus, jQxhr) {
                if (response.result.data) {
                    show_alert(response.result.data);
                }
                else {
                    $("div.alert-success").show();
                    setTimeout(
                        function() {
                            window.location.href = "index.html";
                        },
                        1000
                    );
                }
            },
            error: function(jqXhr, textStatus, errorThrown) {
                console.log(errorThrown);
            }
        });
    }
    function show_alert(message) {
        $("div.alert-error")
            .text(message)
            .show();
    }

    $('input').focus(function() {
        $("div.alert").hide();
    });

    $("#register-btn").click(function() {
        var name = $("#name").val(),
            login = $("#login").val(),
            password1 = $("#password1").val(),
            password2 = $("#password2").val();
        if (!name) {
            show_alert('Name is not specified');
        }
        else if (!login) {
            show_alert('Login is not specified');
        }
        else if (!password1) {
            show_alert('Password is not specified');
        }
        else if (password1 !== password2) {
            show_alert('Passwords do not match');
        }
        else {
            register(name, login, password1)
        }
    })
})

When the user clicks on the OK button, the javascript will send to the server the ajax post request with url “ext/register” and parameters “name, login, password”.

When server receives the request starting with ‘ext/’ it triggers the on_ext_request event.

The task server module has the following on_ext_request event handler:

def on_ext_request(task, request, params):
    reqs = request.split('/')
    if reqs[2] == 'register':
        name, login, password = params
        users = task.users.copy(handlers=False)
        users.set_where(login=login)
        users.open()
        if users.rec_count:
            return 'Existing login, please use different login'
        users.append()
        users.name.value = name
        users.login.value = login
        users.password_hash.value = task.generate_password_hash(password)
        users.role.value = 2
        users.post()
        users.apply()

It checks if there is ‘register’ in url and then looks if there is no user with the login and then register the user.

How to give user ability to change the password

First we create a “Change password” item. While creating it we set the “Virtual table” and “Visible” attributes to false in the Item Editor Dialog. And we add to it two fields: “Old password”, “New password”

We’ll use this item for displaying “Change password” dialog.

To open this dialog we add a “Change password” menu item with id “pass” in the index.html:

<div class="container">
    <div id="taskmenu" class="navbar">
        <div class="navbar-inner">
            <ul id="menu" class="nav">
            </ul>
            <ul id="menu-right" class="nav pull-right">
                <li id="pass"><a href="#">Change password</a></li>
            </ul>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

and in the task client module on_page_loaded event handler add the following code:

if (task.change_password.can_view()) {
    $("#menu-right #pass a").click(function(e) {
        e.preventDefault();
        task.change_password.open({open_empty: true});
        task.change_password.append_record();
    });
}
else {
    $("#menu-right #pass a").hide();
}

It will check if the user has the right to view item and then opens an empty dataset and creates an edit form, otherwise it hides this menu item.

In the “Change password” client module we add the following code:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn")
        .off('click.task')
        .on('click', function() {
            change_password(item);
        });
    item.edit_form.find("#cancel-btn")
        .off('click.task')
        .on('click', function() {
            item.close_edit_form();
        });
}

function change_password(item) {
    item.post();
    item.server('change_password', [item.old_password.value, item.new_password.value], function(res) {
        if (res) {
            item.warning('Password has been changed. <br> The application will be reloaded.',
              function() {
                  task.logout();
                  location.reload();
              });
        }
        else {
            item.alert_error("Can't change the password.");
            item.edit();
        }
    });
}

function on_field_changed(field, lookup_item) {
    var item = field.owner;
    if (field.field_name === 'old_password') {
        item.server('check_old_password', [field.value], function(error) {
            if (error) {
                item.alert_error(error);
            }
        });
    }
}

function on_edit_form_close_query(item) {
    return true;
}

In it we reassign OK and Cancel button click events. By default they are defined in the task client module to save record changes to the database and cancel editing. In the on_edit_form_close_query even handler we return true so the on_edit_form_close_query declared in the task client module, that shows “Yes No Cancel” disalog won’t be executed.

The on_field_changed event handler will check if old password is correct. It and the change_password function send requests to the server to execute functions defined in the item server module:

def change_password(item, old_password, new_password):
    user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
    users = item.task.users.copy(handlers=False)
    users.set_where(id=user_id)
    users.open()
    same_password = item.task.check_password_hash(users.password_hash.value, old_password)
    if users.rec_count== 1 and same_password:
        users.edit()
        users.password_hash.value = item.task.generate_password_hash(new_password)
        users.post()
        users.apply()
        return True
    else:
        return False

def check_old_password(item, old_password):
    user_id = item.session['user_info']['user_id']
    users = item.task.users.copy(handlers=False)
    users.set_where(id=user_id)
    users.open()
    same_password = item.task.check_password_hash(users.password_hash.value, old_password)
    if users.rec_count == 1 and same_password:
        return
    else:
        return 'Invalid password'

They use session to get id of the current user.

After changing the password the client reloads.

Business application builder

Application builder - is a Jam.py web application intended for application development and database administration.

To run the Application builder go to a Web browser and type in the browser address bar

127.0.0.1:8080/builder.html

Note

Please note that server.py must be running

On the left side of the Application builder page there is a panel that contains the project tree. When you select any node of the project tree, as a rule, its content will be opend in the central part of the page, and the bottom and right side of the page may have buttons that allow you to modify the content.

To see the changes made in Application builder go to the Project page and reload it.

Sanitizing

To prevent Cross Site Scripting (XSS) attacks, Jam.py sanitizese field values displayed in the table columns.

For example, if field contains the following text:

"<span style='color: red'>USA</span>"

when unsanitized it will be displayed in the table column as follows:

unsanitized.png

When the field text sanitized, it is transformed to the following:

"&lt;span style='color: red'&gt;USA&lt;/span&gt;"

as you can see symbols ‘<’ and ‘>’ are replaced with ‘&lt;’ and ‘&gt;’ and the table column will be displayed this way:

sanitized.png

There are two ways to prevent sanitizing.

First is to set Do not sanitize attribute in the Interface tab in the Field Editor Dialog

do_not_sanitize.png

Second is to write the on_field_get_html event handler. If the this event handler returns a value it is not sanitized.

Accept string

An accept string can be a combination of the following values, separated by comma.

Value

Description

file_extension

Specify the file extension(s) (e.g: .gif, .jpg, .png, .doc)

audio/*

All sound files

video/*

All video files

image/*

Aall image files

For example:

.pdf,.xls

image/*,.pdf,.xls

audio/*

audio/*,video/*

Project management

After the Application builder is first run or when the Project node is selected in the project tree, the Application builder page will look as follows:

Project management

Click on the links below to see the purpose of the buttons in the right panel of the page.

Parameters

After clicking on the Parameters button the Parameters Dialog will appear. It has two tabs General and Interface.

General tab
Project parameters dialog

On the General tab, you can specify general parameters of the project:

  • Production - if this checkbox is checked, you will not be able to change the project database in Application Builder.

  • Safe mode - if safe mode is enabled, authentication is needed for user to work in the system (See Users and Roles ).

  • Debugging - if this checkbox is checked, the Werkzeug libarary bebugger will be invoked when an error on the server occurs.

  • Language - use it to open Language Dialog. See Language support

  • Persistent connection - if this checkbox is checked the application creates a connection pool otherwise a connection is created before executing the sql query.

  • Connection pool size — the size of the server database connection pool.

  • Compressed JS, CSS files - If this button is checked the server returns compressed js and css files when index.html page is loaded.

  • All JS modules in a single file - If this checkbox is unchecked, the application will generate a javascript file in the project js folder for every item in the task tree, that has code in its Client module, with the name item_name.js, where item_name is the name of an item. Otherwise, the application will generate a javascript file with the name task_name.js, where task_name is the name of the project task (for example demo.js), that will contain javascript code of all items, except items, whose External js module checkbox in the Item Editor Dialog is checked (separate files will be created for them).

  • Dynamic JS modules loading - If this checkbox is unchecked and the application generates more than one javascript file, only file named task_name.js will be loaded when application is run. All other files must be loaded dynamically. See Working with modules.

  • History item - to specify item, that will store change history, see Saving audit trail/change history made by users

  • Session timeout (seconds) - number of second of inactivity that is allowed before the session expires.

  • Session ignore change ip - if false, the session is only valid when it is accessed from the same ip address that created the session.

  • Max content length (MB) - use it to limit the total content length of the request to the server, in megabytes.

  • Import delay (seconds) - if set the application will wait the number of seconds set in the parameter before changing the project dataset while importing project metadata , otherwise it waits for 5 minutes or until all previous request to the serverin the current process will be processed.

  • Delete reports after (hours) - if a value is specified the generated reports that are located in the static/reports folder will be deleted after specified number of hours have passed.

  • Upload file extensions - is an Accept string that defines the types of files that could be uploaded to the server by the task upload method. Uploading files that do not match these types is prohibited.

  • Version — specify the version of the project here.

Note

When Connection pool size or Persistent connection parameters are changed, the server applicaton must be restarted for changes to take effect.

Interface tab
parameters_interface.png

On the Interface tab, you can specify interface parameters of the project:

  • Theme - use this parameter to select the theme of the project from one of predefined themes

  • Small font - if this button is checked, the default font size will be 12px, otherwise it is 14px

  • Full width - if this button is checked the project will fill the page width, without left and right margins

  • Display forms in tabs - if this button is checked, the forms will be opened tabs

Database

Database dialog

In this dialog project database pararameters are displayed. When they have been changed and OK button is clicked, the Application builder will check connection to the database and if it failed to connect an error will be displayed.

Note

When any Database parameter is changed, except DB manual update, the server application must be restarted for changes to take effect.

If DB manual update checkbox is unchecked (default), then when changes to an item, that have an associated database table, are saved, this database table is automatically modified. For example, if we add a new field to some item in the Item Editor Dialog , the new field will be added to the associated database table. If this checkbox is checked, no modifications to the database tables are made.

Note

Please be very carefull when using this option.

Examples of database setups
SQLite
SQLite setup
PostgreSQL
PostgreSQL setup
MySql
MySql setup
FireBird
FireBird setup
MSSQL
MSSQL setup
Oracle
Oracle setup

Export

Press this button to export project metadata to zip file.

See also

Import

Metadata file

How to migrate development to production

Import

Use this button to import project metadata from zip file.

See also

Export

Metadata file

How to migrate development to production

Find

Press this button to to search for the character string in all modules of the project.

Find in project dialog

Print

Press this button to print all modules of the project.

Export/import metadata

All the code, parameters and data structure information of the project is stored in the admin.sqlite SQLite database located in the project folder. This information we call the metadata.

Export metadata

The project metadata can be exported to a zip file in the Application Builder by clicking the Export button.

This file contains the following information:

  • Information about project data structure (information about DB tables, fields, indexes defined in the project items), code and settings that is stored in the admin.sqlite database.

  • Files from the following folders:

    • css

    • js

    • static/css

    • static/js

    • static/img

    • reports (ods files of project report templates)

    • utils (this folder may contain python libraries or files used in the project)

Import metadata

The metadata file can be imported to another project.

The web application while importing the metadata performs the following operations:

  1. sets the under_maintenance flag so that incoming requests are not processed by the application. When receiving the response to theses requests the client application shows the message “Web site currently under maintenance”. Web applications that run in parallel processes upon receiving requests check whether the under_maintenance flag is set and, if so, also do not process requests.

  2. unzips the metadata file to the temporary folder in the project directory

  3. checks the data integrity - items with the same ID in the current project and imported metadata must have the same type and the same table_name attribute if one is specified for an item

  4. analyzes the metadata to generate sql queries to update the project database structure and records of the admin.sqlite database.

  5. if the Import delay attribute in the project Parameters is set, waits the number of seconds set in the attribute, otherwise waits for 5 minutes or until all previous request to the server will be processed.

  6. updates the project database and modifies the records of the admin.sqlite, see bellow

  7. copies files from the temporary folder to the project folder

  8. reloads the task tree

  9. writes the import log file to the logs folder and sends the import log to the Application builder to be displayed

  10. deletes the temporary folder

  11. removes the under_maintenance flag

  12. increases the build flag, so web applications that run in parallel processes and monitor this flag reload their task tree

Updating project databases

The way the the project database is updated depends on the type of the project database.

  • Updating databases that support DDL statement rollback (Postgress, Firebird, MSSQL)

    • creates the connection to the project database

    • starts to execute sql statements to update the project database.

    • if an error occurs while updating the project database, rollbacks the changes, and goes to the step 9.

    • after the project database has been updated, makes a copy of the admin.sqlite file and starts modifying the admin.sqlite database

    • if an error occurs while modifying the records of admin.sqlite, restores admin.sqlite from the copy, rollbacks the changes to the project database and goes to the step 9.

    • commits the changes, deletes the copy of the admin.sqlite, closes connection and goes to the step 7.

  • Updating databases that do not support DDL statement rollback (MySql, Oracle)

    • creates the connection to the project database

    • starts to execute sql statements to update the project database.

    • if an error occurs while updating the project database writes error to the import log and continues until all statements will be processed

    • commits the changes

    • starts modifying the admin.sqlite database

    • closes connection and goes to the step 7.

Causes of errors

Due to the fact that all items and fields of Jam.py projects have a unique ID attribute, Jam.py very accurately generates sql queries to modify the project database.

While generating sql queries the application currently compares only metadata in the current and imported project. The errors can occur when the application, for example, tries to adds to a table a field that doesn’t exist in the current project metadata but exists in the database table, you created this field outside of Application Builder. This situations can be corrected using Manual mode in Application Builder, see Database, and changing the database.

If you won’t change tables, field and indexes of production database, there will be no problems. Carry out development on the development project and then import its metadata into production.

Note

For the databases that do not support DDL statement rollback (MySql, Oracle) we recommend that you make a backup of the project database and admin.sqlite before performing the import.

Note

For SQLite database, Jam.py doesn’t support importing of metadata into an existing project (project with tables in the database). You can only import metadata into a new project.

Roles

Select Roles node in the project tree to create and modify roles that defined users privileges. Each user must be assigned to one of roles defined in the project. A role defines the user’s rights to view, create, modify, and delete data.

To add or delete a role, use New and Delete buttons. To set permissions for a role, select the role in a role list and put or remove a check mark next to the appropriate column by clicking on it with the mouse: View, Create, Edit, Delete (allowed to view, create, modify and delete, respectively).

Jam.py roles

Users

If the Safe mode checkbox in the project parameters is checked, authentication is needed for a user to work in the system.

But before that, the user must be registered in the framework. To register a user select Users node, click New and fill in the form that appears:

New users dialog
  • Name – user name

  • Login - login

  • Password - password

  • Role – user role

  • Information - some additional information

  • Admin - if this flag is set, the user has the right to work in the Application builder.

Jam.py Application builder Users

See also

on_login event

Code editor

For every item of the project task tree there are two buttons in the upper-right corner of the Application builder : Client module and Server module.

Invoke code editor buttons

By clicking on these buttons the Code Editor for the client or server module of the item will be opened. (See Working with modules)

To the left of the Edior there is an information pane with four tabs:

  • Module - this tab displays all events and functions defined in the editor, double-click on one of them to move the cursor to the proper function.

  • Events - displays all the published event of the item, double-click to add a wrapper for the event at the current cursor position (see the on_before_post event on the figure above).

  • Task - the task tree, double-click on the node to enter the item_name at the current cursor position.

  • Fields - the field list of the current item, double-click on one of the fields to enter the field_name at the current cursor position.

To save changes click the OK button or press Ctrl-S.

To search the project modules, click the Find in project button or press Alt-F to display the Find inproject Dialog

Jam.py uses the ace editor editor to implement its code editor.

Here are keyboard shortcuts for the ace editor.

code editor

Task

Select Task node to get to the root of the project task tree.

Press the Edit button in the bottom of the page to change the name and caption of the task.

Use buttons in the right panel of the page to edit

Task node

Groups

Select the node with the name of the task to get to the groups of the project task tree.

At the bottom of the page there are 3 buttons:

  • Delete - click the button to delete an empty group.

  • Edit - click this button to modify the selected group, the corresponding Group Editor will appear.

  • New - use this button to create a new group. After that the you have to select a new group type in the Dialog box that will appear.

Group type

There are groups of three types: Item group, Report group, Table group, see task tree. For each of this group, its own editor will be shown:

Item Group Editor

Item Group Editor opens when a developer wants to create a new item group or modify an existing one. See Task tree

The upper part of the Item Group Editor have the following fields:

  • Caption - the group name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the group that will be used in programming code to get access to the group object. It should be unique in the project and should be a valid python identifier.

  • Visible - use this checkbox to set group’s visible attribute. The value of this attribute can be used in code on the client to create menu items and so on.

  • Primary key field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common primary key field for items that the group will own. You have to create this field first, see below

  • Deleted flag field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common field that will serve as a deleted flag for items that the group will own. You have to create this field first, see below

In the center part of the Item Group Editor dialog there is a table containing a list of fields, defined for the item. Thsese fields are common to all items the group will own.

To add, modify or delete a field use the following buttons:

  • New - click the button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to create a new field.

  • Edit - click the button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to modify a selected field.

  • Delete - click the button to delete a field selected in in the field list.

In the bottom-right corner of the Dialog form there are two buttons:

  • OK - click the button to save change you made.

  • Cancel - click the buttons to cancel the operation.

Note

You can create new or modify existing fields and set Primary key field and Deleted flag field attributes only when creating a new group or editing an empty one.

For existing item groups, that already own items you can only change Caption, Name and Visible attributes.

Item Group Editor

Report Group Editor

Report Group Editor opens when the developer wants to create a new report group or change an existing report group.

The upper part of the Report Group Editor have the following fields:

  • Caption - the group name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the group that will be used in programming code to get access to the group object. It should be unique in the project and should be a valid python identifier.

  • Visible - use this checkbox to set group’s visible attribute. The value of this attribute can be used in code on the client to create menu items and so on.

In the bottom-right corner of the Dialog form there are two buttons:

  • OK - click the button to save change you made.

  • Cancel - click the buttons to cancel the operation.

Item Group Editor

Detail Group Editor

Detail Group Editor opens when a developer wants to create a new detail group or modify an existing one. See Task tree

The upper part of the Detail Group Editor have the following fields:

  • Caption - the group name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the group that will be used in programming code to get access to the group object. It should be unique in the project and should be a valid python identifier.

  • Visible - use this checkbox to set group’s visible attribute. The value of this attribute can be used in code on the client to create menu items and so on.

  • Primary key field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common primary field for items that the group will own. You have to create this field first, see below

  • Deleted flag field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common field that will serve as a deleted flag for items that the group will own. You have to create this field first, see below

  • Master ID field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common field that will store ID of a master item for all detail items that the group will own, see Details. You have to create this field first, see below

  • Master record id field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the common field that will store primary key value of a master item record for all detail items that the group will own, see Details. You have to create this field first, see below

In the center part of the Detail Group Editor dialog there is a table containing a list of fields, defined for the item. Thsese fields are common to all items the group will own.

To add, modify or delete a field use the following buttons:

  • New - click this button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to create a new field.

  • Edit - click this button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to modify a selected field.

  • Delete - click the button to delete a field selected in in the field list.

In the bottom-right corner of the Dialog form there are two buttons:

  • OK - click the button to save change you made.

  • Cancel - click the buttons to cancel the operation.

Note

You can create new or modify existing fields and set Primary key field, Deleted flag field and Master ID field, Master record id field attributes only when creating a new group or editing an empty one.

For existing detail groups, that already own items you can only change Caption, Name and Visible attributes.

Detail Group Editor

Use buttons in the right panel of the page to edit Client and Server modules of a selected group, see

Group node

Items

Select a group node in the project tree to get access to items that this group owns, see Task tree.

At the bottom of the page there are 3 buttons:

  • New - click on New to create a new item in the Item Editor Dialog

  • Edit - use this button to modify item’s attributes as well to add, change or delete fields in the Item Editor Dialog

  • Delete - click on the button to delete an item and its underlying database table.

You can use the up and down arrows to arrange the items in the list. This may be useful for creating a menu or display it in some way on the web page.

The right panel of the page have following buttons:

  • Client module - click on this button to open the Code editor to edit client module of an item, see Working with modules.

  • Server module - click on this button to open the Code editor to edit server module of an item, see Working with modules.

  • View Form - use this button to invoke the View Form Dialog to set how the view form will be displayed.

  • Edit Form - use this button to invoke the Edit Form Dialog to set how the edit form will be displayed.

  • Filters - use this button to invoke the Filters Dialog to create, modify and delete item filters. See Filters.

  • Details - use this button to invoke the Details Dialog to add or remove details linked to the item.

  • Order - use this button to invoke the Order Dialog to specify how records will be ordered by default. See open method

  • Indices - сlick this button to open the Indices Dialog to create and delete indices for the item database table.

  • Foreign keys - сlick this button to open the Foreign Keys Dialog to create foreign keys for the database table.

  • Reports - сlick this button to open the Reports Dialog to specify reports that could printed for the item. A new project has a function that can be used to create a dropup button to print the reports.

  • Privileges - click this button to open a dialog to configure the privileges assigned to user roles for this item.

Task node

Item Editor Dialog

Item Editor dialog opens when a developer selects a Group node in the project tree of the Application builder and click on the New or Edit button to create a new item or modify a selected one. See Items.

Item Editor Dialog

The upper part of the Item Editor dialog have the following fields:

  • Caption - the item name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the item that will be used in programming code to get access to the item object. It should be unique in the project and should be a valid python identifier.

  • Table - the name of the table that will be created in the project database. This name is specified when creating an item, and can not be changed later.

  • Primary key field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the primary key field for the item. If the primary key field was defined for the group that owns the item it will be displayed there by default, otherwise you have to create this field first.

  • Deleted flag field - by clicking on the button to the right of this attribute you can specify the field that will serve as a deleted flag for the item. If the deleted flag field was defined for the group that owns the item it will be displayed there by default, otherwise you have to create this field first.

  • Visible - use this checkbox to set item’s visible attribute. The value of this attribute can be used in code on the client to create menu items and so on.

  • Soft delete - when this check-box is checked, the delete method does not erase a record physically from the table, but uses this field to mark the record as deleted. See Common fields, delete method (server), delete method (client).

  • Virtual table - if this checkbox is checked, no database table will be created. Use this options to create an item with in-memory dataset or to use its modules to write code. This checkbox must be set when creating an item and can not be changed later.

  • History - if this checkbox is checked, the application will saving for this item audit trail/change history made by users, see Saving audit trail/change history made by users

  • Edit lock - if this checkbox is checked, the application will use record locking while users concurrently edit a record, see Record locking

In the center part of the Item Editor dialog there is a table containing a list of fields, defined for the item. To add, modify or delete a field use the following buttons:

  • New - click this button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to create a new field.

  • Edit - click this button to invoke the Field Editor Dialog to modify a selected field.

  • Delete - click this button to delete a field selected in in the field list.

In the bottom-right corner of the Dialog form there are two buttons:

  • OK - click this button to save change you made. If the Virtual table checkbox is not checked and DB manual update parameter in the project Database Dialog is not set, the application will generate and execute SQL quesry to update the item table in the project Database (changes made to the fields will be applied to the table).

  • Cancel - click this buttons to cancel the operation.

Field Editor Dialog

Use the Field Editor Dialog to create a new or modify an existing field.

It has two tabs Field, Lookup and Interface.

Field tab
fields_editr_field.png

The Field tab have the following fields:

  • Caption - the field name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the field that will be used in programming code to get access to the field object. It should be a valid python identifier.

  • Type - type of the field — one of the following values:

    • TEXT

    • INTEGER

    • FLOAT

    • CURRENCY

    • DATE

    • DATETIME

    • BOOLEAN

    • LONGTEXT

    • FILE

    • IMAGE

  • Size - the size of the field for text fields.

  • Default value - the default value of the field, for boolean fields use 0 or 1

  • Required - if this checkbox is checked, the post method will raise an exception if this field is empty. See Modifying datasets.

  • Read only - this checkbox is checked, the field value can not be changed in the interface controls created by the create_inputs method on the client.

Lookup tab
fields_editr_lookup.png
  • Lookup item - the lookup item for Lookup fields

  • Lookup field - the lookup field for Lookup fields

  • Lookup field 2 - the lookup field 2 for Lookup fields

  • Lookup field 3 - the lookup field 3 for Lookup fields

  • Master field - the master field for Lookup fields

  • Typeahead - if this checkbox is checked, typeahead is enabled for the lookup field

  • Lookup value list - use it to specify a lookup list for an integer field

Interface tab
fields_editr_interface.png
  • Mask - use this attribute to specify the field_mask

  • TextArea - for text fields if this attribute is set the textarea element will be created for these fields in the Edit Form Dialog

  • Do not sanitize - set this attributeto prevent default sanitizing of the field value, see Sanitizing

  • Alignment - determines the alignment of text in the controls that display this field.

  • Placeholder - use this attribute to specify the placeholder that will be displayed by the field input.

  • Help - if any text / html-message is specified, a question mark will be displayed to the right of the input, so when the user moves the mouse pointer over this mark, a pop-up window appears displaying this message.

Interface tab for FILE field
fields_editr_file_interface.png file_btns.png
  • Download btn - uncheck the box to hide the download button (middle)

  • Open btn - uncheck the box to hide the open button (right)

  • Accept - the attribute specifies the types of files that can be loaded. This is an Accept string.

Note

Please note that Accept attribute is required. Uploaded files are checked on the server against this attribute.

Interface tab for Image field
fields_editr_image_interface.png
  • View width - specifies the width of an image in pixels when it is displayed in the table of the view form. If it not specified the width is auto

  • View height - specifies the height of an image in pixels when it is displayed in the table of the view form. If it not specified the height is auto

  • Edit width - specifies the width of an image in pixels when it is displayed in the edit form. If it not specified the width is auto

  • Edit height - specifies the heigth of an image in pixels when it is displayed in the edit form. If it not specified the heigth is auto

  • Capture from camera - if this checkbox is set, the user will be able to capture image from camera.

  • Placeholder image - double-click the image to set the placeholder image, that will be displayed when field image is not set. Hold Ctrl key and double-click the image to clear the placeholder image.

Edit Form Dialog

The Edit Fields Dialog opens when a developer selects the item in the Application builder and clicks the Edit Form button.

It has two tabs Layout and Form.

Layout tab

On the Layout tab, you can specify the fields that the user can edit, their order, create tabs and bands for grouping field inputs.

Edit Fields Dialog

The Layout tab has two lists of fields. The left list contains the fields that were selected for editing. In the right list there are available fields that you can select.

To select a field, select it in the right list and use the Left arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To unselect a field, select it in the left list and use the Right arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To order the selected fields use the buttons that located below left list.

On the right side of the “Layout” tab are the controls that you can use to specify the display options for the fields selected for editing on the form.

  • Columns - the number of columns that will be created for field inputs

  • Label size - select a value that determines the size of the labels displayed to the right of the field input:

    • xSmall

    • Small

    • Medium

    • Large

    • xLarge

  • In panel - if set, the div containing the inputs will have an inset effect

You can create tabs and bands and customize fields that you can edit on each tab or band.

On the right side of the tab there are three buttons for adding, editing or deleting tabs of the edit form.

On the left side of the tab there are two buttons for adding and deleting of bands.

Each tab can have several bands.

After creating tabs and bands, you can use field lists and controls on the right to customize the fields that will be edited on each tab and band.

Form tab
Edit Form layout tab

On this tab are the controls that you can use to specify the options of the edit form

  • Form border - if set, the border will be displayed around the form

  • Form header - if set, the form header will be created and displayed containing form title and various buttons

  • History - if set and saving change history is enabled, the history button will be displayed in the form header

  • Close button - if set, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form

  • Close on escape - - if set, pressing on the Escape key will close the form

  • Width - an integer, the width of the modal form, if not set the value is 600 px

  • Edit details - click the button to the right of the input field to select details, that will be available for editing in the edit form

  • Detail height - an integer, the height of the details desplayed in the edit form, if not set, the height of the detail table is 262px

  • Buttons on top - if this check box is checked the buttons are displayed on the top of the view form, when form has a default form template

  • Modeless form - if this check box is checked the form will be modeless, otherwise - modal.

Click the OK button to save to result or Cancel to cancel the operation.

After saving, you can see the changes by refreshing the project page.

View Form Dialog

The View Form Dialog opens when a developer selects the item in the Application builder and clicks the View Form button.

It has two tabs Layout and Form.

Layout tab

On the Layout tab, you can specify how the table is displayed in the view form of the item.

View Form Layout tab
Setting table fields

The Layout tab has two lists of fields. The left list contains the fields that were selected be displayed in the table. In the right list there are available fields that you can select.

To select a field, select it in the right list and use the Left arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To unselect a field, select it in the left list and use the Right arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To order the selected fields use the buttons that located below left list.

You can specify the width of the selected columns. To do this, select the field and enter its width in the Width column. The value can be specified in any supported CSS unit, for example, in pixels - px, in percentage, relative to the parent element - %. The width specified as an integer value is interpreted as the width specified in pixels.

Examples of column width values:

  • 100px

  • 100

  • 50%

  • 2cm

Setting table options

On the right side of the “Layout” tab are the controls that you can use to specify the options of the table displayed in the view form:

  • Multiple selection - if set, a leftmost column with check-boxes will be created to select records. So, that when a user clicks on the check-box, the value of the primary key field of the record will be added to or deleted from the selections attribute.

  • Dblclick edit - if set, the edit form will be displayed when the user double-clicks on the table row.

  • Number of rows - an integer number, if set, specifies the number of rows displayed by the table, otherwise, if Hight is not specified, the application calculates the height of the table, based on the page height

  • Height - an integer number, if set, specifies the height of the table in pixels, otherwise , if Number of rows is not specified, the application calculates the height of the table, based on the page height

  • Row lines - an integer, specifying the number of lines of text displayed in a table row, if it is 0, the height of the row is determined by the contents of the row cells

  • Selected row lines - an integer value, if Row lines is set and this value is greater that 0, it specifies the minimal number of lines of text displayed in the selected row of the table

  • Freeze columns - an integer, if it is greater than 0, it specifies number of first columns that become frozen - they will not scroll when the table is scrolled horizontally.

  • Sort fields - click the button to the right of the input field to open the list of fields and select the fields by which you can sort the contents of the table by clicking in the corresponding column header of the table.

  • Summary fields - click the button to the right of the input field to open the list of fields and the fields for which the summary will be calculated and displayed in the corresponding column footer. For for numeric fields sums will be calculated, for not numeric fields - the number of records.

You can get or change these values programmatically on the client by using the table_options attribute of the item

Form tab
View Form Form tab

On this tab are the controls that you can use to specify the options of the view form

  • Form border - if set, the border will be displayed around the form

  • Form header - if set, the form header will be created and displayed containing form title and various buttons

  • History - if set and saving change history is enabled, the history button will be displayed in the form header

  • Refresh button - if set, the refresh button will be created in the form header, that will allow users to refresh the page

  • Search - if set, the search input will be created in the form header

  • Defaul search field - click the button to the right of the input field to select a default search field

  • Filters - if set and there are visible filters, the filter button will be created in the form header

  • Close button - if set, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form

  • Close on escape - - if set, pressing on the Escape key will close the form

  • Width - an integer, the width of the modal form, if not set the value is 600 px

  • View details - click the button to the right of the input field to select details, that will be displayed in the view form

  • Detail height - an integer, the height of the details desplayed in the view form, if not set, the height of the detail table is 232px

  • Buttons on top - if this check box is checked the buttons are displayed on the top of the view form, when form has a default form template

You can get or change these values programmatically on the client by using the view_options attribute of the item

Click the OK button to save to result or Cancel to cancel the operation. After saving, you can see the changes by refreshing the project page.

Filters Dialog

Use Filters Dialog to create and modify item filters. See Filters

Filters Dialog

To add or edit a filter click on the appropriate button on the form. The following form will appear:

Filter Editor

Fill in the following fields:

  • Field - the field which will be used to filter records.

  • Caption - the filter name that appears to users.

  • Name - the name of the filter that will be used in programming code to get access to the filter object. It should be a valid python identifier.

  • Filter type - select filter type.

  • Placeholder - use this attribute to specify the placeholder that will be displayed by the field input.

  • Help - if any text / html-message is specified, a question mark will be displayed to the right of the input, so when the user moves the mouse pointer over this mark, a pop-up window appears displaying this message.

Help - if any text / html-message is specified, a question mark will be displayed to the right of the input, so when the user moves the mouse pointer over this label, a pop-up window appears displaying this message.

  • Visible - if this checkbox is not checked, this filter will not be displayed in the item Filters dialog.

Use the up and down arrows to place the filters in the order in which they will be displayed. See create_filter_inputs

Details Dialog

Use this dialog to setup details of an item. See Details.

Details Dialog

The Details Dialog has two panels. The left panel lists details that have been added. The right panel have available detail items that could be added as details.

To add a detail item as detail, select it in the right panel and use the Left arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To remove a detail, select it in the left panel and use the Right arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

Click the OK button to save to result or Cancel to cancel the operation.

Order Dialog

The Order Dialog opens when a developer selects the item in the Application builder (see Items ) and clicks on the Order button to specify how records will be ordered by default. See open method

Order Dialog

The Order Dialog has two panels. The left panel lists the fields that have been selected. The right panel have available fields that could be selected.

To select a field, select it in the right panel and use the Left arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To unselect a field, select it in the left panel and use the Right arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To order the selected fields use the buttons that located below left panel.

Click the Desc column to set descending/ascending sorting order for the field.

Click the OK button to save to result or Cancel to cancel the operation.

Indices Dialog

The Indices Dialog lists the indices that were created for the item table in the project database.

Indices Dialog

To delete an index click the Delete button. The application will generate the SQL query to drop the index and execute it on the server.

To create a new index click the New button. The following dialog will appear:

Index Dialog

Specify the fields to create an index on, by using left and right arrow buttons. Check the Descending checkbox if you want to create a descending index. If necessary, change the name of the index.

Click the OK button to create the index. The application will generate the SQL query to create the index and execute it on the server.

Click Cancel button to cancel the operation.

Foreign Keys Dialog

If an item has a lookup field, and in the definition of lookup item the soft delete attribute is not set, in order to maintain the integrity of the data, we can create a foreign key. See Foreign keys topic in FAQ

Foreign Keys Dialog

To do so click the New button, select the field and click OK.

Reports Dialog

The Reports Dialog opens when a developer selects the item in the Application builder (see Items ) and clicks on the Order button to specify reports that could printed for the item. A new project code has a function that can be used to print the reports.

Reports Dialog

The Reports Dialog has two panels. The left panel lists the reports that have been selected. The right panel have available reports that could be selected.

To select a report, select it in the right panel and use the Left arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To unselect a report, select it in the left panel and use the Right arrow button in the center or press Space key on a keyboard.

To order the selected reports use the buttons that located below left panel.

Click the OK button to save to result or Cancel to cancel the operation.

Details

To work with a detail of an item, expand a group node that owns the item and select that item in the tree. In the center of the Application builder all details of this item will be displayed.

The right panel of the page have following buttons:

  • Client module - click on this button to open the Code editor to edit client module of a detail, see Working with modules.

  • Server module - click on this button to open the Code editor to edit server module of a detail, see Working with modules.

  • View Form - use this button to invoke the View Form Dialog to set the fields to be displayed in tables on the client and their order, by default. See create_table method

  • Edit Form - use this button to invoke the Edit Form Dialog to set the fields to be displayed in edit forms on the client and their order, by default. See create_inputs method.

  • Order - use this button to invoke the Order Dialog to specify how records will be ordered by default. See open method

Use Edit button at the bottom of the page to change item_name or caption of a detail.

Jam.py details

Lookup List Dialog

Lookup list is a list of integer-text pairs that can used as a datasource for lookup fields.

Note

The length of the lookup list should not exceed 10

Lookup List Dialog

Click on the Edit/New buttons to edit/create a lookup list.

Lookup List

Then use the Edit/New buttons to edit/add a lookup pairs to the list.

Lookup Pair

Intergation with existing database

You can use Jam.py with existing database, that is supported by the framework.

  • Create a new project with existing database.

  • If you want to import tables in catalogs or journals groups, delete Common fields:

    Select Groups node in the project tree, dbl click corresponding group and delete common fields.

    Or create new empty groups.

  • Select Project node and click Database button. Set DB manual mode to true.

  • Select group you want to import a table to and click Import button.

  • In the form that will appear dbl click on the table to import it.

  • In the Item Editor Dialog check that all fields have valid types. If field type is displayed in the red, try to select appropriate type.

    You can import a subset of fields in the table.

    Before saving, specify the primary key field for the item and generator name, if necessary.

  • After saving the imported item, go to the project page and check how it is displayed.

  • After importing serveral tables, you can specify lookup fields (in DB manual mode).

Note

Please, do be very carefull when performing this operations.

When DB manual mode is removed any changes to the item will be reflected in the corresponding DB table. If you delete the item, the table will be dropped from the database.

Note

The database table to be imported must have a primary key with one field.

Note

Binary fields must not be imported.

Note

This is a new feature, so if you have some comments, suggestions or found some bugs please send a message.

Saving audit trail/change history made by users

To save change history made by users to must specify the item that will store them.

To do so, open project parameters and click the button to the right of the History item input:

History item

In the dialog that will appear click on the Create history item button

New history item

The following mesage will appear when the item will be created:

History item created

After that you have to set Keep history attribute of an item to save the history its changes:

Keep history attribute

To see the history of changes of a record click the icon to the left of the close button on the right part of the header of the edit form.

Invoices history

Or you can do it using the show_history method

Note

Changes are saved when dataset changes are applied to the database using apply method (client/server). Changes to database made with custom SQL requests are not saved in the history.

Note

These changes can significantly increase the size of the database. Please be carefull.

Record locking

In Jam.py, application you can implement a record locking while users concurrently edit a record.

Jam.py uses optimistic locking model, also referred to as optimistic concurrency control.

When an application executes the edit_record method, it receives the current version of the record from the server and saves it. When the user starts saving the record, the server application checks the current version of the record. If it differs from the stored value (another user changed it while the record were being edited), the application warns the user and prohibits saving.

This record locking mechanism is very easy to implement.

To do so you need to create an item that will store record version.

Open project parameters and click the button to the right of the Lock item input:

History item

In the dialog that will appear click on the Create lock item button:

New history item

After that you must set Edit lock attribute in the Item Editor Dialog:

Keep history attribute

Language support

Use Language Dialog to add, select and change your language.

lang_dialog.png

Language locale

Use language locale to set up how the field value will be displayed. See display_text

lang_locale.png

Language translation

See Language translation

lang_translation.png

Language translation

All language translations are stored in the langs.sqlite database in the “jam” folder in the package.

Note

Therefore, if you made some changes to the translation database and installed a new version of the package, you will use the translation database of this package where there will be no changes made by you.

Please, export you translation to a file!!!

If you want your language translation to be included to Jam.py package, export it to a file and send it me, Andrew Yushev.

Please note that Jam.py is constantly evolving and by submitting your translation you agree to make the necessary changes in the future. If you don’t mind you will be included to the contributors list.

Note

Do not change the following symbols %, %(item)s, %(field)s, %(filters)s

For example

english:

Can’t delete the field %(field)s. It’s used in field definitions:%(fields)s

russian translation:

Нельзя удалить поле %(field)s. Используется в определении полей:%(fields)s

Business application builder

Jam.py class reference

Server side is implemented in Python and uses Werkzeug library, the client side in JavaScript and uses JQuery and Bootstrap

Client side (javascript) class reference

All objects of the framework represent a task tree. Bellow is classes for each kind of task tree objects:

AbstractItem class

class AbstractItem()

domain: client

language: javascript

AbstractItem class is the ancestor for all item objects of the task tree

Below the attributes and methods of the class are listed.

Attrubutes
ID
ID

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

The ID attribute is the unique in the framework id of the item

The ID attribute is most useful when referring to the item by number rather than name. It is also used internally.

item_caption
item_caption

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Item_caption attribute specifies the name of the item that appears to users

item_name
item_name

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Specifies the name of the item as referenced in code. Use item_name to refer to the item in code.

item_type
item_type

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Specifies the type of the item.

Use the type attribute to get the type of the item. It can have one of the following values:

  • “task”,

  • “items”,

  • “details”,

  • “reports”,

  • “item”,

  • “detail_item”,

  • “report”,

  • “detail”

items
items

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Lists all items owned by the item.

Use items to access any of the item owned by this object.

owner

Indicates the item that owns this item.

owner

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use owner to find the owner of an item.

task

Indicates the root of the task tree that owns this item.

task

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use task attribute to find the root of the task tree of which the item is a member.

Mehods
abort
abort(message)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use abort method to throw exception.

It can be usefull when you need to abort execution of some ‘on_before’ events.

Example

The following code will throw exception with the text:

execution aborted: invoice_table - a quantity value is required

function on_before_post(item) {
    if (item.quantity.value === 0) {
        item.abort('a quantity value is required');
    }
}
alert
alert(mess, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use the alert method to create a pop-up message in the upper-right corner application that disappears after the first click on the page.

The mess parameter specifies the text that will be displayed.

The options parameter is an object with the following attributes:

  • type - indicates the type of the message - its font, background color and header text, if it is not specified in the header parameters. This must be one of the following:

    • ‘info’,

    • ‘error’,

    • ‘success’

    default value is ‘info’

  • header - specifies the header of the alert

  • pulsate - if true, the header will pulsate, the default value is true

  • show_header - if false, the header will not be displayed.

The methods alert_error and alert_success are the same as alert with the corresponding type options.

Example
item.alert_error('Failed to send the mail: ' + err);
item.alert('Successfully sent the mail');
can_view
can_view()

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use can_view method to determine if a user have a right to get access to an item dataset or to see report generated by report when the project Safe mode parameter is set. If the project Safe mode parameter is not set the method always returns true.

The user privileges are set in the roles node of the project tree.

Example
if (item.visible && item.can_view()) {
    $("#submenu")
        .append($('<li></li>')
        .append(
            $('<a href=""></a>')
                .text(item.item_caption)
                .data('item', item);
        )
    );
}
each_item
each_item(function(item))

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use each_item method to iterate over items owned by this object.

The each_item() method specifies a function to run for each child item (child item is passed as a parameter).

You can break the each_item loop at a particular iteration by making the callback function return false.

Example

The following code will output all catalogs of the project in a browser console:

function on_page_loaded(task) {
    task.catalogs.each_item(function(item) {
        console.log(item.item_name);
    })
}
hide_message
hide_message(form)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use hide_message method to close a modal form created by message method

The form parameter is a JQuery object returned by message method.

item_by_ID
item_by_ID(ID)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

item_by_ID searches among all items of the project task tree, starting with the current item, for an item whose ID attribute is equal to the ID parameter.

load_module
load_module(callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use load_module method to dynamically load javascript file of an item module, before executing callback.

The method checks whether the module has been loaded, if not, loads the module from the server, initializes the item and then executes the callback function, otherwise just the callback function is executed. The item is passed to the callback function as a parameter.

The request to the sever is executed asyncroniously.

Example

Bellow, the do_some_work function is executed only when an item module has been loaded:

function some_work(item) {
    item.load_module(do_some_work);
}

function do_some_work(item) {
    // some code
}
See also

Working with modules

load_modules

load_script

load_modules
load_modules(module_array, callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use load_modules method to dynamically load specified modules before executing the callback.

The method works the same way as load_module, only loads and initializes all modules of items specified in the module_array.

Example

Bellow, the do_some_work function is executed only when modules of the item and its owner has been loaded:

function some_work(item) {
    item.load_modules([item, item.owner], do_some_work);
}

function do_some_work(item) {
    // some code
}
See also

Working with modules

load_module

load_script

load_script
load_script(js_filename, callback, onload)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use load_script method to load javascript file from the server, before executing callback.

The method checks whether the file has been loaded, if not, loads it from the server, executes (if specified) onload function and then executes the callback, otherwise just the callback function is executed. The item is passed to the callback function as a parameter.

The js_filename should specify the path to javascript file relative to the server directory.

The request to the sever is executed asyncroniously.

Example

Bellow, the do_some_work function is executed only when lib.js file from server js directory has been loaded.

loaded:

function some_work(item) {
    item.load_script('js/lib.js', do_some_work);
}

function do_some_work(item) {
    // some code
}
See also

Working with modules

load_module

load_modules

message
message(mess, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use message method to create a modal form.

The mess parameter specifies the text or html content that will appear in the body of the form.

The options parameter is an object with the following attrubutes:

  • title - the title of the form,

  • width - the width of the form, the default width is 400px

  • height - the height of the form,

  • margin - use the margin attribute to define margins of the form body

  • text_center - if true, the body tags will be centered, the default value is false,

  • buttons - an object that define buttons that will be created in the footer of the form, keys of the object are button names, values - functions, that will be executed when button clicked,

  • button_min_width - the min width of the buttons, the default value is 100px,

  • center_buttons - if true, the buttons will be centered, the default value is false,

  • close_button - if this value is true, an application will create a close button in the upper-right corner of the form, the default value is true,

  • close_on_escape - if true, the form will be closed, when user press Escape, the default value is true,

  • print - if this value is true, an application will create a print button in the upper-right corner of the form to print the body of the form, the default value is false

The method returns a jquery object of the form. To programmatically close the form pass this object to hide_message method.

Examples

The following code will create a yes-no-cancel dialog:

function yes_no_cancel(item, mess, yesCallback, noCallback, cancelCallback) {
    var buttons = {
        Yes: yesCallback,
        No: noCallback,
        Cancel: cancelCallback
    };
    item.message(mess, {buttons: buttons, margin: "20px",
        text_center: true, width: 500, center_buttons: true});
}
task.message(
    '<a href="http://jam-py.com/" target="_blank"><h3>Jam.py</h3></a>' +
    '<h3>Demo application</h3>' +
    ' with <a href="http://chinookdatabase.codeplex.com/" target="_blank">Chinook Database</a>' +
    '<p>by Andrew Yushev</p>' +
    '<p>2015</p>',
    {title: 'Jam.py framework', margin: 0, text_center: true, buttons: {"OK": undefined},
        center_buttons: true}
);

the result of the code above will be:

Message methos example
question

Creates a modal form with OK, Cancel buttons

question(mess, yes_callback, no_callback, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use question to create a modal form with Ok and Cancel buttons.

The mess parameter specifies the text or html content that will appear in the body of the form.

If yes_callback, no_callback functions are specified they will be executed when user clicks on the Ok or Cancel button, respectively, and then the form will be closed.

Example

The following code creates a modal form, and delete selected record record when the user clicks the OK button:

item.question('Delete record?',
    function() {
        item.delete();
    }
);
server
server(func_name, params, callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use sever method to execute a function defined in the server module of an item.

Sever method executes a function with a name func_name defined in the server module of an item with parameters specified in params.

If callback is specified, the function on the server is executed asynchronously, after which the callback is executed with parameter that is the result of the server function execution, otherwise the function is executed synchronously and returns the result of the server function.

If exception was raised during the operation on the server and the callback parameter is not passed (synchronous execution), the client throws an exception. If the callback parameter is present, it is passed to the callback as parameter.

When exception is raised during the server function execution, the application on the client throws exception with the server exception text.

The first parameter of the function on the server must be item, it must be followed by the parameters specified in the function on the client.

params is a list of parameters. If there are not parameters, the params can be omitted.

Example

The function defined in the Invoices journal server module:

def get_total(item, id_value):
    result = 0;
    copy = item.copy()
    copy.set_where(id=id_value)
    copy.open()
    if copy.record_count():
        result = copy.total.value
    else:
        raise Exception, 'Journal "invoices" does not have a record with id  %s' % id_value
    return result;

the following code in the Invoices journal client module will execute this server function:

task.invoices.server('get_total', [17], function(total, err) {
    if (err) {
        throw err;
    }
    else {
        console.log(total);
    }
});
warning
warning(mess, callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use warning to create a modal form with the Ok button.

The mess parameter specifies the text or html content that will appear in the body of the form.

If callback function are specified it will be executed when user clicks the button and then the form will be closed.

Example
item.warning('No record selected.');
yes_no_cancel
yes_no_cancel(mess, yes_callback, no_callback, cancel_callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class AbstractItem

Description

Use yes_no_cancel to create a modal form with Yes No, Cancel buttons.

The mess parameter specifies the text or html content that will appear in the body of the form.

If yes_callback, no_callback, cancel_callback functions are specified they will be executed when user clicks on the Yes, No or Cancel button, respectively, and then the form will be closed.

Example

The following code is executed when user clicks on the close button in the upper right corner of an item edit form.

function on_edit_form_close_query(item) {
    var result = true;
    if (item.is_changing()) {
        if (item.is_modified()) {
            item.yes_no_cancel('Data has been modified. Save changes?',
                function() {
                    item.apply_record();
                },
                function() {
                    item.cancel_edit();
                }
            );
            result = false;
        }
        else {
            item.cancel();
        }
    }
    return result;
}

Task class

class Task()

domain: client

language: javascript

Task class is used to create the root of the Task tree of the project.

Below the attributes, methods and events of the class are listed.

It, as well, inherits attributes and methods of its ancestor class AbstractItem class

Attrubutes
forms_container
forms_container

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The forms_container is a JQuery object in which the application will create forms.

To initialize forms_container use the set_forms_container method or the create_menu method.

The default code uses the create_menu method.

See also

forms_in_tabs

create_menu

set_forms_container

forms_in_tabs
forms_in_tabs

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

If the forms_in_tabs attribute is set and forms_container is specified the application will create forms in tabs.

This attribute can be set in the Interface tab of Parameters.

safe_mode
safe_mode

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Check the safe_mode attribute to determine if the safe mode parameter of the project is set.

Example
function on_page_loaded(task) {

    $("#title").html(task.item_caption);
    if (task.safe_mode) {
        $("#user-info").text(task.user_info.role_name + ' ' + task.user_info.user_name);
        $('#log-out')
        .show()
        .click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            task.logout();
        });
    }

    task.tasks.view($("#content"));
}
See also

Parameters

user_info

on_page_loaded

templates
templates

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The templates attribute stores the form templates of the project.

See also

Form templates

Forms

user_info
user_info

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Use user_info attribute to get user information when project Safe mode parameter is set.

user_info is an object that has the following attributes:

  • user_id - the user id

  • user_name - the user name

  • role_id - user role id

  • role_name - the role assigned to the user

  • admin - if true the user can work in the Application builder

If safe mode is false the user_info attribute is an empty object.

Example
function on_page_loaded(task) {
    $("#title").html('Jam.py demo application');
    if (task.safe_mode) {
        $("#user-info").text(task.user_info.role_name + ' ' + task.user_info.user_name);
        $('#log-out')
        .show()
        .click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            task.logout();
        });
    }
    // some initalization code
}
See also

load

login

logout

Users

Roles

Mehods
add_tab
add_tab(container, tab_name, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The add_tab method creates a tab for a container.

The container is JQuery object for a container element.

The tab_name is the name of the tab.

Use can use the options to specify optional parameters. It is the object that can have the following attributes:

  • tab_id - a unique string identifing the tab

  • show_close_btn - if it is set to true the close tab button will appear that can be used to close the tab

  • set_active - if it is set to true the new tab will became active

  • on_close - a callback function that will be called when the close tab button is clicked

The function returns the JQuery object of the div with tab-pane class that will be displayed when tab became active.

Example

The following code will create tabs for editing Customers catalog. It uses create_inputs method:

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    var container = item.edit_form.find('.tabs');
    task.init_tabs(container);
    item.create_inputs(task.add_tab(container, 'Customer'),
        {fields: ['firstname', 'lastname', 'company', 'support_rep_id']}
    );
    item.create_inputs(task.add_tab(container, 'Address'),
        {fields: ['country', 'state', 'address', 'postalcode']}
    );
    item.create_inputs(task.add_tab(container, 'Contact'),
        {fields: ['phone', 'fax', 'email']}
    );
}

Below is the edit html template for Customers catalog:

<div class="customers-edit">
    <div class="form-body">
        <div class="tabs">
        </div>
    </div>
    <div class="form-footer">
        <button type="button" id="ok-btn" class="btn btn-ary expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-ok"></i> OK<small class="muted">&nbsp;[Ctrl+Enter]</small>
        </button>
        <button type="button" id="cancel-btn" class="btn expanded-btn">
            <i class="icon-remove"></i> Cancel
        </button>
    </div>
</div>
See also

init_tabs

close_tab

close_tab
close_tab(container, tab_id)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Use the close_tab method to close tab in the container identified by tab_id.

See also

init_tabs

add_tab

create_menu
create_menu: function(menu, forms_container, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The create_menu method created a menu based on the project task tree.

If display forms in tabs attribute of the project parameters is set, initializes tabs that will be created to display forms.

It iterates through the items of the task tree and adds items to the menu for which the visible attribute is set to true, and the user has the right to view them.

The method uses to assign on click event to the menu items so that for reports the print method will be executed when a user clicks it and the view method will be executed for other items.

The following parameters could be passed to the method:

  • menu - a JQuery object of the menu element from index.html file

  • forms_container a JQuery object of the element that will contain the forms created by the view method

  • options - an object that can have the following attributes:

    • view_first - if it is true the view form of the first item in the menu will be displayed after menu is created, the default value is false

    • create_single_group - if it is true and only one group in the task tree has items the menu item for the group will be created that have a drop down menu for group items, otherwise the menuitems for each item will be created, the default value is false

    • splash_screen - an html that will be displayed in the forms_container when all tabs are closed

Example
task.create_menu($("#menu"), $("#content"), {
    splash_screen: '<h1 class="text-center">Jam.py Demo Application</h1>',
    view_first: true
});
init_tabs
init_tabs(container, tabs_position)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The init_tabs method initializes tabs for a container.

The container is JQuery object for a container element.

The tabs_position parameter specifies where tabs, created by the add_tab method will be positioned. It is string that can be one of the following values:

  • tabs-below

  • tabs-left

  • tabs-right

If this parameter is omitted tabs will be positioned at the top of the container.

After this method is called you can use the add_tab method to create tabs.

See also

add_tab

close_tab

load
load(callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Load method loads the project task tree from the server and initilizes it.

When a Web browser loads the jam.js library in index.html file, jam.js creates an empty task object. The load method loads the project task tree from the server and initilizes it (see workflow). After that the application triggers on_page_loaded event.

Example

The following code is from the project index.html file.

<script src="/jam/js/jam.js"></script>
<script src="/js/events.js"></script>

<script>
$(document).ready(function(){
    task.load();
  });
</script>
See also

login

logout

user_info

Users

Roles

login
login(callback)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The login method creates a login form using the login form div defined in the templates of the index.html file. It is called by the load method when the project Safe mode parameter

See also

load

logout

user_info

Users

Roles

logout
logout()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Call logout to logout a user.

Example
function on_page_loaded(task) {
    $("#title").html('Jam.py demo application');
    if (task.safe_mode) {
        $("#user-info").text(task.user_info.role_name + ' ' + task.user_info.user_name);
        $('#log-out')
        .show()
        .click(function(e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            task.logout();
        });
    }
    // some initalization code
}
See also

load

login

user_info

Users

Roles

set_forms_container
set_forms_container(container, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

The set_forms_container can be used to initialize the forms_container attribute that will contain forms of the application.

If the forms_in_tabs attribute is set the applications also initializes the tabs that will be used to display forms.

The container is JQuery object that will be used as a container for the application forms.

The options parameter can have the following attribute:

  • splash_screen - an html that will be displayed in the forms_container when all tabs are closed

Example
task.set_forms_container($("#content"), {
    splash_screen: '<h1 class="text-center">Jam.py Demo Application</h1>'
});
See also

forms_container

forms_in_tabs

create_menu

upload
upload(options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task

Description

Use the upload method to select a file in the File open dialog box and upload it to the static/files directory in the server folder.

When saving the file on the server, the file name is changed by the Werkzeug secure_filename function and then the current date is added to it. See http://werkzeug.pocoo.org/docs/0.14/utils/

The options parameter is an object that may have the following attributes:

  • callback - is a callback function that is executed when the file is downloaded. It is passed, as parameters, the name of the file stored on the server, the name of the downloaded file and the path to the folder where the file was saved.

  • show_progress - if true and the uploaded file is large, the progress bar will be displayed. the defaul value is true

  • accept - the attribute specifies the types of files that can be submitted through a file upload, see Accept string

Note

Please note that the accept attribute specifies only types of files that can be picked up by the user in the browser.

The server checks all uploaded files for compliance with the Upload file extensions attribute of the Project parameters.

Events
on_edit_form_close_query

on_edit_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_edit_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_edit_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

close_edit_form

on_edit_form_created

on_edit_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_edit_form_created event is triggered by the create_edit_form method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose create_edit_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_keydown

on_edit_form_keydown(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_edit_form_keydown event is triggered when the keydown event occurs for the edit_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_keyup

on_edit_form_keyup(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_edit_form_keyup event is triggered when the keyup event occurs for the edit_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_shown

on_edit_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_edit_form_shown event is triggered by the create_edit_form method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose create_edit_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_filter_form_close_query

on_filter_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_filter_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_filter_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

close_filter_form

on_filter_form_created

on_filter_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_filter_form_created event is triggered by the create_filter_form method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose create_filter_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

on_filter_form_shown

on_filter_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_filter_form_shown event is triggered by the create_filter_form method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose create_filter_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

on_page_loaded

on_page_loaded(task)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_page_loaded event is the first event triggered on the client. See Workflow.

Use it to initialize the client.

The task parameter is the root of the client task tree.

See also

Workflow

Task tree

on_param_form_close_query

on_param_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_param_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_param_form method.

The report parameter is the report that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

Client-side report programming

close_param_form

on_param_form_created

on_param_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_param_form_created event is triggered by the create_param_form method, that, usually, is called by then print method.

The report parameter is the report that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

Client-side report programming

print

create_param_form

on_param_form_shown

on_param_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_param_form_shown event is triggered by the create_param_form method, that, usually, is called by then print method.

The report parameter is the report that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

Client-side report programming

print

create_param_form

on_view_form_close_query

on_view_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_view_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_view_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

close_view_form

on_view_form_created

on_view_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_view_form_created event is triggered by the view method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose view method has been called.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_keydown

on_view_form_keydown(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_view_form_keydown event is triggered when the keydown event occurs for the view_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_keyup

on_view_form_keyup(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_view_form_keyup event is triggered when the keyup event occurs for the view_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_shown

on_view_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Task class

Description

The on_view_form_shown event is triggered by the view method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the task, whose view method has been called.

See also

Forms

view

Group class

class Group()

domain: client

language: javascript

Group class is used to create group objects of the task tree

Below the events of the class are listed.

It, as well, inherits attributes and methods of its ancestor class AbstractItem class

Events
on_edit_form_close_query

on_edit_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_edit_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_edit_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

close_edit_form

on_edit_form_created

on_edit_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_edit_form_created event is triggered by the create_edit_form method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose create_edit_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_keydown

on_edit_form_keydown(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_edit_form_keydown event is triggered when the keydown event occurs for the edit_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_keyup

on_edit_form_keyup(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_edit_form_keyup event is triggered when the keyup event occurs for the edit_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_edit_form_shown

on_edit_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_edit_form_shown event is triggered by the create_edit_form method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose create_edit_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

on_filter_form_close_query

on_filter_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_filter_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_filter_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

close_filter_form

on_filter_form_created

on_filter_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_filter_form_created event is triggered by the create_filter_form method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose create_filter_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

on_filter_form_shown

on_filter_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_filter_form_shown event is triggered by the create_filter_form method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose create_filter_form method has been called.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

on_view_form_close_query

on_view_form_close_query(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_view_form_close_query event is triggered by the close_view_form method of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

See also

Forms

close_view_form

on_view_form_created

on_view_form_created(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_view_form_created event is triggered by the view method of the item when the form has been created but not shown yet.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose view method has been called.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_keydown

on_view_form_keydown(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_view_form_keydown event is triggered when the keydown event occurs for the view_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_keyup

on_view_form_keyup(item, event)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_view_form_keyup event is triggered when the keyup event occurs for the view_form of the item.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

The event is JQuery event object.

See also

Forms

view

on_view_form_shown

on_view_form_shown(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Group class

Description

The on_view_form_shown event is triggered by the view method of the item when the form has been shown.

The item parameter is the item that triggered the event.

This event, if defined, is triggered for every item of the group, whose view method has been called.

See also

Forms

view

Item class

class Item()

domain: client

language: javascript

Item class is used to create item objects of the task tree that may have an associated database table.

Below the attributes, methods and events of the class are listed.

It, as well, inherits attributes and methods of its ancestor class AbstractItem class

Attrubutes and properties
active
active

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Specifies whether or not an item dataset is open.

Use active read only property to determine whether an item dataset is open.

The open method changes the value of active to true. The close method sets it to false.

When the dataset is open its records can be navigated and its data can be modified and the changes saved in the item database table.

See also

Dataset

Navigating datasets

Modifying datasets

can_modify
active

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Set the can_modify property to false if you need to prohibit changing of the item in the visual controls.

When can_modify is true the can_create, can_edit, can_delete methods return false.

By default the can_modify property is true.

details
details

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Lists all detail objects of the item.

See also

Details

each_detail

edit_form
edit_form

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use edit_form attribute to get access to a Jquery object representing the edit form of the item.

It is created by the create_edit_form method.

The close_edit_form method sets the edit_form value to undefined.

Example

In the following example the button defined in the item edit html template is assigned a click event:

item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task',
    function() {
        item.apply_record();
    }
);
See also

Forms

create_edit_form

close_edit_form

edit_options
edit_options

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

The edit_options attribute is a set of options that determine how the edit form will be displayed on the browser page.

These options are set in the Edit Form Dialog in Application Builder.

You can change edit options in the on_edit_form_created event handler of the item. See example.

edit_options is an object that has the following attributes:

Option

Description

width

the width of the modal form, the default value is 600 px,

title

the title of the form, the default value is the value of a item_caption attribute,

form_border

if true, the border will be displayed around the form

form_header

if true, the form header will be created and displayed containing form title and various buttons

history_button

if true and saving change history is enabled, the history button will be displayed in the form header

close_button

if true, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form

close_on_escape

if true, pressing on the Escape key will execute the close_edit_form method to close the form

edit_details

the list of the detail names, that will be available for editing in the edit form, if edit form template contains the div with class ‘edit-detail’ (the default edit form template have this div)

detail_height

the height of the detail desplayed in the view form, if not specified the height of the detail table is 200px

fields

specify the list of field names that the create_inputs method will use, if fields attribute of its options parameter is not specified

template_class

if specified, the div with this class will be searched in the task templates attribute and used as a form html template when creating a form. This attribute must be set before creating the form

modeless

if set the edit forms will be created modeless, otherwise - modal

Example
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_options.width = 800;
    item.edit_options.close_on_escape = false;
}
See also

Forms

create_edit_form

close_edit_form

fields
fields

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Lists all field objects of the item.

Example
function customer_fields(customers) {
    customers.open({limit: 1});
    for (var i = 0; i < customers.fields.length; i++) {
        console.log(customers.fields[i].field_caption, customers.fields[i].display_text);
    }
}
See also

Fields

Field class

each_field

filter_form
filter_form

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use filter_form attribute to get access to a Jquery object representing the filter form of the item.

It is created by the create_filter_form method.

The close_filter_form method sets the filter_form value to undefined.

Example

In the following example the button defined in the item filter html template is assigned a click event:

item.filter_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click',
    function() {
        item.close_filter()
    }
);
See also

Forms

create_filter_form

close_filter_form

filter_options
filter_options

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use the filter_options attribute to specify parameters of the modal filter form.

filter_options is an object that has the following attributes:

  • width - the width of the modal form, the default value is 560 px,

  • title - use it to get or set the title of the filter form,

  • close_button - if true, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form, the default value is true,

  • close_caption - if true and close_button is true, will display ‘Close - [Esc]’ near the button

  • close_on_escape - if true, pressing on the Escape key will trigger the close_filter_form method.

  • close_focusout - if true, the close_filter_form method will be called when a form loses focus

  • template_class - if specified, the div with this class will be searched in the task templates attribute and used as a form html template when creating a form

Example
function on_filter_form_created(item) {
    item.filter_options.width = 700;
}
See also

Forms

create_filter_form

close_filter_form

Filtered
filtered

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Specifies whether or not filtering is active for a dataset.

Check filtered to determine whether or not local dataset filtering is in effect. If filtered is true, then filtering is active. To apply filter conditions specified in the on_filter_record event handler, set filtered to true.

See also

on_filter_record

filters
filters

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Lists all filter objects of the item.

Example
function invoices_filters(invoices) {
    for (var i = 0; i < invoices.filters.length; i++) {
        console.log(invoices.filters[i].filter_caption, invoices.filters[i].value);
    }
}
See also

Filters

Filter class

each_filter

item_state
item_state

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item

Description

Examine item_state to determine the current operating mode of the item. Item_state determines what can be done with data in an item dataset, such as editing existing records or inserting new ones. The item_state constantly changes as an application processes data.

Opening a item changes state from inactive to browse. An application can call edit to put an item into edit state, or call insert or append to put an item into insert state.

Posting or canceling edits, insertions, or deletions, changes item_state from its current state to browse. Closing a dataset changes its state to inactive.

To check item_state value use the following methods:

  • is_new - indicates whether the item is in insert state

  • is_edited - indicates whether the item is in edit state

  • is_changing - indicates whether the item is in edit or insert state

item_state value can be:

  • 0 - inactive state,

  • 1 - browse state,

  • 2 - insert state,

  • 3 - edit state,

  • 4 - delete state

item task attribute have consts object that defines following attributes:

  • “STATE_INACTIVE”: 0,

  • “STATE_BROWSE”: 1,

  • “STATE_INSERT”: 2,

  • “STATE_EDIT”: 3,

  • “STATE_DELETE”: 4

so if the item is in edit state can be checked the following way:

item.item_state === 2

or:

item.item_state === item.task.consts.STATE_INSERT

or:

item.is_new()
See also

Modifying datasets

log_changes
log_changes

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Indicates whether to log data changes.

Use log_changes to control whether or not changes made to the data in an item dataset are recorded. When log_changes is true (the default), all changes are recorded. They can later be applied to an application server by calling the apply method. When log_changes is false, data changes are not recorded and cannot be applied to an application server.

See also

Modifying datasets

apply

lookup_field
lookup_field

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use lookup_field to check if the item was created to select a value for the lookup field. See Lookup fields

Example
function on_view_form_created(item) {
    item.table_options.multiselect = false;
    if (!item.lookup_field) {
        var print_btn = item.add_view_button('Print', {image: 'icon-print'}),
            email_btn = item.add_view_button('Send email', {image: 'icon-pencil'});
        email_btn.click(function() { send_email() });
        print_btn.click(function() { print(item) });
        item.table_options.multiselect = true;
    }
}
paginate
paginate

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

The paginate attribute determines the behavior of a table created by the create_table method

When paginate is set to true, a paginator is created, and the table calculates the number of the rows displayed, based on its height. The table will internally manipulate the limit and offset parameters of the open method, depending on its height and current page, reopening the dataset when page changes.

If paginate value is false, the table will displays all available records of the dataset.

See also

create_table

open

permissions
permissions

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Set the permissions property attributes to prohibit changing of the item in the visual controls.

The permissions property is an object that has the following attributes:

  • can_create

  • can_edit

  • can_delete

By default theses attributes are set to true.

When these attributes are set to false the corresponding

methods return false.

See also

How to prohibit changing record

read_only
read_only

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Read the read_only property to determines whether the data can be modified in data-aware controls.

Set read_only property to true to prevent data from being modified in data-aware controls.

When you assign a value to the read_only property, the application sets the read_only property of all the details and the read_only property of each field to that value.

If the user role prohibits editing of the record, read_only always returns true.

See also

read_only

Example

In this example we first set read_only attribute of the invoices item to true. It makes all fields and invoice_table detail read only. After that we allow a user to edit customer field and invoice_table detail.

function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.read_only = true;
    item.customer.read_only = false;
    item.invoice_table.read_only = false;
}
rec_count
rec_count

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Read the rec_count property to get the number of records ownered by the item’s dataset.

If the module declares an on_filter_record event handler and the Filtered attribute is set, this property calculates the number of records that satisfy this filter, otherwise the record_count method is used to calculate the number of records.

See also

record_count

Example
function edit_invoice(invoice_id) {
    var invoices = task.invoices.copy();
    invoices.open({ where: {id: invoice_id} }, function() {
        if (invoices.rec_count) {
            invoices.edit_record();
        }
        else {
            invoices.alert_error('Invoices: record not found.');
        }
    });
}
rec_no
rec_no

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Examine the rec_no property to determine the record number of the current record in the item dataset. rec_no can be set to a specific record number to position the cursor on that record.

Example
function calculate(item) {
    var subtotal,
        tax,
        total,
        rec;
    if (!item.calculating) {
        item.calculating = true;
        try {
            subtotal = 0;
            tax = 0;
            total = 0;
            item.invoice_table.disable_controls();
            rec = item.invoice_table.rec_no;
            try {
                item.invoice_table.each(function(d) {
                    subtotal += d.amount.value;
                    tax += d.tax.value;
                    total += d.total.value;
                });
            }
            finally {
                item.invoice_table.rec_no = rec;
                item.invoice_table.enable_controls();
            }
            item.subtotal.value = subtotal;
            item.tax.value = tax;
            item.total.value = total;
        }
        finally {
            item.calculating = false;
        }
    }
}
See also

Dataset

Navigating datasets

selections
selections

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

The selections attribute stores a list of a primary key field values.

When a Multiple selection check box is checked on the Layout tab in the View Form Dialog or multiselect attribute of the table_options is set programmatically, the check box in the leftmost column of the table appears and each time a user clicks on the check box, the selections attrubute changes.

It can also be changed programmatically by using add or remove methods or assigning an array.

Example

In this example, the send_email function, on the client, uses Customers selection attribute to get array of primary key field values selected by users and send them to the send_email function defined in the server module of the item using the server method

function send_email(subject, message) {
    var selected = task.customers.selections;
    if (!selected.length) {
        selected.add(task.customers.id.value);
    }

    item.server('send_email', [selected, subject, message],
        function(result, err) {
            if (err) {
                item.alert('Failed to send the mail: ' + err);
            }
            else {
                item.alert('Successfully sent the mail');
            }
        }
    );
}

On the server, this array is used to retrieve information about selected customers using open method

import smtplib

def send_email(item, selected, subject, mess):
    cust = item.task.customers.copy()
    cust.set_where(id__in=selected)
    cust.open()
    to = []
    for c in cust:
        to.append(c.email.value)

    # code that sends email
table_options
table_options

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

The table_options attribute is a set of options that determine how the table of the view form of will be displayed. Options defined in it are used by the create_table method if its options parameter don’t override corresponding option.

These options are set in the Layout tab of the View Form Dialog in Application Builder.

You can change table_options in the on_view_form_created event handler of the item. See example.

The table_options parameter is an object that may have the following attributes:

Option

Description

row_count

specifies the number of rows displayed by the table

height

if row_count is not specified, it determines the height of the table, the default value is 480. The table at creation calculates the number of rows displayed (row_count), based on the value of this parameter.

fields

a list of field names. If specified, a column will be created for each field whose name is in this list, if not specified (the default) then the fields attribute of an view_options will be used

title_line_count

specifies the number of lines of text displayed in a title row, if it is 0, the height of the row is determined by the contents of the title cells

row_line_count

specifies the number of lines of text displayed in a table row, if it is 0, the height of the row is determined by the contents of the cells

expand_selected_row

if row_line_count is set and expand_selected_row is greater that 0, it specifies the minimal number of lines of text displayed in the selected row of the table

title_word_wrap

specifies if the column title text can be wrapped.

column_width

the width of the columns are calulated by a Web Browser. You can use this option to force the width of columns. The option is an object, key values of which are field names, the values are column widths as CSS units

editable_fields

the list of field names could be edited in the table.

selected_field

if editable_fields are set, specifies the name of the field whose column will be selected, when the selected row is changed.

sortable

if this option is specified, it is possible to sort the records by clicking on the table column header. When a sort_fields option is not specified (default), a user can sort records on any field, otherwise, only on the fields whose names are listed in this option.

sort_fields

the list of field names on which the table can be sorted, by clicking on the corresponding table column header. If an item is a detail the operation is performed on the client, otherwise sorting is performed on the server (the open method is used internally).

summary_fields

a list of field names. When it is specified, the table calculates sums for numeric fields and displays them in the table footer, for not numeric fields it displays the number of records.

freeze_count

an integer value. If it is greater than 0, it specifies number of first columns that become frozen - they will not scroll when the table is scrolled horizontally.

show_hints

if true, the tooltip will be displayed when the user hovers the mouse over a table cell, and the cell text does not fit in the cell size. The default value is true.

hint_fields

a list of field names. If it is specified, the tooltip will be displayed only for fields from this list, regardless of the value of show_hints option value.

on_click

specifies the function, that will be executed when a user click on a table row. The item will be passed as a parameter to the function.

on_dblclick

specifies the function, that will be executed when a user double click on a table row. The item will be passed as a parameter to the function.

dblclick_edit

if the value of the option is set to true and the on_dblclick option is not set, the edit form will be shown when a user double click on a table row.

multiselect

if this option is set, a leftmost column with check-boxes will be created to select records. So, that when a user clicks on the check-box, the value of the primary key field of the record will be added to or deleted from the selections attribute.

select_all

if true, the menu will appear in the leftmost column of the table header, which will allow the user selects all records that match the current filters and the search value.

row_callback

the callback functions called each time fields of the record are changed. Two parameters are passed to the function - item, whose record has changed and JQuery object of the corresponding row of the table. Please be carefull - the item passed to the function can be not item itself, but its clone that share the same dataset.

Example
function on_view_form_created(item) {
    item.table_options.row_line_count = 2;
    item.table_options.expand_selected_row = 3;
}

The code in the following two examples does the same:

item.invoice_table.create_table(item.view_form.find('.view-detail'), {
    height: 200,
    summary_fields: ['date', 'total'],
});
item.invoice_table.table_options.height = 200;
item.invoice_table.table_options.summary_fields = ['date', 'total'];
item.invoice_table.create_table(item.view_form.find('.view-detail'));
See also

View Form Dialog

on_view_form_created

create_table

view_form
view_form

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use view_form attribute to get access to a Jquery object representing the view form of the item.

It is created by the view method.

The close_view_form method sets the view_form value to undefined.

Example

In the following example the button defined in the item html template is assigned a click event:

item.view_form.find("#new-btn").on('click',
    function() {
        item.insert_record();
    }
);
See also

Forms

view

create_view_form

close_view_form

view_options
view_options

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

The view_options attribute is a set of options that determine how the view form of will be displayed on the browser page.

These options are set in the View Form Dialog in Application Builder.

You can change view options in the on_view_form_created event handler of the item. See example.

view_options is an object that has the following attributes:

Option

Description

width

the width of the modal form, the default value is 600 px

title

the title of the form, the default value is the value of a item_caption attribute,

form_border

if true, the border will be displayed around the form

form_header

if true, the form header will be created and displayed containing form title and various buttons

history_button

if true and saving change history is enabled, the history button will be displayed in the form header

refresh_button

if true, the refresh button will be created in the form header, that will allow users to refresh the page by sending request to the server

enable_search

if true, the search input will be created in the form header

search_field

the name of the field that will be the default search field

enable_filters

if true and there are visible filters, the filter button will be created in the form header

close_button

if true, the close button will be created in the upper-right corner of the form

close_on_escape

if true, pressing on the Escape key will execute the close_view_form method to close the form

view_details

the list of detail names, that will be displayed in the view form, if view form template contains the div with class ‘view-detail’ (the default view form template have this div)

detail_height

the height of the details desplayed in the view form, if not specified the height of the detail table is 200px

modeless

if true, the form will be displayed as modeless

template_class

if specified, the div with this class will be searched in the task templates attribute and used as a form html template when creating a form. This attribute must be set before the form is created

Example
function on_view_form_created(item) {
    item.view_options.width = 800;
    item.view_options.close_button = false;
    item.view_options.close_on_escape = false;
}
See also

Forms

view

virtual_table
virtual_table

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use the read-only virtual_table property to find out if the item has a corresponding table in the project database.

If virtual_table is True there is no corresponding table in the project database. You can use these items to work with in-memory dataset or use its modules to write code. Calling the open method creates an empty data set, and calling the apply method does nothing.

Mehods
add_edit_button
add_edit_button(text, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use add_edit_button to dynamically add a button in the edit form.

This method have the same parameters as the add_view_button method

add_view_button
add_view_button(text, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use add_view_button to dynamically add a button in the view form.

This method is usually used in the on_view_form_created events.

The following parameters are passed to the method:

  • text - the text that will be displayed on the button

  • options - options that specify additional properties of the button

The options parameter is an object that may have following attributes:

  • parent_class_name is a class name of the parent element, the default value is ‘form-footer’

  • btn_id - the id attribute of the button

  • btn_class - the class of the button

  • type - specifies the type (color) of the button, it can be one of the following text values:

    • primary

    • success

    • info

    • warning

    • danger

  • image - an icon class, one of the icons by Glyphicons from http://getbootstrap.com/2.3.2/base-css.html

  • secondary: if this attribute is set to true, the button will be right aligned if Buttons on top attribute of the View Form Dialog is set, otherwise left aligned.

  • expanded - if set to true the button will have class ‘expanded-btn’ and that defines its min-width to 120px, default true

The method returns a JQuery object of the button.

Examples
function on_view_form_created(item) {
    var btn = item.add_view_button('Select', {type: 'primary'});
    btn.click(function() {
        item.select_records('track');
    });
}

function on_view_form_created(item) {
    if (!item.view_form.hasClass('modal')) {
        var print_btn = item.add_view_button('Print', {image: 'icon-print'}),
            email_btn = item.add_view_button('Send email', {image: 'icon-pencil'});
        email_btn.click(function() { send_email() });
        print_btn.click(function() { print(item) });
    }
}
append
append()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Open a new, empty record at the end of the dataset.

After a call to append, an application can enable users to enter data in the fields of the record, and can then post those changes to the item dataset using post method, and then apply them to the item database table, using apply method.

The append method

  • checks if item dataset is active , otherwise raises exception

  • if the item is a detail , checks if the master item is in edit or insert state , otherwise raises exception

  • if the item is not a detail checks if it is in browse state , otherwise raises exception

  • triggers the on_before_append event handler if one is defined for the item

  • open a new, empty record at the end of the dataset

  • puts the item into insert state

  • triggers the on_after_append event handler if one is defined for the item.

  • updates data-aware controls

See also

Modifying datasets

append_record
append_record(container)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Open a new, empty record at the end of the dataset and creates an edit_form for visuall editing of the record.

If container parameter (Jquery object of the DOM element) is specified the edit form html template is inserted in the container.

If container parameter is not specified but Modeless form attribute is set in the Edit Form Dialog or modeless attribute of the edit_options is set programmatically and task has the forms_in_tabs attribute set and the application doesn’t have modal forms, the modeless edit form will be created in the new tab of the forms_container object of the task.

In all other cases the modal form will be created.

If adding of a record is allowed in modeless mode, the application calls the copy method to create a copy of the item. This copy will be used to append the record.

The append_record method

  • calls the can_create method to check whether a user have a right to append a record, and if not, returns

  • checks whether the item is in edit or insert state , and if not, calls the append method to append a record

  • calls the create_edit_form method to create a form for visuall editing of the record

See also

Modifying datasets

append

can_create

apply
apply(callback, params, async)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Sends all updated, inserted, and deleted records from the item dataset to the application server for writing to the database.

The apply method can have the following parameters:

  • callback: if the parameter is not present and async parameter is false or undefined, the request to the server is sent synchronously, otherwise, the request is executed asynchronously and after the response is received, the callback is executed

  • params - an object specifying user defined params, that can be used on the server in the on_apply event handler for some additional processing

  • async: if its value is true, and callback parameter is missing, the request is executed asynchronously

The order of parameters doesn’t matter.

The apply method

  • checks whether the item is a detail, and if it is, returns (the master saves the details changes)

  • checks whether the item is in edit or insert state , and if so, posts the record

  • checks if the change log has changes, and if not, executes callback if it is passed and then returns

  • triggers the on_before_apply event handler if one is defined for the item

  • sends changes to the server

  • server on receiving the request checks whether on_apply event handler is defined for the item, and if it is, executes it, otherwise generates and executes SQL query to write changes to the database, see also on_apply events topic

  • when generating an SQL query, checks whether a user, that send the request, has rights to make these changes, if not raises an exception

  • writes changes to the database

  • after writing changes to the database, server sends to the client results of the execution

  • if exception was raised during the operation on the server the client throws an exception, before throwing exception, if the callback parameter is passed, it is called and the error is passed as the callback function parameter

  • the client, based on the results, updates the change log

  • triggers the on_after_apply event handler if one is defined for the item

  • if the callback parameter is passed, it is called.

Note

The server, before writing new records to the database table, generates values for the primary fields. The client updates these fields, based on information received from the server. If you change values of some other fields in the on_apply event handler, these changes will not be reflected on the client. You can update them yourself using, for example, refresh_record method

Example
var self = this;
this.apply(function(err) {
    if (err) {
        self.alert_error(err);
    }
    else {
        //some code to execute after appling changes
    }
});
See also

Modifying datasets

apply_record
apply_record()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Writes changes to the application dataset.

The apply_record method

  • calls the apply to writes changes to the dataset.

  • calls the close_edit_form method to destroy the edit_form

See also

Modifying datasets

close_edit_form

apply

assign_filters
assign_filters(item)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use assign_filters to set filter values of the item to values of filters of the item parameter.

Example
function calc_footer(item) {
    var copy = item.copy({handlers: false, details: false});
    copy.assign_filters(item);
    copy.open(
        {fields: ['subtotal', 'tax', 'total'],
        funcs: {subtotal: 'sum', tax: 'sum', total: 'sum'}},
        function() {
            var footer = item.view_form.find('.dbtable.' + item.item_name + ' tfoot');
            copy.each_field(function(f) {
                footer.find('div.' + f.field_name)
                    .css('text-align', 'right')
                    .css('color', 'black')
                    .text(f.display_text);
            });
        }
    );
}
See also

Filtering records

Filters

bof
bof()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Test bof (beginning of file) method to determine if the cursor is positioned at the first record in an item dataset.

If bof returns true, the cursor is unequivocally on the first row in the dataset. bof returns true when an application

  • Opens an item dataset.

  • Calls an item’s first method.

  • Call an item’s prior method, and the method fails (because the cursor is already on the first row in the dataset).

bof returns false in all other cases.

Note

If both eof and bof return true, the item dataset is empty.

See also

Dataset

Navigating datasets

calc_summary
calc_summary(detail, fields)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use the calc_summary method to calculate sums for fields of a detail and save these values in fields of its master in the on_detail_changed event handler.

The detail parameter is the detail for the fields of which the sums are calculated.

The fields parameter is an object that defines the correspondence between the master and detail fields. The keys of this object are the master fields, the values are the corresponding details fields. If the detail field is a numeric field, its sum is calculated, otherwise the resulting value will be the number of records. The value of this object can be a function that returns the result of the calculation for a record of the detail.

Example
function on_detail_changed(item, detail) {
    var fields = [
        {"total": "total"},
        {"tax": "tax"},
        {"subtotal": function(d) {return d.quantity.value * d.unitprice.value}}
    ];
    item.calc_summary(detail, fields);
}
See also

on_detail_changed Details

can_create
can_create()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item

Description

Use can_create method to determine if a user have a right to create a new record.

This method takes into account the user permissions set in the roles node in the Application Builder when the project safe mode parameter is set as well as the values of the permissions attribute and the value of can_modify attribute.

Example
if (item.can_create()) {
    item.view_form.find("#new-btn").on('click',
        function() {
            item.append_record();
        }
    );
}
else {
    item.view_form.find("#new-btn").prop("disabled", true);
}
See also

Parameters

can_delete
can_delete()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item

Description

Use can_delete method to determine if a user have a right to delete a record of an item dataset.

This method takes into account the user permissions set in the roles node in the Application Builder when the project safe mode parameter is set as well as the values of the permissions attribute and the value of can_modify attribute.

Example
if (item.can_delete()) {
    item.view_form.find("#delete-btn").on('click',
        function() {
            item.delete_record();
        }
    );
}
else {
    item.view_form.find("#delete-btn").prop("disabled", true);
}
can_edit
can_edit()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item

Description

Use can_edit method to determine if a user have a right to edit a record of an item dataset.

This method takes into account the user permissions set in the roles node in the Application Builder when the project safe mode parameter is set as well as the values of the permissions attribute and the value of can_modify attribute.

Example
if (item.can_edit()) {
    item.view_form.find("#edit-btn").on('click',
        function() {
            item.edit_record();
        }
    );
}
else {
    item.view_form.find("#edit-btn").prop("disabled", true);
}
cancel
cancel()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Call cancel to undo modifications made to one or more fields belonging to the current record, as long as those changes are not already posted to the item dataset.

Cancel

  • triggers the on_before_cancel event handler if one is defined for the item.

  • to undo modifications made to the current record and its details if the record has been edited or removes the new record if one was appended or inserted.

  • puts the item into browse state

  • triggers the on_after_cancel event handler if one is defined for the item.

  • updates data-aware controls

See also

Modifying datasets

cancel_edit
cancel_edit()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Cancel visual editing on the record

The cancel_edit method

  • calls the close_edit_form method to destroy the edit_form

  • calls the cancel method to undo modifications made to the record

See also

Modifying datasets

close_edit_form

cancel

clear_filters
clear_filters()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use clear_filters to set filter values of the item to null.

See also

Filtering records

Filters

clone
clone(keep_filtered)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use the clone method to create a copy of an item that shares with it its dataset. The clone item has its own cursor, so you can navigate it and the cursor position of the item doesn’t change.

Set the keep_filtered parameter to true if you want the clone to have the same local filter as the item.

Example
function calc_sum(item) {
    var clone = item.clone(),
        result = 0;
    clone.each(function(c) {
        result += c.sum.value;
    })
    return result;
}
See also

on_filter_record

close
close()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Call сlose to close an item dataset. After dataset is closed the active property is false.

See also

Dataset

open

close_edit_form
close_edit_form()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use close_edit_form method to close the edit form of the item.

The close_edit_form method triggers the on_edit_form_close_query event handler of the item, if one is defined. If the event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s edit_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_edit_form_close_query of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s edit_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_edit_form_close_query of the task. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s edit_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If no event handler is defined or none of these event handlers return false, the form is destroyed and the item’s edit_form atrribute is set to undefined.

See also

Forms

create_edit_form

edit_form

close_filter_form
close_filter_form()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use close_filter_form method to close the filter form of the item.

The close_filter_form method triggers the on_filter_form_close_query event handler of the item, if one is defined. If the event handler is defined and

  • returns ``false`` - the form is destroyed, the item’s filter_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_filter_form_close_query of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s filter_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_filter_form_close_query of the task. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s filter_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If no event handler is defined or none of these event handlers return false, the form is destroyed and the item’s filter_form atrribute is set to undefined.

See also

Forms

create_filter_form

filter_form

close_view_form
close_view_form()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use close_view_form method to close the view form of the item.

The close_view_form method triggers the on_view_form_close_query event handler of the item, if one is defined. If the event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s view_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_view_form_close_query of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s view_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If it don’t return a value (undefined) the method triggers the on_view_form_close_query of the task. If this event handler is defined and

  • returns true - the form is destroyed, the item’s view_form atrribute is set to undefined and the methods exits

  • return false - the operation is aborted and the methods exits,

If no event handler is defined or none of these event handlers return false, the form is destroyed and the item’s view_form atrribute is set to undefined.

See also

Forms

view

view_form

copy
copy(options)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use copy to create a copy of an item. The created copy is not added to the task tree and will be destroyed by JavaScript garbage collection process when no longer needed.

All attributes of the copy object are defined as they were at the time of loading of the task tree when application started. See Workflow

Options parameter further specifies the created copy. It can have the following attributes:

  • handlers - if the value of this attribute is true, all the settings to the item made in the Form Dialogs in the Application Builder and all the functions and events defined in the client module of the item will also be available in the copy. The default value is true.

  • filters - if the value of this attribute is true, the filters will be created for the copy, otherwise there will be no filters. The default value is true.

  • details - if the value of this attribute is true, the details will be created for the copy, otherwise there will be no details. The default value is true.

Example

The following code is used in the Demo project to asynchronously calculate total values of the fields, displayed at the foot of the Invoice journal table:

function on_filter_applied(item) {
    var copy = item.copy({handlers: false, details: false});
    copy.assign_filters(item);
    copy.open(
        {fields: ['subtotal', 'tax', 'total'],
        funcs: {subtotal: 'sum', tax: 'sum', total: 'sum'}},
        function() {
            var footer = item.view_form.find('.dbtable.' + item.item_name + ' tfoot');
            copy.each_field(function(f) {
                footer.find('div.' + f.field_name)
                    .css('text-align', 'right')
                    .css('color', 'black')
                    .text(f.display_text);
            });
        }
    );
}
See also

Task tree

Workflow

create_detail_views
create_detail_views(container)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use create_detail_views to create view froms of the details of the item. These details can be specified in the Edit details attribute of the Edit Form Dialog or set in the edit_details attribute of the edit_options.

This method is usually used in the on_edit_form_created event handler.

The following parameters are passed to the method:

  • container - a JQuery object that will contain view form of the details, if there is no container, the method returns.

If there is more than one detail, the method creates view forms in tabs.

If details are not active , the method calls their open method.

Example
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click.task', function(e) { item.cancel_edit(e) });
    item.edit_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task', function() { item.apply_record() });

    if (!item.master && item.owner.on_edit_form_created) {
        item.owner.on_edit_form_created(item);
    }

    if (item.on_edit_form_created) {
        item.on_edit_form_created(item);
    }

    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find(".edit-body"));
    item.create_detail_views(item.edit_form.find(".edit-detail"));

    return true;
}
create_edit_form
create_edit_form(container)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use create_edit_form method to create an edit form of the item for visual editing of a record.

The method searches for an item html template in the task templates attribute (See Forms ), creates a clone of the template and assigns it to the item edit_form attribute.

If container parameter is specified the method empties it and appends the html template to it. Otherwise it creates a modal form and appends the html to it.

Triggers the on_edit_form_created of the task.

Triggers the on_edit_form_created of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_edit_form_created of the item, if one is defined.

Assigns the JQuery keyup and keydown events to the edit_form so that when an JQuery event of the window occurs, the on_edit_form_keyup and on_edit_form_keydown events are triggered. They are triggered (if defined) in the same way: first the task event handler, the group event handler and then the event handler of the item itself. After that the JQuery stopPropagation method of the event is called.

If the form is modal, shows it. Before showing the form the method applies options specidied in the edit_options attribute.

Triggers the on_edit_form_shown of the task.

Triggers the on_edit_form_shown of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_edit_form_shown of the item, if one is defined.

See also

Forms

edit_form

edit_options

create_edit_form

close_edit_form

create_filter_form
create_filter_form(container)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use create_filter_form method to create an filter form of the item for visual editing item filters.

The method searches for an item html template in the task templates attribute (See Forms ), creates a clone of the template and assigns it to the item filter_form attribute.

If container parameter is specified the method empties it and appends the html template to it. Otherwise it creates a modal form and appends the html to it.

Triggers the on_filter_form_created of the task.

Triggers the on_filter_form_created of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_filter_form_created of the item, if one is defined.

Assigns the JQuery keyup and keydown events to the filter_form so that when an JQuery event of the window occurs, the on_filter_form_keyup and on_filter_form_keydown events are triggered. They are triggered (if defined) in the same way: first the task event handler, the group event handler and then the event handler of the item itself. After that the JQuery stopPropagation method of the event is called.

If the form is modal, shows it. Before showing the form the method applies options specidied in the filter_options attribute.

Triggers the on_filter_form_shown of the task.

Triggers the on_filter_form_shown of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_filter_form_shown of the item, if one is defined.

See also

Forms

filter_form

filter_options

close_filter_form

create_filter_inputs
create_filter_inputs(container, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use create_filter_inputs to create data-aware visual controls (inputs, cheboxes) for editing filters of an item.

This method is usually used in on_filter_form_created events triggered by create_filter_form method.

The following parameters are passed to the method:

  • container - a JQuery object that will contain visual controls, if container length is 0 (no container), the method returns.

  • options - options that specify how controls are displayed

The options parameter is an object that may have following attributes:

  • filters - a list of filter names. If specified, a visual control will be created for each filter whose name is in this list, if not specified (the default) then the fields attribute of an filter_options will be used (by default it lists all visible filters specified in the Application builder),

  • col_count - the number of columns that will be created for visual controls, the default value is 1.

  • label_on_top: the default value is false. If this value is false, the labels are placed to the left of controls, otherwise the are created above the controls

  • tabindex - if tabindex is specified, it will the tabindex of the first visual control, tabindex of all subsequent controls will be increased by 1.

  • autocomplete - the default value is false. If this attribute is set to true, the autocomplete attribute of controls is set to “on”

Before creating controls the application empties the container.

Example
function on_filter_form_created(item) {
    item.filter_options.title = item.item_caption + ' - filter';
    item.create_filter_inputs(item.filter_form.find(".edit-body"));
    item.filter_form.find("#cancel-btn").on('click.task', function() {
        item.close_filter()
    });
    item.filter_form.find("#ok-btn").on('click.task', function() {
        item.apply_filter()
    });
}
See also

filters

create_filter_form

filter_form

filter_options

create_inputs
create_inputs(container, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use create_inputs to create data-aware visual controls (inputs, checkboxes) for editing fields of the item.

This method is usually used in the on_edit_form_created events.

The following parameters are passed to the method:

  • container - a JQuery object that will contain visual controls, if container length is 0 (no container), the method returns.

  • options - options that specify how controls are displayed

The options parameter is an object that may have following attributes:

  • fields - a list of field names. If specified, a visual control will be create for each field whose name is in this list, if not specified then the fields attribute of edit_options will be used (if defined), otherwise the layout, created in the Edit Form Dialog of Application builder, will be created

  • col_count - the number of columns that will be created for visual controls, the default value is 1,

Before creating controls the application empties the container.

Example
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.create_inputs(item.edit_form.find(".left-div"),
        {fields: ['firstname', 'lastname', 'company', 'support_rep_id']}
    );
}
See also

fields

Data-aware controls

create_edit_form

create_table
create_table(container, options)

domain: client

language: javascript

Description

Use create_table method to create a table that displays records of the item dataset.

The behavior of the table is determined by the paginate attribute of the item.

When paginate is true, a paginator will be created, that will internally update the item dataset when the page is changed.

If the value of paginate is false, all available records of the item dataset will be displayed in the table.

The table, created by this method is data aware, when you change the dataset, these changes are immediately reflected in the table. So you can create a table and then call the open method.

The following parameters could be passed to the method:

  • container - a JQuery object that will contain the table, if container length is 0 (no container), the method returns. Before creating the table the application empties the container.

  • options - options that specify the way the table will be displayed. By default, the method uses the table_options that are set in the View Form Dialog in Application Builder when creating the table. The options attributes take precedence over the table_options attributes.

The options parameter is an object that may have the same attributes as table_options.

Examples
function on_edit_form_created(item) {
    item.edit_options.width = 1050;
    item.invoice_table.create_table(item.edit_form.find(".edit-detail"),
        {
            height: 400,
            editable_fields: ['quantity'],
            column_width: {"track": "60%"}
        });
}
See also

Forms

Data-aware controls

create_view_form
create_view_form(container)

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Use create_view_form method to create a view form of the item.

Then it searches for an item html template in the task templates attribute (See Forms ) and creates a clone of the template and assigns it to the item view_form attribute.

If container parameter is specified the method empties it and appends the html template to it. Otherwise it creates a modal form and appends the html to it.

Triggers the on_view_form_created of the task.

Triggers the on_view_form_created of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_view_form_created of the item, if one is defined.

Assigns the JQuery keyup and keydown events to the view_form so that when an JQuery event of the window occurs, the on_view_form_keyup and on_view_form_keydown events are triggered. They are triggered (if defined) in the same way: first the task event handler, the group event handler and then the event handler of the item itself. After that the JQuery stopPropagation method of the event is called.

If the form is modal, shows it. Before showing the form the method applies options specidied in the view_options attribute.

Triggers the on_view_form_shown of the task.

Triggers the on_view_form_shown of the group that owners the item, if one is defined for the group.

Triggers the on_view_form_shown of the item, if one is defined.

Forms

view_form

view_options

close_view_form

delete
delete()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Deletes the active record and positions the cursor on the next record.

The delete method

  • checks if item dataset is active, otherwise raises exception

  • checks if item dataset is not empty, otherwise raises exception

  • if item is a detail , checks if the master item is in edit or insert state, otherwise raises exception.

  • if item is not a detail , checks if it is in browse state, otherwise raises exception.

  • triggers the on_before_delete event handler if one is defined for the item.

  • puts the item into delete state

  • deletes the active record and positions the cursor on the next record

  • puts the item into browse state

  • triggers the on_after_delete event handler if one is defined for the item

  • updates data-aware controls

See also

Modifying datasets

delete_record
delete_record()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description
  • calls the can_delete method to check whether a user have a right to delete a record, and if not, returns

  • asks a user to confirm the operation

  • calls the delete method to delete the record

  • calls the apply method to write changes to the application database

See also

Modifying datasets

delete

disable_controls
disable_controls()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Call disable_controls to “turn off” data-aware controls, so they will not refrect changes to the item dataset data.

Call enable_controls to re-enable data display in data-aware controls associated with the dataset and update values they display.

Example
function calculate(item) {
    var subtotal,
        tax,
        total,
        rec;
    if (!item.calculating) {
        item.calculating = true;
        try {
            subtotal = 0;
            tax = 0;
            total = 0;
            item.invoice_table.disable_controls();
            rec = item.invoice_table.rec_no;
            try {
                item.invoice_table.each(function(d) {
                    subtotal += d.amount.value;
                    tax += d.tax.value;
                    total += d.total.value;
                });
            }
            finally {
                item.invoice_table.rec_no = rec;
                item.invoice_table.enable_controls();
            }
            item.subtotal.value = subtotal;
            item.tax.value = tax;
            item.total.value = total;
        }
        finally {
            item.calculating = false;
        }
    }
}
See also

Data-aware controls

enable_controls

disable_edit_form
disable_edit_form()

domain: client

language: javascript

class Item class

Description

Call disable_edit_form to prevent any user actions when edit_form is visible.

Call enable_edit_form to re-enable edit form.