on_apply(self, delta, params, connection)

domain: server

language: python

class Item class


Write on_apply event handler when you need to override the standard data saving procedure during the execution of the apply method on the client or server.

See on_apply events to understand how on_apply events are triggered.

The on_apply event handler has the following parameters:

  • item - a reference to the item,

  • delta - a delta containing item change log (discussed in more detail below),

  • params - the parameters passed to the server by apply method,

  • connection - the connection that will be used to save changes to the database.

The delta parameter contains changes that must be saved in the database. By itself, this option is an item’s copy, and its dataset is the item’s change log. The nature of the record change can be obtained by using following methods:

  • rec_inserted

  • rec_modified

  • rec_deleted

each of which returns a value of True, if the record is added, modified or deleted, respectively.

If the item has a detail items, delta also has a corresponding detail items, storing detail changes.


Please note that when a record is deleted from an item and this record has detail records, the change log will just keep this deleted record, information about the deleted records of the details is not stored. To add this deleted detail records, call delta’s update_deleted method.

You do not need to open delta detail after the cursor has been moved to another record.

Delta dataset fields have an old_value attribute that can be used to get the value of a field before changes have been made.

Fields of the delta dataset have an old_value attribute that can be used to get the value of a field before changes have been made.

when the on_apply event handler is not defined the apply_delta method is executed, that generates SQL queries and executes them. After that it returns the information about the result of processing, that stores the id’s of the new records as well. The client based on this information updates the item’s change log and values of the primary fields of new records.

When on_apply event handler returns None the apply_delta is executed.

You can make some additional processing of the delta. In the following code, the a value of the date field is set to the current date before changes are applied to the database table.

import datetime

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    for d in delta:
        d.date.value = datetime.datetime.now()


Please note that changes made this way are not reflected in the item dataset on the client. You can use the item client methods refresh_record or refresh_page to display these changes.

In the following code, while saving the changes made to the invoices, the application as well updates the value of the tracks_sold field for tracks in this invoices. All this is done in one transaction.

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):
    tracks = item.task.tracks.copy()
    changes = {}
    for d in delta:
        for t in d.invoice_table:
            if not changes.get(t.track.value):
                changes[t.track.value] = 0
            if t.rec_inserted():
                changes[t.track.value] += t.quantity.value
            elif t.rec_deleted():
                changes[t.track.value] -= t.quantity.value
            elif t.rec_modified():
                changes[t.track.value] += t.quantity.value - t.quantity.old_value
    ids = list(changes.keys())
    for t in tracks:
        q = changes.get(t.id.value)
        if q:
            t.tracks_sold.value += q

In the previous examples the on_apply event handler returns None so after that the apply_delta method is executed by the application.

The more general case is:

def on_apply(item, delta, params, connection):

  # execute some code before changes are written to the database

  result = item.apply_delta(delta, params, connection)

  # execute some code after changes are written to the database

  return result

See also

Server side programming

on_apply events

Modifying datasets